Hilula and Yartzeit for the Hebrew Month of Adar אדר

These Hilulot are celebrated in both Adar Aleph and Adar Bet when it is a Leap year as it was in the year 5779. This year of 5783 has one month of Adar. [Note:The year 5781 had one month of Adar.]

Caf Adar יט אדר - starts Evening of March 12 2023

Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk, author of Noam Elimelech, (1717-1787). Learned under the Maggid of Mezritch. Among his students were Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apta, The Chozeh of Lublin, the Maggid of Kozhnitz, and Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Rimanov.

Rabbi Yitzchak Elchonon Spector, rabbi of Kovno (1817-1896), lived in Kovno 1866-1896. The 3rd son of Rabbi Yisrael Isser ben Elchonon, the rabbi of the Lithuanian town of Roush, located in the Grodno district. After he married (to Sara Raizel), he moved to Volkovisk where his father-in-law comfortably supported him. The rabbi in Volkovisk at that time was Rabbi Binyamin Diskin. A great luminary in and of himself, he was also famous for his illustrious son, Rabbi Yoshua Leib Diskin, the rabbi of Brisk, who later moved to Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi Binyamin Diskin was so impressed with Yitzchak Elchonon that he set up a special chavrusa to study with him Choshen Mishpot two hours a day. In 1837, when he was 20 years old, he accepted the offer to become rabbi of the small village of Zebelen, and then became rabbi in Baraze in 1839. He became rabbi of Novardok in 1851 and rabbi of Kovno in 1864. He held the position in Kovno for 32 years. He authored Be’er Yitzchak and Eyn Yitzchak (both teshuvos) and Nachal Yitzchak on Choshen Mishpat.

Rabbi Itzele Ponevezher (1919), Rosh Yeshiva in Slabodka and Ponevezh.

Rabbi Moshe Shmuel Glasner (1924), a great-grandson of the Chasam Sofer, was born in Pressburg and later moved with his family to Klausenberg, where his father served as Rabbi. Rabbi Moshe succeeded his father in that post in 1878. His best known work is Dor Revi'i on Tractate Chullin, in which he explains those places where Rambam's understanding differs from that of other Rishonim.

Rabbi Shlomo Yosef Zevin (1976), editor of the Talmudical Encyclopedia.

Rabbi Yitzchak Horowitz of Stetchin (1862-1940). His father was a direct descendent of Rabbi Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, and his uncle was the Imrei Noam of Dzikov. Rabbi Yitzchak was succeeded by his son Rabbi Yehuda, who moved to New York before passing away in 1982.

Tchaber Rabbi of London (1989).

Mr. Avraham Dov Kohn, Principal of Gateshead Seminary.

Rabbi Doniel Schur (2006). A strong presence in Cleveland’s Jewish community as a Rabbi, mohel, and educator. He was appointed Rabbi of Beth Midrash Hagadol-Heights Jewish Center.

Caf Aleph Adar- כ אדר starts Evening of March 13 2023

Rabbi Yaakov of Novominsk (1902). Father of Rabbi Yehuda Aryeh Perlow of Vlodova (1878-1961) and Rabbi Alter Yisrael Shimon Perlow of Novominsk.

Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829-1908). Born in Bobroysk, author of the Aruch Hashulchan, Rabbi of Novardok for 34 years, father of Rabbi Baruch HaLevy Epstein (author of Torah Temima) and grandfather of Rabbi Meir Bar-Ilan, with whom he learned in Novardok.

Rabbi Eliezer Dovid of Radoshitz (1927).

Rabbi Avraham Dov Ber Kahana-Shapiro (1870-1943), Chief Rabbi of Kovno before and during World War II. Born in Kobrin on Yom Kippur, his father, Shlomo Zalman was a descendant of Rabbi Chaim Volozhiner. Rabbi Avraham attended the Volozhin Yeshiva. He was president of the Agudas Ha-Rabbanim of Lithuania and came to the US in March 1924 with Rabbi Kook and Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Epstein, to collect funds for Torah institutions in Israel and Europe. He died in the Slobodka ghetto on. His piskei halacha can be found in the sefer Dvar Avraham.

Rabbi Reuven Grozovsky (1896-1958), Rosh Yeshivas Kamenitz and Torah Vodaas. Successor of Rabbi Baruch Ber Lebowitz at Kaminetz. When Rabbi Reuevn was a young man studying in the Slobodka Yeshiva, his father, the Dayan of Minsk, passed away. His colleagues at Slobodka included Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi Ruderman, Rabbi Yaakov Kaminetsky, Rabbi Aharon Kotler and Rabbi Yitzchak Hutner.

Rabbi Yisrael Moshe Dushinsky (1921-2003). Born in Chust, Hungary, to Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, Rabbi of Chust (later to become Rabbi and Av Beis Din of the Eida Charedis of Yerushalayim), he was his father’s first son, when his father was 50 years old. After many years and many brachos, Rabbi Yosef Tzvi received a bracha from Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga of Shinava, who also gave a him his sefer, Ayalah Sheluchah, printed in the memory of the Shonava Rav’s son, Naftali, who was nifter on the 21st of Kislev, 1864. The following year, on the exact date of Reb Naftali’s yahrtzeit, Yisrael Moshe was born. His middle name was in honor of his great uncle, the Maharam Shick. The family moved to Eretz Yisrael in Adar of 1930, one month before the petirah of Rabbi Yosef Chaim Zonenfeld. He was married to the daughter of Rabbi Dovid Yehoshua Gross, Rosh Hakohol of the Satmar Kehillah, in 1945. On Erev Sukkos of 1949, his father was niftar, and the 27-year-old Rabbi Yisrael Moshe was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of Dushinsky. In 1969, he was inducted as a member of the Eidah Charedis. He became S’gan Beish Din after the Satmar Rebbe’s petira and the Av Beis Din in 1996.

Rabbi Yeshaya Shimonowitz, Rosh Yeshivas Rav Yaakov Yosef, U.S.

Caf Bet of Adar - כג אדר starts Evening of March 14 2023

Rabbi Chaim Cheikel (Chaikel) of Amdur (Indura) (1787). Born to Rabbi Shmuel in Karlin, he was a disciple of the Vilna Gaon, and later became a student of Rabbi Dov Ber, the Maggid of Mazerich. Rabbi Chaim became one of the first Chassidic Admorim in 1772-73. He authotred Chaim Vochesed. Amdur is about 25 miles south of Grodno (Hrodno). Amdur and Grodno are located in the northwest corner of what is now the independent country of Belarus, close to the Lithuanian and Polish borders. During the Cossack revolt of 1648 against Polish landowners and gentry, over 100,000 Jews, mostly in Ukraine and southern Belarus, were murdered. However, the marauders did not advance north to the Grodno region. Jews comprised 80% of the population in Grodno at that time. Rabbi Chaim’s daughter married Moshe, the brother of Aharon, founder of Karlin Hassidism. Rabbi Chaim was succeeded by his son, Rabbi Shmuel of Amdur.

Rabbi Yitzchak Yaakov Rabinowitz of Biala (Divrei Bina) (1905), youngest son of Rebbe Nathan Dovid, son-in-law of Rebbe Yehoshua of Ostrovoh (the Toldos Adam), and great-grandson of Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowitz, the Yid Hakadosh of Peshischa.

Rabbi Raphael Shapiro (1837-1921), the Toras Raphael, rosh yeshivas Volozhin. After the Volozhin Yeshiva was closed down in 1892 by order of the Russian government, he reopened it, on a smaller scale in 1899. He was also a son-in-law of the Netziv and the father-In-Law of Rabbi Chaim Soloveichik of Brisk.

Rabbi Michel Dovid Rozovsky (1869-1935). Born in Svarjen, near Stoibetz, he learned in Mir and Volozhin. After his marriage, he was appointed Rabbi in Grodna, in which capacity he remained for 40 years. He was the father of three sons: Rabbi Yehoshua Heschel, who served as Rabbi in Grodna, until he was murdered by the Nazis; Rabbi Yosef, who served as Rosh Yeshiva of Ohr Yisrael in Petach Tikva; and Rabbi Shmuel, who would become Rosh Yeshiva in Ponevezh in Bnai Brak.

Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter of Ger (Chidushei HaRim) (1799-1866). The founder of Gerer dynasty, grandfather of Sfas Emes, Reb Yitzchak Meir was able to trace his lineage back to Rabbi Meir ben Baruch (the Maharam) of Rottenberg (1215-1293). His mother, Chaya Sarah, was orphaned early in life and was raised by her relative, the Kozhnitzer Maggid. The Maggid had a great influence on Yitzchak Meir during the latter’s early years. As he grew, he became a disciples of Rebbi Simcha Bunem of Pryschicha and then Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk. At the insistence of the Chassidim, the Rim became leader after the death of the Kotzker. At the first Chassidic gathering over which he presided he declared, "Reb Simchah Bunem led with love, and Rabbi Menachem Mendel with fear. I will lead with Torah!" He had 13 children and outlived them all , a tremendous personal tragedy. Yet, he accepted it all with love.

Rabbi Shlomo Zafrani (1970), born in Aram Soba (Aleppo). He became a close disciple of Rabbi Ezra Sha'in. Together with Rav Moshe Tawil, he founded the Degel HaTorah yeshiva. His community supported him as well as the yeshivah. At the age of 68, he moved to Eretz Yisrael and settled in Tel-Aviv. He lived there for nine years, until his death.

Rabbi Yehuda Moshe Danziger (Danzcyger) (1973), Alexandria Rebbe of Bnai Brak (Emunas Moshe).

Rabbi Yisrael Grossman (1922-2007). Born in the old city of Yerushalayim, Reb Yisrael studied at the yeshiva of Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, where he learned meseches Kiddushin 30 times. He later learned at Yeshivas Kaminetz. After Rabbi Baruch Shimon Schneerson became Rosh Yeshiva in Tchebin, Reb Yisrael replaced him as Rosh Yeshiva in Yeshivas Chabad, where he remained for 30 years. He also served as a dayan for the beis din of Agudas Yisrael for over 40 years and later opened a beis din for monetary laws with Rabbi Betzalel Zolti and helped found Mifal Hashas. He was also very involved with Chinuch Atzmai.

Caf Gimmel Adar - כד אדר starts Evening of March 15 2023

Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik Margulies of Prague (1525).

Rabbi Chaim Algazi of Kushta, author of Nesivos Hamishpot. Student of Rabbi Shlomo Algazi Rabbi of Rhodes. [Dr. Fred Rosner cites Rav Chaim Yitzchak Algazi in Responsa Derech Aitz Chaim].

Rabbi Eliyahu HaKohen Ha'Itamari of Izmir (1650-1729), author of Shevet Mussar (according to some - 22 Adar). He was the son of Rabbi Shlomoh HaKohen the Itamari, whose lineage apparently dates back to Itamar, the son of Aharon HaKohen. In his book, Ve'lo Od Ela, Rabbi Eliyahu describes the earthquake that shook Izmir, on a Shabbos in 1688, and the many miracles that occurred to the Jews of the city. All of the synagogues and batei medrash in the city remained intact, while all of the Moslem mosques collapsed. An hour after the earthquake, a huge fire burst forth and spread throughout the city, destroying what remained of it. However, the fire ceased at the Jewish Quarter, and did not penetrate it. His other works included Me'il Tzeddakah on the importance of giving tzeddakah, Medrash Talpiyot, Yado BaKol, Medrash Eliyahu, Aggadas Eliyahu, a two-volume commentary on the aggados of the Talmud Yerushalmi, Chut shel Chessed on the Chumash, Dana Peshara, on Shir HaShirim, Rus and Esther, almost 40 sefarim in all.

Rabbi Betzalel Yair Danziger of Lodz (1761).

Rabbi Binyamin Diskin of Horodna and Vilna (1844).

Rabbi Yitzchak Meyer of Alesk (1829-1904). Born in Belz to Rabbi Chanoch Henach of Alesk, author of Lev Sameyach, and Rebbetzen Freide, daughter of the Sar Shalom of Belz. After learning with his maternal grandfather, he became a chasid of Rabbi Yisrael of Ruzhin, and later of his son, Rabbi Dovid Moshe of Chortkov. With his father’s petira in 1884, Rabbi Yitzchak became Rabbi in Alesk. He had one daughter, and his son-in-law succeeded him.

Rabbi Shlom Elyashiv (1927), author of Leshem Shevo Ve’achlama.

Rabbi Yitzchak of Stutchin (1940).

Rabbi Chaim Osher of Radoshitz (1941).

Rabbi Yehoshua Menachem Ehrenberg (1904-1976). Born in Kemesce, Hungary. In 1921, he moved to Tarnow to learn in the yeshiva of Rav Meir Arik. Living in Cracow, Rabbi Ehrenberg published his first sefer, Rashei Besamim on the Rokeach, in 1937. During WWII, he was interned in the Cracow ghetto. He was included in the “Kastner train,” escaping to Switzerland. In 1945, he moved to Yerushalayim. In November of 1947, he heeded to request of Rav Herzog to be the Chief Rabbi of the internment camp on Cyprus; he stayed until the camp was entirely dismantled and came back to Eretz Yisrael on the last ship. He was appointed Av Beis Din in Yaffo. When Yaffo was joined to Tel Aviv, he served as a specialist on Gittin, and was widely regarded as the foremost posek in this area. He wrote the sefer Teshuvos Dvar Yehoshua.

Rabbi Gad (Godel) Eisner (1985), taught at the Talmud Torah of Rabbi Gershon Eliyahu Liz in Lodz before WWII, and for many years as maggid shiur and Mashgiach ruchani at Yeshivas Chidushei haRim in tel Aviv.

Caf Dalet Adar- כה אדר starts Evening of March 16 2023

Rabbi Gershon Kitover (1696-1761), brother-in-law of the Baal Shem Tov. His father, Efrayim, was a Rabbi and Av Beis Din in one of the four batei din in Brody, Poland. In 1747, he moved to Eretz Yisrael (becoming the first of the talmidim of the Besht to do so), living first in Chevron and then in Yerushalayaim.

Rabbi Menachem Mendel Hager (1885-1941). Rebbe of Vizhnitz for fourteen years. He published a monthly journal "Degel HaTorah."

Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael Fischer (1925-2003), head of the Eidah HaHareidis Rabbinical Court in Yerushalayim. Rabbi Fischer was born in Yerushalayim on the 21st of Tamuz, the day that Yisrael Yaakov Dehaan was killed in what many said was the first political assassination in modern Israeli history. Dehaan changed his lifestyle and became a chareidi Jew, and Rabbi Aharon Fischer named his newborn son Yaakov Yisrael after him. Rabbi Aharon’s father was Rabbi Shlomo, av beis din of Karlsburg, Hungary, and author of Neiros Shlomo and Korbanei lachmi. Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael learned at Etz Chaim under Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer, who became his chavrusa. In 1961, he was appointed moreh hora’ah in the Eidah Hachareidis, and in 1975 he joined its beis din. In 1963, he was appointed Rabbi of the Zichron Moshe shul, a position he kept for 40 years.

Rebbetzin Zahava Braunstein (2005).

Caf Hey Adar- כו אדר starts Evening of March 17 2023

Rabbi Eli (Eliyahu) Chaim Carlebach (1989). Rabbi Citron's father-in-law, twin brother of singer Shlomo Carlebach and person for whom Aaron Gross's son is named.

Sarah Schenirer (1935), mother of the Bais Yaakov movement.

Rabbi Eliezer Lippa (1813), the son of Rav Elimelech of Lizhensk.

Rabbi Avraham Chaim Brim of Yerushalayim (2002).

Caf Vav Adar- כז אדר starts Evening of March 18 2023

Tzedkiah (561 BCE), last king of Yehuda, died in captivity, in Bavel. [Hamodia 2005 says 396 BCE; Hamodia 2006 says 380 BCE].

Rabbi Yosef Shaul ben Aryeh Leibush HaLevi Nathanson (1810-1875). Born in Brezhan, he was married at the age of 16 to Rebbetzen Sara Eidel, daughter of Rabbi Yitzchak Aharon Intinge of Lvov and grand-daughter of Rabbi Mordechai Zev Orenstein, the Rabbi of Lvov. Her uncle was Rabbi Yaakov Orenstein, the Yeshuos Yaakov. Reb Yosef Shaul became very close to his brother-in-law, Rabbi Mordechai Zev Intinge, and together they authored several sefarim including Meforshei Hayam and Magen Giborim on Tur and Shulchan Aruch, Me’iras Eynayim on hilchos bedikas hareiah, and Ner Maaravi on the Yerushalmi. Many years before he became Rabbi, he founded a yeshiva in Lvov whose purpose was to train dayanim and rabbanim. In 1856, he was appointed Rabbi in Lvov, a position he held for almost 20 years. Sadly, his Rebbetzen was niftar in 1857. He married one year later but was never zocheh to have children with either wife. He founded a communal kitchen, and he himself would walk around town collecting tzedaka from the city gevirim. For this tzedaka, he wanted to take an active role. He is most famous for his sefer Sheilos uteshuvos Hashoel Umaishiv, but he authored many other sefarim, including Divrei Shaul on the Hagadadah, Divrei Shaul Yosef Daas, Yodos Nedarim, Divrei Shaul al Hatorah, and Divrei Shaul al Aggados haShas. He also authored a kuntres entitled Bitul Modaa, in which he argued that machine-made matzos are more mehudar than hand matzos. [Hamodia 2007 states his yahrtzeit is 26 Adar].

Rabbi Yeshayah Schorr (1879). His primary teacher was Rabbi Mordechai of Kremnitz, the son of the Maggid of Zlotchov. Rabbi Schorr's last rabbinical post, and the one for which he is best remembered, was in Iasi (on the present-day border between Rumania and Moldova). His best know sefer is Klil Tiferes on chumash.

Rabbi Moshe Meir Rosenstein of Berditchev (1821-1902). A chassid of the Rizhuner Rebbe in his youth, Rabbi Moshe Meir moved to Eretz Yisral and settled in Tzefas in 1853, living there for several decades. At the end of his life, he settled in Teveria. His insights have been published recently in a sefer called Avodas HaLevi’im.

Rabbi Shlomo Elyashiv (1841-1925). He was a great Kabbalist whose vast knowledge of all aspects of Torah and exceptional ability to clarify complicated concepts resulted in a few several Kabbalistic works, including Drushei Olam HaTohu (“Dayah”) and Hakdamos V’Sha’arim (“HaKadosh”). More recently, the more philosophical and less Kabbalistically technical sections of his works were assembled into a single book called Leshem Shevo Ve'achlama.

Rabbi Moshe Neuschloss, av beis din of New Square. New Square is the anglicized form of Skvira, a village in Ukraine, where the Skver Hasidim dynasty of Chasidism had its roots. The community began in 1954, when twenty Skver families moved from Williamsburg to a 130 acre farm north of Spring Valley, under the leadership of their Rebbe Rav Yakov Yosef Twersky. In 1961 New Square became the first village in New York state to be governed by a religious group. Over the years annexations have increased its size. Its population increased 78% between 1990 and 2000.

Rabbi Chaim Sinuani (1898-1979). Born in Sinuan, Yemen, to Chacham Yichya, of the eminent Bida family. As a youth, he left home for Jabal, to study in the yeshiva of Rabbi Shlomo ben Yosef Tabib and Rabbi Dovid Ya’ish Chadad. Both of the roshei yeshiva passed away in 1919. In 1921, at the age of only 23, Rabbi Chaim became Rabbi and Av Beis Din of Sinuan. He and his family participated in Operation Magic Carpet in 1949. He is buried in Yehud.

Rabbi Yisrael Bergstein (1912-1998), born in the Lithuanian city of Suvalk, studied in Grodno under Rabbi Shimon Shkop and Rav Chaim Shmuelevitz from age 11, then at age 14, under Rabbi Avraham Grodzinsky and the Alter of Slabodka at Chevron. Taught at Chafetz Chaim in Baltimore and founded a yeshiva in White Plains.

Caf Zion Adar- כז אדר starts Evening of March 19 2023

There are no known Tzadikim who left this day. It is recommended that one connect with the Tzadikim that have left on dates that we do not know. There is a link to find these Names of Tzadikim - http://www.yeshshem.com//Hilulaunknown.htm.

Caf Chet Adar- כח אדר starts Evening of March 20 2023

Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Klein (Kellin) of Boskowitz (1738-1827), author of Machtzis Hashekel, a super-commentary on the Magen Avraham on the Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim [Hamodia 2006 and 2007 says 1 Nissan].

Rabbi Moshe Chevroni (1986), rosh yeshiva of Chevron.

Rabbi Yechiel Michel Gutfarb (2002), gabbai tzedaka of Yerushalayim.

Rabbi Mordechai of Lecovitz (1837-1916), the father of the Slonim Chassidic dynasty, immigrated to Chevron in 1844.

Caf Tet Adar- כט אדר starts Evening of March 21 2023

Rabbeinu Yitzchak ben Rabbeinu Asher (1196), and grandson of the Riva, was murdered with numerouis other Jews because of a blood libel.

Rabbi Shlomo HaCohen Rabinowitz of Radomsk (1801 or 1803-1866), first Rebbe of the Radomsk dynasty, he first took the position of Rav of Radomsk in 1842. He was the author of Tiferes Shlomo on Chumash and the moadim.

Rabbi Chaim Shmuel Birnbaum (1887), son-in-law of Rav Akiva Eiger and author of Maseh Choshev.

Rav Chaim Welfried of Lodz (1942).

Rabbi Yaakov Kamenetsky (1891-1986). Born on the 21 Adar, in Dolhinov, he left for Minsk at the age of 11. Among his friends there were the future Rabbi Reuven Grozovsky, and the young Aaron Kotler. Shortly after Pesach in 1905, Reb Yaakov and Reb Aaron traveled to Slobodka to learn under the supervision of the Alter of Slobodka. Reb Yaakov also learned in Slutzk. During World War I he took refuge in Lomza in the yeshiva of Reb Yechiel Michel Gordon. On 22 Sivan, 1919, he married the Rebbetzin Ita Ettel. On 11th Av 1937, he left for America. In 1945, he accepted the request of Reb Shraga Feivel Mendelovitz that he take up the position of rosh yeshiva in Mesivta Torah Vodaas, a position he kept for the rest of his life. His chidushim were printed in his seforim Emes LeYaakov, on Torah and on Shas. As he requested, he was buried in Brooklyn, since he pointed out that most of his family live in America and would not always be able to travel to his kever in Eretz Yisrael. From this, his last request we learn yet another chapter of his feelings for others.

Dr. Joseph Kaminetsky (1911-1999). Born in Brooklyn, he attended Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin, and later Talmudical Academy High School on East Broadway. After high school, he became a member of the very first class of Yeshiva College, from which he graduated magna cum laude in 1932. He later earned his doctorate in education from Teachers College at Columbia University. When he began his tenure at Torah Umesorah, the National Society for Hebrew Day Schools, in 1946, he set as his goal that every town and city with a Jewish population of at least 5,000 have a Jewish day school. In those days, there was only a handful of yeshivos and day schools; there are now 600 such schools with 170,000 students all over the United States. In 1980, he retired and moved to Yerushalayim, to devote himself to full-time learning.

Lamed Adar - ל אדר When there is no Lamed Adar as in this year of 5783 the Tzadikim with a Hilula of the 30th are celebrated as of the 29th of Adar.

Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac of Zhidachov (1804-1872), a descendent of the Tosfos Yomtov and the nephew and successor of Rabbi Zvi Hirsch of Zhidachov. One of his four sons became the first Rebbe of Komarna dynasty.