Hilula and Yarzeit for the Hebrew Month of Adar אדר

These Hilulot are celebrated in both Adar Aleph and Adar Bet when it is a Leap year as it was in the year 5779. This year 5783 is not a Leap Year. [Note:The year 5781 had only one month of Adar].

Per the sages, it is good just to say the Name of a Tzadik. Of course, the more one learns about each individual Tzadik strengthens one's connection to that Tzadik and assists in the Channel of connection between you and he/she. As we develop more information about a particular Tzadik his or her name will appear as a Link. Otherwise, it will just be listed below the date.

One spiritual ritual recommended by Rabbi Nachtman of Breslov is to say the Names of the Tzadikim starting with Adam and Chava and continuing until today. This list will be added as a link when it is available. In the meantime try doing this ritual with the Names of all the Tzadikim who passed in an Hebrew month.

Here is a link to make a donation or to purchase a spiritual gift to help support the building of this list.

  • Donate to Yeshshem using Paypal
  • 30 Shevat is Rosh Chodesh Adar Alef which this year starts Evening of February 20 2023

    Below are the Tzadikim who celebrate their Hilulah during the month of Adar אדר

    Rabbi Menachem Mendel ben Rabbi Boruch Bendet of Shklov (1827), one of the most famous talmidim of the Gra. Was known as an expert in Kabbala. Made aliyah to Eretz Yisroel in 1808.

    Rabbi Eliyahu Habachur Halevi “the Ba’al Hatishbi,” famous Hebrew grammarian (1549).

    Rabbi Yitzchak Yerucham Diskin, the Maharil Diskin (1839-1925), born in Valkovisk, Russia, the son of Rabbi Yehoshua Leib Diskin of Brisk and Rebbetzin Hinda Rochel. He started studying gemara on his own at the age of 5. After his Bar Mitzvah, he studied in seclusion for 14 hours a day. At 16, he left for Volozhin. After his father’s petira in 1898, he was asked to succeed him as president of the Diskin Orphanage and head of the Ohel Moshe Yeshiva. At first, he refused, but in 1908, when he saw that Yerushalayim’s Torah institutions were in danger due to Zionists’ efforts to destroy them, he decided to make aliya. Together with Rabbi Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, he faught against the Maskilim. Both of them were elected honorary presidents of the charedi Vaad Ha’ir, which soon became known as the Eida Hacharedis.

    Rosh Chodesh Bet 1Adar אדר ראש חודש - starts Evening of February 21 2023

    Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra (1089-1164) was born in Tudela during the height of Spain’s Golden Age. There, he established a close friendship with Rabbi Yehuda Halevi. Three of his uncles were ministers in the royal palace. During the benevolent rule of King Alfonso VI he moved to Toledo. After the King died, however, anti-semitic masses began to harass the Jews, so he headed south to Muslim Spain – to Granada, Cordova, and Lucena. In 1148, the Almohades overran Morocco and continued into Spain. As a result, Rabbi Avraham was forced to flee to Rome, Provence, and Rhodes (where he befriended Rabbeinu Tam and other grandsons of Rashi, as well as the Rosh). He traveled to Egypt and learned with the Rambam. He wrote a commentary on the Torah and Navi, based in large part on Hebrew grammar. Some of the famous poems written by Ibn Ezra are "Tzam'ah nafshi L'Elohim L'El Chai..." and "Ki Esh'mera Shabbat...". He wrote dozens of important books on astronomy, astrology, and mathematics. It is said that he determined through his astrology the exact date of his death and did not deviate or despair from this information.

    Rabbi Shabsai HaKohen Katz, (Shach) author of Sifsei Kohen, recognized as one of the most basic and authoritative commentaries on the Shulchan Aruch (1622-1663). Born in Vilna. He learned in Tyktizin, Cracow and Lublin. He married a great grand-daughter of the Rema. In 1648 the communities of Russian Poland were devastated by Chmielnicki, and Rabbi Shabsai haKohen was among the sufferers. He authored selichos in tragic memory of the events. He was nifter at the age of 41 in Holleschau, Germany, having completed his commentary to 2 of the 4 sections of the Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De’ah (at age 24) and Choshen Mishpat. Among his other works are Sefer Ha’Aruch on the Tur, Poel Tzedek on the 613 mitzvos, and Gevuros Anashim, on cases in which a wife can legally compel her husband to give her a get.

    Rabbi Azariya Figu (Figo) of Venice (1579-1647). Author of Binah La'itim and Gidulei Terumah.

    Rabbi Emanuel Chai Riki (1688-1743). Kabbalist; author of Mishnas Chassidim. He received semicha from Rabbi Chaim Abulafia in Tzefas. He is buried in Zento, Italy. He also wrote a commentary on Tehillim entitled Chozeh Tzion, and Yosher Leivav.

    Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik Safrin of Komarna (or Komarno) (1800). He was the author of Heichal HaBrachah and Zohar Chai. One son was Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Aichenshtein of Zhidachov, the Ateres Tzvi. Another son was Rabbi Yissochor Berish Aichenshtein of Zhidachov. A third son was Rabbi Moshe Aichenshtein of Sambor, a fourth was Rabbi Alexanfer Yom Tov Lipa Aichenshtein, a fifth was Rabbi Menachem Mendel Aichenshtein, and a sixth was Rabbi Eli Aichenshtein.

    Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Shklov (1827). He was the leader of the aliyah of the followers of the Vilna Gaon to Eretz Yisrael. This is significant because of the many Minhagei Yerushalayim that were established by that Ashkenazi community. His leading student, Yitzchak Eizak Chaver Wildmann (1789-1853), perceived that the obscurity of the kabbalistic system was a major factor in the flight of students and thinkers from Torah to science, secular philosophy and atheism. In Pischey She'arim, Rabbi Yitzchak Eizak Haver vindicates the kabbalah against its detractors, showing that behind its metaphors lies the only system with the power to provide satisfying answers to man's deepest questions about the meaning and purpose of the universe.

    Rabbi Yitzchak Meir of Zinkov (1855), son of the Apta Rav.

    Rabbi Baruch Halberstam of Gorlitz (1830-1906). Born in Rudnick, Poland, to the second of the four wives of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz. At age 14, he married Pessel, the daughter of Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum, the “Yitav Lev” of Sighet. In his early 30s, he was appointed rabbi of Rudnick, and later rabbi of Gorlitz. In 1886, after his wife’s passing, he married Leah, a granddaughter of the Bnei Yissoscher.

    Rabbi Uri Yalas of Sambur (1910).

    Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Kalisch of Skrenevitz (1957).

    Rabbi Baruch Rosenberg, Rosh Yeshiva of Keneses Yisrael, Slabodka in Bnai Brak (1924-2004). Born in Moholiev, Russia, to Rabbi Gershon Chanoch Rosenberg, whose father – Rabbi Michel Yechiel Rosenberg – was one of Rabbi Chaim Brisker’s chavrusos. In his teens, Rabbi Baruch attended Mir, where became close to Rabbi Chaim Shmuelevitz and Rabbi Yechezkel Levenstein. During World War II, Rabbi Baruch went to Vilna, and then to Shanghai with the yeshiva. In 1950, he continued his studies in Mir Yerushalayim. The year after his chasuna, he accepted an invitation to be magid shir at the Slabodka Yeshiva in Bnai Brak, where he stayed for 50 years.

    Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac Eichenstein, the Kiviashder Rav of Forest Hills, Queens (1913-2004). Born in Kashau, Czechoslovakia to Rabbi Meir, the Zhidichov Rav of Kashau. As a youth, he learned under the Kashauer Rabbi, Rabbi Shaul Brach. Upon his marriage, he replaced his father-in-law (who had moved away) as Rabbi of Kishiavd and established a yeshiva. He stayed for six years, until the Nazis arrived in 1944. The Rabbi was sent to Auschvitz and Bergen-Belsen, where he lost his parents, his wife, and his three young children. Despite his nisyonos, he spent his time, infusing others with chizuk. Following the War, he married his father-in-law’s younger daughter, established a beis din to be matir hundreds of agunos, and arranged for the education of many orphans. He moved to America and settled in Queens in 1950. In 1953, under the auspices of the Satmar Rabbi, he established the Central Rabbinical Council of the United States and Canada.

    Rabbi Simcha Bunim Waldenberg (1937-2005), only son of Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Waldenberg (the Tzitz Eliezer), Rabbi of the Ezras Torah neighborhood of Yerushalayim and of the Beis Yisrael Beis Midrash for over 30 years.

    Rosh Chodesh Adar Bet which is Aleph of Adar - א אדר starts Evening of February 21 2023

    Rabbi Meir Paprish, the Ohr Tzadikim (1624-1662). At the young age of 13, Rabbi Meir began learning Kabbalah as a student of Rabbi Yaakov Tzemach who studied under Rabbi Shmuel Vital, the son of Rabbi Chaim Vital.

    Rabbi David ben Moshe Madjar of Yerushalayim (1800), author of Chesed Dovid.

    Rabbi Yom Tov Algazi, the Maharit Algazi (1727-1802), one of the main students of the famed kabbalist Rabbi Shalom Sharabi. Stemming from a long line of great Torah sages originating in Spain, his father, Rabbi Yisrael Yaakov was av beis din in Izmir, Turkey for over 40 years before being appopinted Rishon Letzion in Yerushalyim. Rabbi Yom Tov was born in Izmir, and studied together with Rabbi Chaim Yosef Dovid Azulai (the Chida) as a youth. In 1758, he was appointed rosh yeshiva of Neveh Shalom. In 1782, after the petira of Rabbi Shalom Sharabi, Rabbi Yom Tov was appointed rosh yeshiva of Beis Kel and served as Rishon LeTzion following the petira of Rabbi Rephael Meyuchas. He left behind a legacy of piskei halacha – Shu”t Simchas Yom Tov, Hilchos Yom Tov, and Kedushas Yom Tov. He left one son (Rabbi Yaakov) and 3 daughters.

    Rabbi Aaron Hagadol of Premishlan, son of Rabbi Meir the Great and disciple of Rabbi Yechiel Michel of Zlotschov.

    Rabbi Binyomin Zev Lev Rokeach (1777-1851). He was born in the small town of Vadislav, and his father, the Shemen Rokeach, sent him to the yeshivos of Rabbi Eliezer Kempne of Prostitz, and of his brother-in- law Rabbi Yirmiyohu of Mattersdorf. He married Feigele, the daughter of Rabbi Yitzchak Eisik Elkish, Rabbi of Ushpitzin from the dynasty of the Rebbe Rabbi Heschel and the Moginei Shlomo. He subsequently became rov in Amshinov. He is the author of Shaarei Torah. His son, Yirmiyahu, was author of Divrei Yirmiyahu.

    Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkiya Grunwald of Pupa, the Vayaged Yaakov (1941). Son of Rabbi Moshe Grunwald, Rabbi and Rosh Yeshiva of Chust, and author of several works, each entitled Arugas Habosem. Rabbi Moshe's brother, Rabbi Eliezer Dovid Grunwald, known as the Keren Le'Dovid, also headed an important yeshiva. Although Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkiya’s father was not born into a chassidic family, he had gravitated towards the Shiniva and Belzer Rebbes and had taken his son on his many visits to those rebbes. Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkiya studied under his father until his marriage. In 1929, Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkiya was chosen as Rabbi of Pupa, Hungary. He established a yeshiva there which soon numbered 300 students. Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkiya's son, Rabbi Yosef Grunwald, succeeded his father in 1951.

    Rabbi Avraham Kalmanowitz (1891-1965), Av Beis Din of Tiktin, Rosh Yeshivas Mir-U.S. He was a talmid of Slobodka, a Rabbi of Rakov, and a close friend of Rabbi Chaim Ozer Grodzenski of Vilna. He was also the founder and head of a kollel, and a leader of Agudath Israel of Poland. After the First World War, the Mirrer Yeshivah appointed him as its president. His wife’s grandfather was Rabbi Betzalel HaKohen, a dayan in Vilna and author of Mareh Kohen. At the beginning of World War II the Rabbi and his family reached the United States, while his beloved Mirrer Yeshivah escaped from Mir to Vilna, to avoid Soviet persecution. During the War, the Rabbi was was one of the leading personalities of the Vaad Hatzalah.

    Rabbi Yisrael Alter, the Beis Yisrael of Ger (1895-1977). The 3rd son Rabbi Avraham Mordechai, the Imrei Emes, he celebrated a double simcha on his Bar Mitzvah, as he became engaged to his cousin, Chaya Sara. They married two years later. In 1940, the Imrei Emes escaped the Nazis and reached Eretz Yisrael, along with his sons, Rabbi Yisrael, Rabbi Simcha Bunim, and Rabbi Pinchas Menachem. Tragically, Rabbi Yisrael’s wife, daughter, and son perished, a fact he didn’t learn until 1945. He remarried in 1948, but had no children from his second wife. After his father’s petira, Rabbi Yisrael assumed the mantle of leadership as the 4th Rebbe of Ger. For the next 29 years, he rebuilt Ger and was a major force in the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah of Agudas Yisrael. After his passing, Ger was led by his brother, Rabbi Simcha Bunim, until his petira in 1992. After that, his other brother, Rabbi Pinchas Menachem led Ger for four years. Since then, Ger has been led by Rabbi Yaakov Aryeh, the son of Rabbi Simcha Bunim.

    Rabbi Moshe Schwab (1918-1979). Born in Frankfurt-am-Mein to Rabbi Yehuda (Leopold) and Hanna (nee Erlanger) Schwab, the younger brother of Rabbi Shimon and Rabbi Mordechai. He was sent to learn in Kaminetz under Rabbi Baruch Ber Leibowitz and in Baronovich under Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman. In 1938, he moved to England and accepted a position at the Kollel in Gateshead. In 1942, he married Rochel Baddiel, daughter of Rabbi Dovid Baddiel, one of the founding members of the Gateshead kehilla. In 1946, he joined the Yeshiva and became very close to Rabbi Dessler. He authored Ma’archei Lev on the Yomim Tovim.

    Rabbi Mordechai Wulliger (1895-1995), born in Bishtina-Marmoresh to Rabbi Moshe Wulliger, one of the greatest students of the Yetev Lev of Sighet, Rabbi Z.L. Teitelbaum (the Great grandfather of The Satmer Rebbe). His primary teacher was Rabbi Chaim Zvi Teitelbaum, Rabbi of Sigher and author of Atzei Chaim. Rabbi Wulliger settled in the United States in 1938 and was a member of the Yeshiva and Mesivta Torah Vodas for about 50 years. He authored a myriad of seforim, the first of which was Pardes Mordechai (1927).

    Beit of Adar - ב אדר starts Evening of February 22 2023

    Rabbi Mordechai Yaffe (1530-1612), author of Levush Mordechai, and known as the Baal HaLevushim. Born to the Rabbi of Prague, he was sent to Poland to study under the Maharshal and Rama in his youth. Married in 1553, he founded a yeshiva in Prague. However, in 1559, King Ferdinand decreed that the Jews of Prague be evicted. Despite the successful efforts of Pope Pius IV on behalf of the Jews (which resulted in a 2-year delay), the Jews of Prague left the city in 1561. Rabbi Mordechai settled in Venice, where he learned with Rabbi Avraham Abuhav and Rabbi Mittsyahu Delcorte. He became Rabbi of Horodna (Grodno) in 1572, then Lublin in 1588. In 1598, when the Maharal left Posen for Prague, Rabbi Mordechai became rabbi of Posen until his death. Two important peirushim on the Levush were written many years later: In Elya Rabba, Rabbi Eliyahu Shapiro answers many refutation of the Levush brought in the Malbishei Yom Tov, (written by the author of Tosefos Yom Tov), and in Levushei Tzedakah, Rabbi Tzadok Hakohen answers difficulties raised by the Smah in Levush Choshen Mishpat.

    Rabbi Noach of Krakow (1638), author of Toldos Noach on Midrash.

    Rabbi Noach Chaim Berlin of Altuna (1802), author of Atzei Almogim and Atzei Arazim and Av Beis Din of AH”U.

    Rabbi Binyamin Zev Lev, Rabbi of Verboi and author of Shaarei Tefilah (1851).

    Rabbi David Morgenstern of Kotzk (1866), the eldest son of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk.

    Rabbi Eliyahu Mezhritch (1868), author of Midreishei Eliyahu.

    Rabbi Eliyahu David Rabinowitz-Teumim, the Aderes (1843-1905). The last part of his name, Te'omim denotes the fact that he was a "te'om," or twin. His mother, Chana, was a descendant of the Baal Halevushim and the Chacham Tzvi. After his marriage, Rabbi Eliyahu Dovid moved to his wife's birthplace, Ponovezh. He served as Rabbi of Ponovezh from 1872 to 1890 and of Mir from 1890 to 1898. He was then asked to assume the position of chief rabbi of Yerushalayim, at the recommendation of Rabbi Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky. There, he assisted the 80 year old Rabbi Shmuel Salant. Rabbi Eliyahu David served as the rabbi of Yerushalayim for four years.

    Rabbi Chaim Yaakov Goldvicht, founder (1952) and rosh yeshiva, Kerem B'Yavne (1994). Born in Yerushalayim, he attended Yeshiva Etz Chaim under Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer. Thereafter, he learned under the guidance of Rabbi Zev Soloveitchik, the Brisker Rabbi. After marrying his wife, Miriam, he moved to Bnei Brak where he studied under the Chazon Ish and was also close to Rabbi Isaac Sher.

    Rabbi Yechiel Malach (1922-2006). Born in Ostrolenka, Poland, he was a talmid muvhak or Rabbi Avraham Yoffen, he went on to learn in Slobodka, then settled in Brooklyn after the War. He became 9th grade rebbi and manhig ruchani at Yeshivas Be’er Shmuel. At about 1986, he moved to Yerushalayim, where he was marbitz Torah in the Gerrer Yeshiva Ner Yisrael.

    Gimmel Adar - ג אדר starts Evening of February 23 2023

    Rabbi Achai bar Rav Huna of Rabanan Soverai, 506 CE

    Rabbi Meir (MaHaRaM) of Rotenburg, whose body was released for burial in 1307, fourteen years after his death in the fortress of Ensisheim. He was buried in the old Jewish cemetery of Worms. Next to him was buried Rabbi Alexander Susskind Wimpfen, who gave away his entire fortune to ransom the body. Both graves miraculously escaped Nazi ravaging of the cemetery. He was born in 1215

    Rabbi Mordechai Leib Mann, rosh yeshiva Beis Hillel in Bnei Brak

    Rabbi Leib Sarah's (1730-1796). Considered one of the hidden tzadikim by the Baal Shem Tov, he spent his life wandering to raise money for the ransoming of imprisoned.

    Rabbi Avraham Blumenkrantz (1944-2007). Born in Palestine four years before the founding of the state of Israel, Reb Avraham and his family were abroad at the outset of the War of Independence. In the early 1950s the family settled in Bogotá, Colombia. His father, Rabbi Chaim Menachem Bentzion, became chief rabbi. Rabbi Avraham came to New York as a teenager to study at Mesivta Tiferes Yerushalayim under Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, with whom Rabbi Blumenkrantz maintained a close relationship until Rabbi Feinstein's death in 1986. Under the guidance of Rabbi Moshe, Rabbi Avraham took positions at Staten Island and Brooklyn. He also became Rav in Far Rockaway. He also became well-known for his Pesach guide.

    Dalet Adar - ד אדר starts Evening of February 24 2023

    Rabbi Ze’ev Wolf (Velvele) of Ostracha (also known as Tcharni-Ostraa) (1823). He was a close talmid of Rabbi Dov Ber (the Maggid) of Mezritch and Rabbi Pinchas of Koritz. Thereafter, he became a follower of Rabbi Meshulam Feivish of Zhebariza, the Yosher Divrei Emes. He married the daughter of Reb Zushe of Hanipoli. Three years after the petira of the Yosher Divrei Emes, he made aliya (in 1798) and settled in Teveriya.

    Rabbi Shmuel Abba Shapira of Slavita (1864). Printer of the famous "Slavita Talmud"; grandson of Rav Pinchas of Koretz.

    Rabbi Avraham Landau of Tchechenov (1875). Born in Prantzav, he married at 16 and had 4 children. Lodz and Lublin fought for the honor of hiring Rabbi Avraham as their rav, but he instead chose to lead the small rural community of Tchechenov. Only after the Kotzker Rebbe and Rabbi Yitzchak Meir had passed away, and hundreds of their followers turned to Rabbi Avraham for blessings and advice, did he finally agree to became a Rebbe.

    Rabbi Eliezer (“Lazer”) Gordon (1841-1910). Born in Chernian, Lithuania, to Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Gordon, a talmid of Rabbi Chaim of Volozhin. He learned at Rabbi Yisrael Salanter’s yeshiva in Kovno with Rabbi Yitzchak Blazer, Rabbi Simcha Zissel Ziv, and Rabbi Naftali Amsterdam. He succeeded his father-in-law as rav of Kovno, but left after three months to become rav of Kelm, where he opened a yeshiva. Then he went to Slobodka and stayed for 6 months, then he went to Telshe, which had been started in 1877 by Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel and Rabbi Eliezer Chavas. In 1897, he hired Rabbi Leib Chasman as mashgiach to fight off the influences of haskala. Rabbi Lazer was nifter in London on a fun-raising mission after a fire destroyed the yeshiva in Telshe. [According to Yated 2006, it’s 4 Adar]

    Rabbi Mordechai Shlomo Friedman (1891-1971), Boyaner Rebbe in New York. He was the son of the first Boyaner Rebbe, Rabbi Yitzchak Friedman, the Pachad Yitzchak, and the brother of Rabbi Menahem Nahum Friedman (1869-1936), Boyanaer Rebbe of Chernovitz, Rabbi Yisrael Friedman (1878-1951), Boyaner Rebbe of Leipzig and Tel-Aviv, and Rabbi Abraham Yaakov Friedman (1884-1941), Boyaner Rebbe of Lemberg. His grandson, Rabbi Nachum Dov Brayer, is the present Boyaner Rebbe of Yerushalayim.

    Rabbi Yosef Farbstein (1947-2006). Grandson of Rabbi Yechezkel Sarna, he became Rosh Kollel of Beis Shmuel under Rav Horowitz, the Av Beis Din of Ungar. In 1970 he married Rebbetzin Gittel, daughter of Rabbi Akiva Ehrenfeld, founder of Yerushalayim's Mattersdorf neighborhood and nasi of its institutions, and the granddaughter of Rbbiv Shmuel Ehrenfeld, the Gavad of Mattersdorf, Austria. In 1988, he was appointed Ram in Yeshivas Ohr Elchanan under Rabbi Moshe Chodosh.

    Hai Adar - ה אדר starts Evening of February 25 2023

    Rabbi Shmuel ben Natronai (1197), one of the Baalei Tosefos, was tortured and martyred.

    Rabbi Daniel Prostitz (1759-1846). Rabbi of Pressburg and colleague of the Chasam Sofer.

    Rabbi Naftali Amsterdam (1916), disciple of Rabbi Yisrael Salanter. He immigrated to Eretz Yisrael in 1902.

    Rabbi Yosef Baumgarten, Av Bais Din Schiffschule in Vienna.

    Rabbi David Povarsky (1902-1999), rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Ponovezh. When he was twelve years old, he learned with Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer in Slutzk. Afterward, he transferred to Poltova, where he became deeply attached to his rav muvhak, Rabbi Yeruchom Levovitz, whom he followed to Kelm and Ponovezh. From Ponovezh, he transferred to Mir yeshiva and became very close to Rabbi Chaim Shmuelevitz. One of his chavrusas in Shulchan Oruch was Rabbi Aharon Kotler. A while after his marriage, he transferred to the yeshiva in Baranowitz, where he studied under Rabbi Elchonon Wassermann. Later, Reb Yeruchom sent Rabbi Dovid to be a ram in Yeshivas Chachmei Lublin headed by Rabbi Meir Shapira of Lublin. Rabbi Dovid merited to form a special bond with Rabbi Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky.

    Rabbi Chanoch Tzvi HaKohen Levin (1935), the Bendiner Rav.

    Vav Adar - ו אדר starts Evening of February 26 2023

    Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim of Lunshitz (1550-1619), author of Kli Yakar. After serving as rosh yeshiva in Lemberg, he became the Rabbi of Prague. He was well-known as an inspiring speaker. In addition to Kli Yakar, Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim also wrote special selichos to be said in memory of the Jews of Prague who suffered horribly during the pogroms of 1611.

    Rabbi Avraham Tzvi Patznovski of Piotrokov (1819).

    Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik Taub of Kalev (1744 or 1751-1821), founder of Kuliver Chassidic line in Hungary. Born to Rabbi Yechezkel, in Szerencs, Hungary. According to stories of Hungarian Chassidim, Rabbi Leib Sarahs received permission from the boy’s widowed mother to raise him and took him directly to Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg. Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik also learned Chassidus from Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk. After his marriage to Feige, Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik's wife remained in her hometown of Tertzel while Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik continued away from home for many years. His wife's financial needs were supplied by a wealthy Kaliv Jew, Yaakov Fisch. In gratitude, Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik blessed Yaakov with good health and he lived for over a hundred years. When Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik returned home 1781, the Jews of Szabolcs county appointed him as their leader, and he moved to Nagykálló, or Kaliv as it known to Jews. For the next forty years, Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik pioneered the spread of Chassidus throughout Hungary from Kaliv, and he is regarded as the first Admor to take up permanent residence in Hungary. Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik is remembered as "the sweet singer of Yisrael" and is famed for his niggunim.

    Rabbi Menachem Mendel Landau of Zabeirtze (1935).

    Rabbi Tzvi kinstlicher (1965), author of Sheilos u’teshuvos Be’er Tzvi

    Cheit Adar - ז אדר starts Evening of February 28 2023

    Rabbi Shmuel Dovid Ungar of Neitra, a descendent of Don Yitzchak Abarbanel.

    Rabbi Gershon of Lotzk (1788), a talmid of the Mezritcher Maggid.

    Rabbi Aryeh Leib Hanover (1715-1789). Son of the Pnei Yehoshua, he married the daughter of Rabbi Yechiel Michel Haplerin, Rabbi of Berzhan. After posts at Skohl and Sevirz, he was asked to serve as Rabbi at Hanover at the age of 41. He was a fierce opponent of the supporters of Shabtai Tzvi. His chidushei Torah are printed in the sefer Pnei Aryeh on Maseches Bava Kamma.

    Rabbi Yosef Yedid (1930), author of Yemei Yosef.

    Rabbi Avraham Noach Paley of Shklov-Yerushalayim (1932).

    Rabbi Moshe Aharon Stern (1926-1998). Born in New York, he was a grandson of the famed tzaddik, Reb Yaakov Yosef Herman (subject of the book All for the Boss). In his youth, Rabbi Moshe Aharon studied at Yeshiva Torah Vodaas. At age 18, he traveled to Eretz Yisrael and enrolled in the Kamenitz Yeshiva, where he remained for the rest of his life, serving as Mashgiach for the last 20 years of his life.

    Some items from History that happened on Zion Adar. These are not coincidental. Historical events happen on a specific day as they relate to the energy of that day.

    * Jews of Barbados were granted permission to take an oath on the “Old Testament,” 1674. This was a first for the New World. 151 years later, in 1825, also on 8 Adar, Jews of Maryland were allowed to take a non-Christian oath. A declaration of belief in Schar v’Onesh in Olam Haba was part of their oath.

    * Yeshiva Eitz Chaim, the first elementary school with secular studies in the U.S., established 1886.

    * Deportation of the Jews from Thrace, 1943.

    Zion Adar - ח אדר starts Evening of February 27 2023

    Birthday of Moshe Rabbeinu, 1393 BCE (Sotah 12b)] and his yahrtzeit in 1273 BCE, (Kiddushin 38a). Many people stay up all night studying the teachings of Moshe Rabbeinu from the Chumash and the Zohar, where he appears as the Mehemmna Rahaina

    Moshe Rabbeinu was willing to set himself completely aside for the sake of his fellow Jews. Nevertheless there were times when the Jewish people complained, and even sinned. That was why the people didn’t go into Israel right away, as HaShem had wanted, and that’s why the generation that came out of Egypt died in the desert, and so on. After one of the most serious of these confrontations between Moshe and Bnei Israel, the sin of the Golden Calf, HaShem said to Moshe Rabbeinu: “I will destroy the entire Jewish people and I will start a new Jewish nation from you. Maybe this time they’ll be on a higher level.” W4re4hat did Moshe reply? “If you are planning to destroy the Jewish people then you can destroy me first: mecheyni na misifrecha — erase me from Your Book.” Moshe was far from being erased from the Torah, but there is one parasha - Tetzaveh - in which his name does not appear at all. Although the name Moshe does not appear, his essence does, in that Hashem speaks the first words of the parasha to Moshe. This parashah begins with the words, Ve’atah tetzaveh — “And you shall command Bnei Yisrael to bring you pure olive oil to kindle the eternal light.” “You” here refers to Moshe Rabbeinu and the Schechinah together.

    Most leaders are hungry for power, and that is their motivation for becoming leaders. Moshe, by way of contrast, was a leader who didn’t want to be a leader, as we see from the very beginning of his career when he tried to refuse to accept upon himself the leadership of Bnei Yisrael, and once he became the leader, his own interests were always secondary and subordinate. The people always came first.

    Rabbi Mordechai Meisel (1601), the parnes of Prague, a great Jewish philanthropist who saved many Jewish lives in pogroms.

    Rabbi Shlomo Zalman of Volozhin (1756-1788), brother of Rabbi Chaim Volozhin.

    Rabbi Menachem Mendel Stern (1759-1834). He was a talmid of Rabbi Yaakov Lorberbaum of Lissa (author of Nesivos Hamishpat, Chavas Da'as, and Derech Chaim). He succeeded Rabbi Yehuda Hakohen Heller (author of Kuntres Hasefeikos and brother of the Ketzos Hachoshen) as Rabbi of Sighet, Hungary. Rabbi Stern was a chassid of Rabbi Moshe Leib of Sassov and of Rabbi Mendel of Kossov. Among his works is Derech Emunah.

    Rabbi Aharon Menachem Mendel of Radzimin (1934)

    Rabbi Yechiel Schlesinger (1948), rabbi and poseik for Kehal Adas Yeshurun. In his youth, he learned at Slobodka and Mir Yeshivos. After his marriage in 1930, he set off for Ponevezh, Lithuania. During his time in Ponevezh, Rabbi Yechiel Michel also trained to become a dayan, doing shimush in the beis din of the Ponevezher Rov. He was called to serve as a dayan on the Frankfurt beis din, and as the head of Rabbi Breuer's Yeshiva there. In 1938, he decided that life as a Jew in Germany was becoming too intolerable. Although he was offered the prestigious position of rosh yeshiva of Torah Vodaas Yeshiva in New York, he preferred to move to Eretz Yisroel. Once he reached Yerushalayim, a few days after Pesach (1939), he founded Kol Torah Yeshiva, setting a clear Torah path for German Jewry.

    Rabbi Chaim Ephraim Zeitchek (1989), Mashgiach of Novardok,Yerushalayim and Rosh Yeshivas Ohr Chodosh.

    Rabbi Shmuel Dovid Ungar (1945), Nitra Rav and Rosh Yeshiva.

    Tet Adar - ט אדר starts Evening of March 1 2023

    Rabbi Pinchas of Voldova (1663), author of Bris Shalom.

    Rabbi Yosef Baruch Epstein (1867), the Gutteh Yid of Neustadt. He was the son of the Maor Vashemesh.

    Rabbi Alexander Moshe Lapidus (1819-1906). A talmid of Rabbi Yisrael Salanter, he authored Divrei Emes.

    Rabbi Shalom Goldstein (1923-1984). Born in 1923 in Romania to Reb Yechezkel Shraga Goldstein, a Deizher chossid and a descendant of Rabbi Yaakov Koppel Chossid. Rabbi Yechezkel Goldstein immigrated to the U.S. and settled in Williamsburg when his son was eight. The youth was a popular activist of Zeirei Agudas Yisrael, who did kiruv work with children from less religious homes. In 1944 Shalom married Leah Necha Scheiner of Pittsburgh, and a year later he moved to Detroit in 1945, where he remained to build Torah for the following 40 years.

    Rabbi Yosef Halevi Epstein, the “Gutter Yid” from Neustadt.

    Yood Adar - אדר ' starts Evening of March 2 2023

    Rabbi Gershon Ashkenazi (1625-1693). Born to Rabbi Yitzchak Ashkenazi in Holtz, Germany, he left home to learn in the yeshiva of Rabbi Yoel Sirkes, the Bach, in Krakow, Poland. He was also a close talmid of Rabbi Yehoshua, the Maginei Shlomo. Rabbi Gershon lost his first wife in 1649, and married the daughter of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Kruchmal, the Tzemach Tzedek. But she too was niftar young, in 1654. His third wife, Rebbetzin Raizel, was zocheh to arichas yamim, outliving her husband by 30 years. Rabbi Gershon served as dayan in Krakow, and in 1650 served the kehila of Prussnitz, Moravia. With the petira of his father-in-law, the Tzemach Tzedek in 1661, he became Rabbi in Nicholsburg and a year later of the entire province of Moravia. He served as chief Rabbi of Austria until the expulsion of 1670. At that point, he became Rabbi of Metz, Germany, where he remained until his petira. He is the author of Avodas HaGershuni, which deals with a wide range of Halachah. Much of what we know about the Chmielnicki massacres are based on this work. A prolific writer, he also composed Tiferes HaGershuni comprising his drashas on the Torah, and Chidushei HaGershuni on Halacha.

    Rabbi Chaim Yosef Dovid Azulai, (the Chida), (1724-1806). Arguably the Sephardic equivalent to the Vilna Gaon, the Chida, was born in Jerusalem. At the age of 18, he learned under Rabbi Chaim ben Atar (the Ohr Hachaim). His works include a collection of responsa known as Yoseif Ometz, the Shem HaGedolim (a biographical work on 1300 authors and 1200 writings, dating back to the Gaonim), and many others. He passed away in Livorno, Italy.

    Rabbi Eliezer Lipman, father of Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk and Reb Zusha of Annipoli.

    Rabbi Mordechai Posner (1823), Rabbi of Ursha and brother of the Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi.

    Rabbi Shmuel Strashun (Shtershun; Shtrasson), (1794-1872) the Rashash of Vilna. He was a Rabbi and a very wealthy banker in Vilna; he also administrated a free loan fund. His commentary on virtually the entire Talmud is printed in most editions of the Talmud. (12 Adar, per Yated 2006; 13 Adar 1885 per Yated 2008).

    Rabbi Avraham Borenstein of Sochatchov (Sochaczew, near Warsaw) (1839-1910), author of Avnei Nezer (seven volumes of response) and Eglei Tal (encyclopedia of the laws of Shabbos). He was born in Bendin to Rabbi Ze’ev Nachum, author of the Agudas Eizov, a descendent of the Rema and the Shacha, and the Rabbi of Elkush and Biala. In 1853, he married Sarah Tzina, one of the two daughters of the Kotzker Rebbe, with whom he learned almost daily for almost 7 years. After the petira of his father-in-law in 1859, Rabbi Avraham accepted the Chidushei HaRim of Ger as his rebbe. After the petira of the Chidushei HaRim in 1866, he accepted Rabbi Chanoch Henich HaKohen of Alexander as his new rebbe. In 1883, he became Rabbi of Sochachov. His lectures in the yeshiva lasted six to eight hours, often starting at midnight and continuing until morning, except for a 15-minute break when he napped. Rabbi Borenstein is frequently quoted in his son's classic work Shem Mishmuel.

    Rabbi Yosef Rosen of Dvinsk (1858-1936), the Gaon of Rogatchov, author of Tzofnas Paneach. His father, Reb Fishel Rosen, was a leader of the Jewish community of Rogatchov in general, and of the Lubavicher Chasidim in particular. When he was bar mitzvah, his father brought Reb Yosef to the Rabbi of Slutzk, Rabbi Yosef Dov Soloveichik, the Beis Halevi. Together with Rabbi Chaim (Rabbi Yosef Dov’s son), Rabbi Yosef learned with the Beis Halevi for an entire year. He then learned with Rabbi Yehushua Diskin in Shklov. When he was 18, he married the daughter of Rabbi Moshe Garfinkel, a Gerer chasid in Warsaw, who supported the couple for 8 years. In 1891, he took the position of Rabbi in Dvinsk, a position he kept until his death.

    Rabbi Shmuel Brudny, Rosh Yeshivas Mir (1915-1981). Born in Smorgon, Lithuania, between Oshmina and Vilna. At 14 years of age, he entered the Rameilles Yeshiva in Vilna under Rabbi Shlomo Heiman. Three years later, he entered the Mirrer Yesihva under Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel. Whereas his parents and siblings were murdered by the Nazis, he escaped to Shanghai. After the yeshiva was relocated in New York, he was appointed Rosh Yesihva.

    Rabbi Yehoshua Moshe Orenstein, author of Yam HaTalmud.

    Yood Aleph Adar - יא אדר starts Evening of March 3 2023

    Rabbi Moshe Pardo, founder of Or Hachaim Seminary in Bnei Brak.

    Rabbi Pinchas Hager of Borsha (1869-1941). He was raised not only by his father, the Imrei Baruch of Vizhnitz, but also by his grandfather, Rabbi Menachem Mendel, the Tzemach Tzaddik of Vizhnitz. When he was only eighteen, Rabbi Pinchas was thrust into the position of a rebbe in Borsha, a town on the Vishiva River by the foot of the Carpathians. Borsha was one of the 160 Jewish communities of the approximately 500-square kilometer Maramures (Marmerosh) district of northwestern Romania. After the outbreak of the First World War, the Rebbe fled to Budapest, and then to Vishiva abd Sighet after the war. In 1926, his son, Rabbi Alter Menachem Mendel succeeded him as rebbe in Borsha. He and his two brothers perished in the Holocaust.

    Rabbi Yosef Adler, the Turda Rabbi (1977). Turda is a city with a history of over 2000 years. It is famous for its salt mine (Salina Turda), whose origins date back to the Roman times. In June 1942, following impressive German victories in Russia and following the Romanian army's advance in the Caucasus, Antonescu agreed to implement the 'Final Solution' with regard to Romanian Jews. The first transports were to depart from southern Transylvania, from the districts of Arad, Timisoara, and Turda.

    Rabbi Chaim David Halevy (1924-1998). Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv for the last 25 years of his life, he was known to many as the author of the multi volume responsa Aseh Lecha Rabbi, on many contemporary halachic and hashkafic issues, and a six-volume halachic work entitled Mekor Chaim.

    Yood Bet Adar - יב אדר starts Evening of March 4 2023

    Rabbi Yehuda HeChasid (1150-1217), author of Sefer Chasidim. His father, Rabbi Shmuel (1120-1175), led a famous yeshivah in Speyer, and served as Rabbi Yehuda’s rebbe. Some say his Hilula is 8 Adar).

    Rabbi Moshe Langner, the fifth Strettiner Rebbe (1959). Born to Rabbi Yehuda Hersch Rebbe in the town of Strettin. In 1921, he moved the family from Galicia to Toronto.

    Rabbi Shmuel Strashon of Vilna, the Rashash (1885).

    Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (1895-1986). Born in Uzda (near Minsk), Belorussia, he was the son of Rabbi Dovid Feinstein, who was a grandchild of the Be'er Hagolah. His mother was Feige Gittel, daughter of Rabbi Yechiel, rov of Kopolia. He joined the yeshiva of Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer in Slutzk at the age of twelve. At the age of sixteen, Rabbi Moshe completed Shas and Shulchan Oruch. He was rabbi of Lyuban from 1921 to 1936. He escaped the Stalinist regime in 1936 and settled in New York as rosh yeshiva of Tiferes Yerushalayim. He authored Igros Moshe, Darash Moshe, and Dibros Moshe.

    Yood Gimmel Adar יג אדר starts Evening of March 5 2023

    {In 2018 the morning of February 28 is the Fast of Esther.}

    Rabbi Ze’ev Wolf of Zhitomer (1800), student of the Maggid of Mezeitch, author of Or Hameir, one of the early foundation texts of Chassidus.

    Rabbi Shimon Schwab (1908-1995). Born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Rabbi Schwab learned at Mir and Telz before becoming dayan in Darmstadt and Rabbi in the district of Ichenhausen in Bavaria. Escaping nazi Germany in 1936, Rav Schwab served as Rabbi in Baltimore, then in New York in the Washington Heights area, following Rabbi Joseph Breuer.

    Rabbi Menashe Frankel of Lizhensk (1903-1965). Born in Yadlowa in eastern Galicia to Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Frankel, Rabbi of the town. He married the daughter of Rabbi Yechezkel HaLevy Landau, Rabbi of Lizhensk and remained in Lizhensk. He was elected Dayan, and when his father-in-law was nifter in 1938, he became Rabbi of the city. Lizhensk was one of the first cities to fall to the Nazis in 1939. Rabbi Menashe escaped, but was sent to Siberia , then to Uzbekistan (Buchara). He settled in new York in 1948 and founded his own congregation, Ateres Shlomo.

    Rabbi Yaakov Asher Kopf (1955-2005), grandson of the Lelover Rebbe, Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Biderman.

    Yood Dalet Adar - יד אדר starts Evening of March 6 2023

    This is Purim.

    Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kaidanover of Vilna and Frankfurt (1712), author of Kav Hayashar.

    Rabbi Yosef Leifer of Pittsburgh, the Tzidkas Yosef (1891-1966). Born to Rabbi Ber of Satmar, Rabbi Yosef was a descendant of Rabbi Meir HaGadol of Premishlan. After marrying and living in Krula for seven years, he traveled to America in 1924 to raise funds for his orphaned sisters (his father died when Rabbi Yosef was 15 years old). One of his stops was Pittsburgh, and he decided to stay. His brothers, Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Shalom, also came to America, taking positions in Cleveland and Brighton Beach, respectively. His youngest son, Yitzchak Eizik, passed away when he was elevn. Two other sons, Rabbi Yissachar Ber and Rabbi Mordechai were murdered by the Nazis in 1944. Only his oldest son, Rabbi Avraham Abba, escaped and succeeded him after his petira. Rabbi Avraham Abba moved to Eretz Yisrael in 1970 and founded Yeshivas Tzidkas Yosef in Ashdod.

    Rabbi Chaim Kamil (1933-2005), Rosh Yeshivas Ofakim, one of the prime builders of Torah in the Negev. As a bachur, he learned in Yeshiva Slobodka in Yerushalayim. Following his marriage to the daughter of Rabbi Mordechai Porush, he learned at the Mir and became a talmid muvhak of Rabbi Chaim Shmuelevitz. After many years, he was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of Me’or Einayim of Rachmistrivka in Yerushalayim, and from 1979 at Ofakim. He was survived by his daughter.

    Tet Vav Adar - טו אדר starts Evening of March 7 2023

    This is Shushan Purim

    Rabbi Shalom Charif (1825). Having learned under Rabbi Pinchas Halevi Horowitz (the Baal Haflaah) in Frankfurt for many years, Rabbi Shalom became Rabbi and Rosh Yeshiva in Ansbach, a town in Bavaria, Germany. He later moved to Hungary and served as Rabbi in Stampen, Frauenkirchen, and Lankenbach. Only one of his manuscripts, Divrei Rash, on several mesechtas, has been published.

    Rabbi Eliezer [Eleazar] Menachem Mendel Biederman (1827-1883), Lelover Rabbi in Yerushalayim, the son of Rabbi Moshe Biederman.

    Rabbi Yitzchak Friedman of Boyan (1849-1917), founder of the Boyaner Chasidim, author of Pachad Yitzchak. He was the third son of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov of Sadigora, the son of Rabbi Yisrael of Rizhin. (17 Adar according to Yated 2007 and 2008)

    Rabbi Pinchas Menachem Alter, the Pnei Menachem of Ger (1926-1996). The fifth son of Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter (the Imrei Emes), Rabbi Pinchas was born in the resort town of Palinitz, Poland when his father was 60 years old. Along with his father and other family members, he escaped to Erezt Yisrael during World War II. In 1946, he married his cousin, and two years later, his father passed away. Three of the Imrei Emes’ sons became Rebbe of Ger: Rabbi Yisrael (the Beis Yisrael, nifter 1977), Rabbi Simcha Bunim (the Lev Simcha, nifter 1992), and Rabbi Pinchas Menachem (the Pnei Menachem). However, Rabbi Pinchas Menachem was Rosh Yeshiva of Sefas Emes of Ger in Yerushalayim from the time he was 30, and was head of Agudas Yisrael after the petria of Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Levine.

    Tet Zion Adar I - טז אדר starts Evening of March 8 2023

    Rabbi Chaim Davidson (1760-1854). Born in Pinchov, he lost his father at an early age. Soon after his bar mitzvah, the Warsaw gevir, Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Tzinimer, made the shidduch for Rabbi Chaim to marry his daughter Rochel. Rabbi Chaim moved to Warsaw, making it his home for the next 80 years. When Hoffmann, the chief Prussian administrator of Warsaw, insisted that every Jew adopt a surname for use on official documents 1795, Reb Chaim took the name Davidson, in honor of his father. In addition to studying at the yeshiva of the Nesivos in Lissa, Rabbi Chaim often visited and studied with Rabbi Akiva Eiger. In the early 1800s, the Jewish population of Warsaw was skyrocketing, largely because of refugees coming in from the Ukraine and other places. From 2,519 Jews in 1765, the Jewish presence shot up to 15,000 by 1816. In 1802, the maskilim were numerous enough to open their own shul, which they named the "German Synagogue." After 1815 when Russia annexed Warsaw, a deadly partnership developed between the autonomous Polish government and Haskala Jews. An edict in 1821 decreed the abolition of the kehillos, and substituted them with "Congregational Boards" consisting of the rav, his assistant, and three trustees. In 1822, Rabbi Chaim was chosen as one of Warsaw's three trustees and held this position for two years. After the passing of the Chemdas Shlomo in 1839, a council appointed Rabbi Chaim to be the new Rabbi of Warsaw. Thereafter, his wealthy son, Rabbi Naftali, supplied him with funds to continue the numerous chesed projects he had financed while he himself was a wealthy man.

    Rabbi Shimon Sofer, Rabbi and Av Beis Din of Cracow (1821-1883). Born in Pressburg, the second son of the Chasam Sofer.

    Rabbi Yisrael Ze’ev Mintzberg (Minzberg) (1962), Av Beis Din of K'hal Chassidim (or K’hal Masmidim) in Yerushalayim.

    Rabbi Avraham Menachem Danziger, the ninth Admor of Alexander (1921-2005). The earliest Chasidim of Alexander followed Rav Shraga Feivel of Gritza (d. 1848) who was a close talmid of Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa. After Rabbi Shraga petira, they followed Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vorki. After his petira in 1864, they followed Rabbi Yechiel (1828-1894), the son of Rabbi Shraga Feivel. He set up court in Alexander near Lodz, Poland. Rabbi Yechiel had 3 sons. One of them, Rabbi Yerachmiel Yisrael Yitzchak, led the Alexander Chassidim from 1894 to 1910 and was the mechaber of Yismach Yisrael. After his passing, his younger brother, Rabbi Shmuel Tzvi (the Tiferes Shmuel) led the court until 1924. The third brother, Rabbi Betzalel Yair, followed. Rabbi Shmuel Tzvi’s son, Rabbi Yitzchak, took over leadership until the Holocaust. The Alexander Chassidim, which outnumber all others in Europe except for Ger, all but perished. The broken pieces were put together by Rabbi Yehuda Moshe, son-in-law of Rabbi Betzalel Yair; he had departed Poland for Eretz Yisrael in 1934. Of his 9 sons, only one survived., Rabbi Avraham Menachem. He was survived by 3 sons, 4 daughters, and thousands of pages of chidushei Torah yet to be published.

    Yood Zion Adar - יז אדר starts Evening of March 9 2023

    Rabbi Alexander Ziskind, (1700-1794) born in Brzhen, but lived most of his life in Horodna (Grodno, Belarus), Lithuania, the product of the teaching of Rabbi Aryeh Leib Epstein, Rabbi of Nikolsberg. He authored the mussar work, Yesod V'shoresh Ha'avoda, which contains how one should behave every hour of the day and kavanos for tefillos and mitvos, as well as Karnei Ohr, a commentary on the Zohar.

    Rabbi Chanoch Henoch HaKohen (1798-1870), Alexander Rebbe. He was a disciple of Rabbi Simcha Bunam of Pshis'cha, Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk and the Chidushei Harim.

    Rabbi Nachum Mordechai Friedman (1946), Tchortkover Rebbe.

    Rabbi Yechezkel Levenstein, mashgiach of Ponevezh (1885-1974). Born in Warsaw in 1896 to Osminer Chassidim, he he lost his mother at age 5. At 13, he joined the yeshiva at Lomza. Early in life, he moved to Radin to learn with the Chafetz Chaim. There, he met the mashgiach, Rabbi Yerucham Levovitz, who was a talmid of the Alter of Kelm. He then learned in Kelm, where he was fortunate to enjoy the close attention of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Broide (son-in-law of the Alter), at whose table he ate his Shabbos meals. In 1919, while Rabbi Yeruchom was serving as mashgiach, the Mirrer Yeshiva was exiled from its hometown of Mir, Poland, into Russia and then to Vilna. Rabbi Chatzkel, who was then learning in Mir, was asked by the rosh yeshiva, Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, to supervise the yeshiva's spiritual welfare until Rabbi Yeruchom returned. Rabbi Chatzkel was approached by Rabbi Aharon Kotler, who headed Yeshivas Eitz Chaim in Kletsk, to come and serve as mashgiach ruchani in his yeshiva. Rabbi Chatzkel accepted. In 1935, he moved to Eretz Yisrael to serve as mashgiach of Yeshivas Lomza in Petach Tikvah, which was headed by Rabbi Reuven Katzl, but he moved back to serve as mashgiach in Mir after the petira of Rabbi Yerucham. After 2 years in America, he served as mashgiach at the Mir in Israel, then upon the passing of Rabbi Dessler at Ponevezh.

    Rabbi Moshe Weber (1914-2000) would go to the Western Wall from his home in Meah Shearim nearly every day to pray and to help visitors wrap tefillin. Less publicly, he distributed enormous sums of tzedakah to the city's poor. The Lubavitcher Rebbe said of him that he is one of the holiest and kindest people in the world. He published several volumes of Torah insights in Yarim Moshe. There is an ongoing periodical of his teachings distributed weekly called Shemu V'Techi Nafshechem, which also offers for sale his audio recordings.

    Yitzchak Shlomo Zilberman (1928-2001).

    Yood Chet Adar יח אדר starts Evening of March 10 2023

    Rabbi Dovid of Dinov (1874), father of Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Shapira. Rabbi Dovid was the author of Tzemach Dovid and the son of Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech, the Bnei Yissoschar.

    Rabbi Meir Yechiel Haldshtok, founder of the court of Ostrovtze (1851-1928). A talmid of Rabbi Elimelech of Grodzinsk, a scion of the Kozhnitzer dynasty. Ostrovtze was one of two courts in Poland known for their yeshivos and high level of learning; the other was Sochatchov. Rabbi Meir Yechiel’s intricate sermons, which drew heavily on gematria, came to be known as "Ostgrovotze pshetlach." They have been collected in Meir Einei Chachamim, and his teachings on Bereishis in Ohr Torah.

    Rabbi Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld (1848-1832) , av beis din and Rav of Yerushalayim before the State of Israel was established.

    Rabbi Yehuda Greenwald, Av Bais Din of Satmar, author of Shevet MiYehuda.

    Rabbi Shmuel Engel (1853-1935). Born in Tarno, Galicia. Rav of Radomishla (Radimishla) from 1888. Authored Sheilos Uteshuvas Maharash.

    Rabbi Yitzchak Kalish, Amshenover Rebbe, New York (1993). Son of Rabbi Yosef Kalish of Amshinov, grandson of Rabbi Menachem Kalish of Amshinov.

    Rabbi Yaakov Chaim Jofen (Yaffen) (1917-2003). Rosh Yeshiva of Beis Yosef and the son of Rabbi Avraham Jofen, the son-in-law of the Alter of Novardok. Following his bar mitzvah he studied at Baranovich for one year under Rabbi Dovid Rapaport, and then for a year under Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman. During these two years he lived with his uncle, the mashgiach, Rabbi Yisrael Yaakov Lubchansky. Later he returned to Bialystok to study under his father at Yeshivas Beis Yosef. In 1941, he arrived in the U.S. with his father. He began giving shiurim that year at Yeshivas Beis Yosef, and continued to do so for the next sixty years.