Elul is an acronym for the phrase Ani Ledodi V'dodi Li. This phrase translates as "I am to my beloved as my beloved is to me." The Kabbalists teach us that this is describing a lowering of HaShem (coming closer to our physical world) to make it easier for us to do Teshuvah (return to HaShem and make amends for our mistakes and wrong actions).
Here are examples of all 4 sounds. The Tekia; Shevarim; Teruah; and the Tekia Gedolah. We hope you will return to this page during the month of Elul (from the second to the twenty eight) and listen to the sounds of the Shofar. The purpose is to awaken us to reflect on our past year's actions and do Teshuvah in preparation for the coming year.
For those of you interested in learning more about the coming year click here
|Days of the month of Elul|
|RC Bet||Day 2 - ב||Day 3 - ג||Day 4 - ד||Day 5 - ה||Day 6 - ו||Day 7 - ז||Day 8 - ח||Day 9 - ט||Day 10 - י|
|Day 11 - יא||Day 12 - יב||Day 13 - יג||Day 14 - יד||Day 15 - טו||Day 16 - טז||Day 17 - יז||Day 18 - יח||Day 19 - יט||Day 20 - כ|
|Day 21 - כא||Day 22 - כב||Day 23 - כג||Day 24 - כד||Day 25 - כה||Day 26 - כו||Day 27 - כז||Day 28 - כח||Day 29 - כט|
Per the sages, it is good just to say the Name of a Tzadik. Of course the more one learns about each individual Tzadik strengthens one's connection to that Tzadik and assists in the Channel of connection between you and he/she. As we develop more information about a particular Tzadik his or her name will appear as a Link. Otherwise it will just be listed below the date.
One spiritual ritual recommended by Rabbi Nachman of Breslov is to say the Names of the Tzadikim starting with Adam and Chava and continuing until today. This list will be added as a link when it is available. In the meantime try doing this ritual with the Names of all the Tzadikim who passed in an Hebrew month.
Here is a link to make a donation or to purchase a spiritual gift to help support the building of this list.
Rabbi David HaNagid (1300 which is 5060 - ס in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Avraham ben Rambam.
Rabbi Chanoch Henoch Dov of Alesk ben Rabbi Shmuel (1884 which is 5644 - תרמד in the Hebrew Calendar), He was known as the Lev Sameach (Happy Heart). He was a son-in-law of the Sar Sholom of Belz in his first marriage. In his second marriage he was a son-in-law of Rabbi Meir ben Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev.
Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook was born in Latvia in 1865 of Chassidic and Mittnagdic stock and passed in Israel in 1935 (which is 5695 תשצה in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine, and the founder of the Religious Zionist Yeshiva Merkaz HaRav. He studied all aspects of Torah and Kabbalah, and retained throughout his life a unique blend of the mystical and the rational. Significantly, he brought to bear the entire tradition upon the contemporary scene. He saw the return to Eretz Yisrael as not merely a political phenomenon to save Jews from persecution, but an event of extraordinary historical and mystical significance. Though keenly aware of the huge numbers of non-observant Jews, he had a vision of the repentance of the nation. His concept of repentance envisioned in addition to the repentance of the individual, a repentance of the nation as a whole; a repentance which would be joyous and healing. He was one of the most celebrated and influential rabbis of the 20th century, including giving permission to Rabbi Yehuda Ashlag to start the Yeshiva that eventually became the Kabbalah Learning Centre of today. He wrote more than 30 books, of which two have been translated into English: "War and Peace: The Teachings of HaRav Kook" and "The Art of T'Shuva : The Teachings of HaRav Kook". He said: ''Rooted in kabbalistic literature is the understanding that Hebrew letters are the atoms and building blocks of the soul. When a Jew comes to live in Israel, his small individual letters expand to become the gigantic letters of the whole Jewish nation.'' He is known in Hebrew as הרב אברהם יצחק הכהן קוק HaRav Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, and by the acronym הראיה (HaRaAYaH), or simply as "HaRav."
Rabbi Yitzhak Ben Rabbi Avraham Shlomo He was the Head of the Bet Din in Gadid. He died in 5680 - תרפ which is 1920 in the Georgian Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energy of Nakedness and Weakness.
Rabbi Yaacov Mizrachi He is a Sephardic Sage with the title "HaTorah B'Israel" (The Torah in Israel). His year of Hilula is 5740 - תשמ which is 1980 in the Georgian Calendar. This year of Hilula includes the essence of life called breathing.
Rabbi Yitzchak Bar Sheshes, the Rivash (1408 which is 5168 in the Hebrew Calendar).He was born at Valencia and settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha-Kohen, under Hasdai ben Judah, and especially under R. Nissim ben Reuben (known as the RaN), for whom he professed throughout his life the greatest veneration. He became known as a Talmudic authority and is studied as a Sephardic Talmudic authority.
While young Isaac acquired a world-wide reputation as a Talmudic authority, and halakic inquiries were addressed to him from all quarters. Generally he led a private life, earning his livelihood in commerce until he was about fifty years old, when he was compelled to accept a position as a rabbi. Together with six other prominent men of Barcelona, among whom was his younger brother Judah ben Sheshet and his teacher Nissim ben Reuben, he was thrown into prison on a false accusation. After his acquittal he accepted the rabbinate of Saragossa. While Rabbi in Saragossa, there was conflict stirred up by the dayyan Joseph ben David. As a consequence he accepted the less important rabbinate of Calatayud; but when he was on the point of leaving Saragossa the leaders of that community induced him to stay. The peace, however, did not remain long undisturbed, and Isaac settled at Valencia, where he directed a Talmudical school.
In 1391 occurred the great persecutions of the Jews of Spain in consequence of the preaching of Fernandes Martinez. Isaac saved himself by flight. After sojourning a certain time at Miliana he settled at Algiers, where he was received with great honor.
A certain Spanish refugee who had settled at Algiers before him aspired to become the leader of the community, and, seeing in Isaac a rival, began to persecute him. To give to Isaac the power necessary to act against this man, Saul ha-Kohen Astrue persuaded the government to appoint Isaac rabbi of Algiers. But this won for him a still more powerful enemy in the person of Simeon ben Zemah Duran (Rashbaz), who disapproved of any intervention on the part of the government in the affairs of the rabbinate.
Notwithstanding these events, Isaac ben Sheshet was greatly venerated by the Algerian Jews, and pilgrimages to his tomb are still made on the anniversary of his death, which occurred in 1408. His tombstone was restored by the community of Algiers in 1862.
Wikipedia has the following to say about his writings. Isaac was the author of 518 responsa, to which great halakic value is attached by men like Joseph Caro, Jacob Berab, and many others. They are also of great historical importance as reflecting the conditions of Jewish life in the fourteenth century. In some of them are to be found details of the author's life; but unfortunately it is impossible to trace these chronologically, the original order of the responsa having been altered by the editors.
Although Isaac was very strict in his halakic decisions, he was far from being narrow-minded. He has nothing to say against secular knowledge; he disapproves the study of Aristotle only because the latter professed belief in the eternity of matter and denied God's providence. Isaac's responsa evidence a profound knowledge of the philosophical writings of his time. In one of them (No. 118) He explains the difference between the opinion of Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag) and that of Abraham ben David of Posquières (RABaD) on free will, and gives his own views on that complicated subject. His attitude to kabbalah was ambivalent. He advised against involving oneself with it unless one has received it from an adept; since he had not done so, he wrote, he could not address its claims.
Isaac's responsa were first published, under the title She'elot u-Teshubot, at Constantinople in 1546-47. A newer collection of the responsa was published under the title She'elot u-Teshubot ha-Ribash ha-Ḥadashot by David Frenkl at Muncas. In addition to these, he wrote novellæ on the Talmud which are no longer in existence. They are mentioned by him in his responsa (No. 106), and some of them, on the treatise Ketubot, are cited by Bezalel Ashkenazi in the Shiṭṭah Meḳubbeẓet. Azulai says that he has seen a manuscript containing a commentary on the Pentateuch by Isaac ben Sheshet.
Rabbi Gershon Shaul Yomtov Lipman Heller He was born in1578 which is 5338 שלח in the Hebrew Calendar. His Hilula was 1654 which is 5414 תיד in the Hebrew Calendar. He is the author of the Tosfos Yom Tov which is an in-depth commentary on the Mishneh..
Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Boyan-Lvov HY"D (1942 which is 5702 תשב in the Hebrew Calendar.) ben Rabbi Yitzchok, He is the author of Nachalas Yaakov, He was murdered by the Nazis. The year of his Hilula has the energyof waiting or sitting.
Rabbi Eliezer ben Rabbi Yisroel Hager, the Damesek Eliezer of Vizhnitz (1946 which is 5706 - תשו in the Hebrew Calendar). He is buried on Har Hazeisim.The year of his Hilula has the energy of "His Weakness".
Rabbi Shmuel David Walkin (1979 which is 5739 תשלט in the Hebrew Calendar). was Rav in Shanghai during WWII and later in Queens, NY. He was the son of the Pinsker Rav, the Bais Aharon.
Rabbi Yissochar Bertcha Leifer of Nadvorna (1848 which is 5608 תרח in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Yitzchok of Kalish was a great-grandson of Rabbi Meir "HaGadol" of Premishlan. The year of his Hilulah has the energy of Terach the father of Abraham Avinu. This means that it has the energy of Idol Worship as well as Tshuva for Idol Worship. In Hebrew Terach is used as a colloquial expression of "an old and foolish man". This is also included in the energy of this year.
Rabbi Yitzchok Yeshaya Halberstam HY"D of Tchechoiv (1943 which is 5703 תשג in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the youngest son of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz. This year of his Hilula has the energy of being overtaken or reached.
Rabbi Moshe Friedman HY"D of Boyan-Krakow (1943 which is 5703 תשג in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Sholom Yosef. This year of his Hilula has the energy of being overtaken or reached.
Rabbi Shraga Feivel Mendlowitz (1948 which is 5708 תשח in the Hebrew Calendar) He was the legendary head of Yeshiva Torah Vodaas and founder of Torah Umesorah. He used to ask to be called Mister Mendlowitz, to which one of the great tzadikim said, his name is "Nister" Mendlowitz. Rabbi Moshe Feinstein said that without him there would be no Fear of HaShem in all of America. The year of his Hilula is the same year as the founding of the modern state of Israel.
Rabbi Sholom Eichenstein of Zidichov-Tsfas (1988 which is 5748 תשמחin the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Asher Yeshaya. The year of his Hilula has the energy of Simcha or happyness and joy.
Rabbi Meir Simcha Hakohen of Dvinsk (1926 which is 5686 תרפו in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Shimshon Klonomus. He is the author of Ohr Someach and Meshech Chochma.
Rabbi Aryeh Leib Tumim, He is the author of Gur Aryeh.
Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer. He is the grandfather of the Vilna Gaon.
Rabbi Yechiel Fishel Eisenbach (2008 which is 5768 תשסח in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Rosh Yeshiva of Shaar Hoshamayim, and also he was one of the greatest teachers of the teachings of the Arizal and Rashash. He is the son-in-law of Rabbi Asher Zelig Margolies.
Rabbi Dovid Tzvi Shlomo ben R' Elazar Menachem Mendel Biderman of Lelov (1918 which is 5678 תרעח in the Hebrew Calendar). He is one of the great tzadikim of Yerushalaim and is buried on Har Hazeisim.
Rabbi Moshe Ahron ben Rabbi Chaim Pinto He is a great tzadik who lived in Ashdod.
Rabbi Moshe Idan of Jerba.
Rabbi Yom Tov Lipman Heller (1654 which is 5414 תיד in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Tosfos Yom Tov.
Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum of Sighet ben R' Elazar Nisan, (1883 which is 5643 תרמג in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Yetev Lev, Yetev Ponim, Avnei Tzedek and Rav Tov L'Beis Yisroel. He was a grandson of the Yismach Moshe and grandfather of the Satmar Rebbe. The year of his Hilula is a year of potential completion.
Rabbi Moshe Mintz, He is the author of Shailos U'Tshuvos Maharam Mintz
Rabbi Yechezkel Sarna (1969 which is 5729 תשכט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Rosh Yeshiva of Chevron, great tzadik and talmid of the Chofetz Chaim of Slabodka
Rabbi Meir Zvi Ehrentreu, Manchester Yeshiva Rosh Kollel and Rosh Yeshiva left on 6 Elul 5760/2000 at the age of 70. He was born in Frankfurt in 5690/1930, the son of HaRav Yisroel Ehrentreu, principal of Prestwich Jewish Day School in the U.K. In time, Rabbi Meir Zvi went to England and learned under Harav Moshe Schneider in London and later in the Gateshead Yeshivah. Today there are a handful of large centers of Jewish population in Northern England. Quite rapidly Reb Meir Zvi became known for his outstanding hasmadah, unique character traits and in-depth studying. He married the daughter of Rav Yehuda Zeev Segal. Among his descendents are four sons – his bechor and successor as Rosh Hakollel Rav Moshe Yitzchak, Rav Shloime Zalman, Rav Aharon, and Rav Avraham Ehrentreu of Antwerp. His brother is Rav Yonah Yosef Ehrentreu, the Rav of the Adas Yeshurun community of Bnei Brak.
Rabbi Reuven Margolios, He is the author of Margolios Hayom and many other seforim.
Rabbi Eliyahu, father of the Ben Ish Chai (1859 which is 5619 תריט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the religious leader in Bagdad until this post was taken over by his son.
Rabbi Eliyahu Chaim
Rabbi Aryeh Leib Lopian, Rosh Yeshivas Gateshead
Rabbi Shlomo ben Rabbi Yosef Karo (1889 which is 5649 תרמט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Rav in Saana, Yemen.
Rabbi Michoel Ashkenazi (1889 which is 5649 תרמט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was a Rav in Aram Soba, Syria.
Dan ben Yaakov Avinu This day is also his birthday. HIs gravesite can be visited until today "between Tzor'ah and Eshta'ol" by the present-day road to Beit Shemesh
Rabbi Tzadok ben Rabbi Yaakov HaKohen Rabinowitz of Lublin (1900 which is 5660 - תרס in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Pri Tzaddik, Tzidkas HaTzadik and numerous other seforim. The energy of the year of Hilula is that of a shield.
Rabbi Nachum Mordechai ben Rabbi Alter Yisroel Shimon Perlow of Novominsk (1976 which is 5736 - תשלו in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a descendant, of Ben Acher Ben, from Rabbi Mordechai of Neshchiz. His son, Rabbi Yaakov is the current Novominsker Rebbe. The essence of the year of His death is tranquility and calmness.
Rabbi Yonoson Shteif (1958 which is 5718 - תשיח in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the Viener Rav and a renown posek (Expert). The year of his Hilula has the energy of speaking.
Rabbi Pinchas of Koritz (1790 which is 5550 תקן in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Avraham Abba Shapiro, a descendant of Rabbi Noson Nota Shapiro, the Megaleh Amukos. He was not only one of the greatest talmidim of the Baal Shem Tov, but was also considered a friend of the Baal Shem Tov. His teachings are collected in Medrash Pinchas, Nofes Tzufim and Imrei Pinchas. His talmidim included Rabbi Raphael "der Emesser" of Bershad and the Shpoler Zeide.
R. Pinchas of Kortez, is reported to say about Anger....he wrote, " for many years I wrestled with anger, until I finally conquered him and placed him in my pocket. Now I take him out only when I need him, but I am so angry with him, that I do not ever want to take him out again'
Rabbi Yitzchok of Bohush (1896 which is 5656 - תרנו in the Hebrew Calendar). ben Rabbi Sholom Yosef of Sadiger. The energy of his year of Hilula has both the idea of Touring and being a Mast.
Rabbo Moshe Yehudah Leib of Pashkan (1947 which is 5707 - תשז in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Yitzchok of Bohush. He is the author of Birchas Moshe.
Rabbi Sholom Yosef Friedman of Sadiger (1851 which is 5611 תריא in the Hebrew Claendar). He is the oldest son of Rabbi Yisroel of Ruzhin. The year of his Hilulah has the energy of illustration.
Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadiger (1883 which is 5643 תרמג in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the second son of Rabbi Yisrael of Ruzhin. The year of his Hilula is a year of potential completion.
Rabbi Shimon of Toledo He is the son of the Rosh (1342 which is 5102 קב in the Hebrew Calendar). The energy of this year of Hilula is being used as a crutch or essentially a small portion.
Rabbi Simcha Bunim of P'shischa (1827 which is 5587 תקפז in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Tzvi. He is a talmid of the Chozeh (Seer) and was called the Yid HaKodosh.
Rabbi Moshe Elyokim Briah Hopstein of Koznitz (1828 which is 5588 תקפח in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the son of the Kozhnitzer Magid, Rabbi Yisrael. The essence of the year of his Hilula is deprivation and striking and beating.
Rabbi Yitzchak Zelasnik, He was the Rosh Yeshiva of Me'or Eliyahu
Rabbi Menachem Menashe (1968 which is 5728 תשכח in the Hebrew Calendar) was a great tzadik from Turkey. He wrote Ahavas Chaim, a sefer filled with halacha, mussar and more, including fascinating stories of tzadikim, including many Chassidish Rebbes. The year of his Hilula has the energy of forgetting.
Rabbi Yosef Chaim ben Eliyahu of Baghdad was born on the 27th of Av, 1832, into a long chain of rabbinic figures renowned for their spiritual influence on the Baghdad Jewish community over the centuries. He is the author of the Sefer Ben Ish Chai and many other seforim. He is called the Ben Ish Chai after the title of his most famous writings, and was a highly-revered Torah scholar and master of Kabbalah. The Ben Ish Chai became the standard reference book for Torah law among Sephardim. It appealed to a wide audience, scholars and commoners alike, including women, who were usually not provided a religious education. Based in Baghdad, Iraq, the Ben Ish Chai was recognized by the Sephardic community both locally and abroad as an eminent Halachic authority. The entire Baghdad Jewish community lovingly obeyed every word uttered by Rabbi Yosef Chaim. In 1869, he journeyed to Israel where he visited the gravesites of numerous holy figures in Jerusalem and Hebron, and met with eminent Kabbalists. Though offered a rabbinical post there, he decided to return to Iraq. Days before his death, on the 8th of Elul, Chacham Yosef Chaim went on pilgrimage to the grave of the prophet Ezekiel, and he became sick shortly after. On the 13th of Elul, 1909 (which is 5669 תרסט in the Hebrew Calendar), he died and was buried that same night. There are numberous stories and references to him on the web. They are to numberous to link here. Please do a search on the Ben Ish Chai to continue your knowledge of this amazing man..
Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael Twerski of Cherkas (1876 which is 5636 תרלו in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Mordechai of Chernobyl.
Rabbi Avraham Yisochar Ber HaKohen Rabinowitz of Radomsk (1892 which is 5652 תרנב in the Hebrew Calendar). He wrote Chesed L'Avraham. He was the son of the Tiferes Shlomo, who was known as Rabbi Shlomo of Radomsk.
Rabbi Yosef Yuska ben Rabbi Yisroel Ashkenazi He is the author of Ohel Yosef. His Hilula is 1867 which is 5627 - תרכז in the Hebrew Calendar. the energy of the year of Hilula is to concentrate or centralize
Rabbi Moshe Alshakar, author of Shailos U'Tshuvos Maharam Alshakar and "Kol Bruei Malah U'matah," piyut of praises to HaShem, featured at the beginning of some siddurim.
Rabbi Chanoch Eiges of Vilna He is the author of Marcheshes. His Hilula year is 1941 which is 5701 - תשא in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula is considered a year of elevation.
Rabbi Yaakov Koppel Chassid ben Rabbi Nechemia Feivel, He was the Shliach Tzibur of the Baal Shem Tov and forefather of the Kosov-Vizhnitz dynasty. He was a descendant of Rabbi Ovadia of Bartenura. The year of his Hilula is 1787 which is 5547 - תקמז in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rabbi Yitzchok HaKohen Shapiro (1582 which is 5342 - שמב in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the father-in-law of Maharam of Lublin. The energy of his year of HIlula is about separation.
Rabbi Avraham Avigdor Nochum of Strikov ben Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchok Dan Landau He was a talmid of the Brisker Rav and became Rebbe of Strikov after WW II, first in Tel Aviv and then Bnei Brak. His year of Hilula is 2001 which is 5761 - תשסא
Rabbi Yechi Shnior (1994 which is 5754 - תשנד in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a talmid of Baba Sali one of the foremost miracle workers of the twentiet Century.
Rabbi Chaim Benveniste (1673 which is 5433 - תלג in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Rav in Izmir and author of Knesses Hagedola
Rabbi Yaakov Koppel Reich (1900 which is 5660 - תרס in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Av Beis Din of Budapest. The energy of the year of Hilula is that of a shield.
This day is celebrated as the Birthday of the Baal Shem Tov, Rabbi Yisroel (Israel) ben Eliezer (born circa 1700). Yisroel (Israel) was born to poor and elderly parents Eliezer and Sarah in a settlement near Okopy Świętej Trójcy, a newly built fortress close to Kameniec in the West Ukraine. Often called the Baal Shem Tovor Besht, he was a Jewish mystical rabbi. He is considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism. In 1703, Israel became an orphan, and the Jewish community of Tluste (near Zalischyky) adopted him, providing him with his basic needs. Often, after the conclusion of his studies at the local cheder (Jewish elementary school), he would wander into the fields and forests that surrounded the village to meditate and recognize the wonders of God's creation. In 1710, he finished cheder and became an assistant to a melamed (instructor in cheder). According to Hasidic legend, on his sixteenth birthday, Elijah the Prophet appeared to him and described to him the great effects the prayers of simple folk had in heaven. During the many years that he lived in the woods and came into contact with the peasants, Israel ben Eliezer had learned how to use plants for healing purposes. The Besht was introduced to the secrets of Kabbalah by Rabbi Adam Baal Shem of Ropczyce. Caring for the Jewish poor, a group of Tzadikim encouraged Jews to move to agrarian lifestyles as alternatives to the chronic poverty which was the lot of city Jews. In continuation of this policy they decided that they needed to look after the educational needs of the children living in small farm communities. The Besht became the leader of this movement at the age of 18. Sometime in 1712 Israel became a shammash (sexton) of the local synagogue. A hard life had undermined the Baal Shem Tov's health, however, and he died on 6 Sivan 5520 (22 May 1760).
Rabbi Yehudah ben Betzalel Loew, the Maharal of Prague. He was born in 1525 which is 5285 in the Hebrew Calendar. Born in Posen, Poland, on the night of the Pesach Seder, to a distinguished family of rabbis that traced its ancestry to King Dovid. He was the youngest of four brothers. The Maharal married at the age of 32 to Pearl. He had six girls and one boy who was named after the Maharal's father, Betzalel. In 1553 he was elected rabbi of Nikolsburg and the Province of Moravia, where he remained for the following 20 years. In 1573 he moved to Prague, where he opened a yeshiva. In 1592 the Maharal accepted the position of rabbi in Posen, returning to Prague in 1598 to serve as its chief rabbi. The Maharal castigated the educational methods of his day where boys were taught at a very young age and insisted that children must be taught in accordance with their intellectual mBorn in Baghdad, he traced his lineage back to Rav Nissim Gaon, head of the yeshivah of Neharda'ah.aturity. One of his leading disciples was R. Yom Tov Heller, author of the classic mishnaic commentary, Tosafos Yom Tov, who, in his introduction informs us that the Maharal greatly encouraged group study of the Mishna. At the same time, he was fully conversant with the scientific knowledge of his time as well as friendly with some of the contemporary eminent scientists. His disciple, Dovid Ganz, worked in the observatory of Tycho Brahe, the distinguished astronomer. He was a prolific writer, and his works include: Tiferes Yisrael on the greatness of Torah and mitzvos; Nesivos Olam, on ethics; Be'er Hagolah, a commentary on rabbinic sayings; Netzach Yisrael, on exile and redemption; Or Chadash, on the book of Esther; Ner Mitzvah, on Chanukah; Gevuros Hashem, on the Exodus; and many others. Rav Kook stated that the "Maharal was the father of the approach of the Gaon of Vilna on the one hand, and of the father of Chasidus, on the other hand." He has been described as a Kabbalist who wrote in philosophic garb.
Rabbi Yehudah Levai
Rabbi Abdullah Somech, Rebbe of the Ben Ish Chai and head of Iraqi JewryHe was born in Baghdad, in 1813 which is 5573 - תקעג in the Hebrew Calendar. He traced his lineage back to Rav Nissim Gaon, head of the yeshivah of Neharda'ah. His year of Hilula is 1889 which is 5649 - תרמט in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of this year is concealment.
Rav Ze’ev Nachum Bornstein,He is the author of Agudas Eizov. He was Rav of Elkush and Biala, and the father of Rav Avraham Borenstein of Sochachov, the Avnei Nezer. The year of his Hilula is 1885 which is 5645 - תרמה in the Hebrew Calendar. His year of Hilula has the energy of cheating as well as to throw and also donation. Some say his Hilula is on 19 Elul.
Rabeinu Yaakov of Orleans HY"D (1189 which is 4949 - תתקמט in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a talmid of Rabeinu Tam. He was killed in London at the coronation of Richard the Lion-hearted. Others say it was the Third of Elul.
Rabbi Moshe of Orzistchov ben Rabbi Pinchas of Ostroh. After being orphaned, he was raised by the Shpola Zaide.
Rabbi Hillel Vitkind. He was Rosh Yeshiva of Beis Hillel in of Novardok-Tel Aviv in Bnei Brak. He and his Rebetzen were moser nefesh for bochurim arriving on the shores of Eretz Yisrael. They lived a life of great poverty as a result of the tremendous expenses which they incurred for saving the bochurim.
Rabbi Moshe Tzvi Aryeh Bick (1990 which is 5750 - תשן in the Hebrew Calendar). He is born in Medzbosz (Mezhbizh), Ukraine but grew up in New York. He is recognized as one of the first Gedolim to be raised on American soil. He studied under R' Moshe Soloveitchik at the Yeshiva Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor and attended New York City public schools at night. At age 21, R' Bick was hired by a shul in the Bronx. While there, he founded schools for both boys and girls. Later, he moved to Boro Park. He is considered a great posek by both Chasidic and non Chasidic communities. His father, ben Rabbi Chaim Yechiel Michel was the last Rav of Mezibuz. Their family had been the heads of the Bais Din in Mezibuz for seven generations, since the days of the Baal Shem Tov. He is buried in Beth David Cemetery on Long Island.
Rav Chaim Benbenishti [Hayim Benveniste] (1599 [or 1603]-1673). 1673 is the year 5433 - תלג in the Hebrew Calendar. He was Chief Rabbi of Izmir (Smyrna) in the 1660s. He authored Knesses Hagedola, a commentary on the Shulkhan Aruch.
Rav Elimelech Alter Paneth (“Reb Meilech”) , the Deizher Rebbe (1928-2005). He was born to Rav Yosef and Rebbetzen Lifash Paneth in Tekendorf, Romania. He lived with his family in Paris after the War, before they all emigrated to the United States. He married Rebbetzen Yocheved in 1951. 2005, his year of Hilula is 5765 - תשסה in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of this year is to plunder and pillage as well as to instigate
Rabbi Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman, Rabbi of Ponevezh, Lithuania, and founder of the Ponevezh Yeshiva in Bnei Brak (1969 which is 5729 - תשכט in the Hebrew Calendar.) Born in Kuhl, Lithuania, a small town of about 500 of which about a third were Jews. At the age of 14 he went to the Telshe Yeshiva, where he learned until he was twenty. He then spent a half year in Novardok, after which he spent three years in Radin under the Chafetz Chaim. He married the daughter of the rav of Vidzh, and took over there at the end of 1911, when his father-in-law became the rav of Wilkomir. With the passing of Rav Itzele Rabinowitz on the 21st of Adar I in 1919, Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman was appointed the new rav of Ponevezh at the age of 33. He was elected to the Lithuanian parliament. He immigrated to Israel in 1940 and built Kiryat HaYesHiva in Bnei Brak and Batei Avot orphanages
Rabbi Avraham ben Rabbi Naftali Hertz Sternhartz (1955 which is 5715 - תשטו in the Hebrew Calendar), He is the great-grandson of Rabbi Noson of Breslov. He was the leader of Breslov in his time and he was known as the Kochov Lev.
Rabbi Eliyahu Lopian (1970 which is 5730 - תשל in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Lev Eliyahu, and a legendary mashgiach in Kelm and Kfar Chassidim. He was also Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Etz Chaim in London. Reb Elyah passed the leadership of the yeshivah over to Rav Greenspan. Reb Elyah moved to Israel in 1950, when he was 76 years old.
Rabbo Moshe Aryeh Freund (1996 which is 5756 - תשנו in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Av Beis Din of Eida Hachareidis in Yerushalayim. He was Born in Honiad, Hungary, in 1894 which is 5654 - תרנד in the Hebrew Calendar, to Rav Yisrael Freund, Av Beis Din of Honiad, and Sara, the daughter of the Rav of Honiad, Rav Zev Goldberger. He could trace his family back to the Rema, the Maharshal, the Shach, and the Beis Yosef. When he was 16, he married his cousin, the daughter of Rav Baruch Goldberger. Before World War II, he served as Rosh Yeshiva in Satmar. In 1944, he was taken to Aushwitz, where his wife and nine children were murdered. In 1951, he settled in Yerushalayim as Rav of the Satmar community. In 1969, he was invited to preside over the beis din of the Eida Hachareidis.
Rabbi Yonoson ben Rabbi Noson Nota Eibeschitz (1764 which is 5524 - תקכד in the Hebrew Calendar). He was born in Cracow, he became head of the Prague yeshiva at the age of twenty-one. In 1741 he became Rabbi in Metz, and in 1750 he became Rabbi of Altona/Hamburg/Wandsbeck (AHU), where he had major disagreements with RavYaakov Emden. He was learned in many areas, including halacha, kabbalah, philosophy and science. He was the author of many halachic works, as well as collections of sermons and unpublished works on kabbalah. Thirty of his works in the area of halacha have been published. His works included Urim V'tumim, Kereisi Ufleisi, Yaaros Dvash, and Ahavas Yehonasan (a commentary on the weekly haftorahs).
The following comes from "ShiratDevorah Blog - who used as :
Source: Rabbi David Hanania Pinto Shlita
Even as a child, people could see that the gaon Rabbi Yehonatan Eibeshutz was destined to become a great figure in Israel. Originally from the Polish city of Krakow, the name “Eibeshutz” comes from the city where his father, Rabbi Nathan Neta, served as Rav.
Rabbi Yehonatan had an extraordinary memory and an extremely sharp mind. Well-educated and possessing deep insight, these two attributes supported him during complex discussions in every field of Torah. Witnessing to this fact are his halachic works Kereti OuPeleti [on the Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah] and Urim VeTummim [on the Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat]. In his thought-provoking works Ya’arot Devash, Ahavat Yehonatan, and Keshet Yehonatan, he reveals himself to be a commentator who “draws closer with his arm those who are far.”
The gaon Rabbi Yechezkel Landau Zatzal, author of Noda B’Yehuda, said of him: “Who in his generation knows how to reprimand like him?” His reprimands addressed the weaknesses of the generation. He protested against Lashon Harah, coarse language, frivolity, praying without concentration, shaving the beard, and immorality.
He combined gematriot and allusions in his sermons, and in his book Tiferet Yehonatan on the haphtarot, he reprimanded those who shaved. He wrote that the cry of the Prophet Isaiah, “Am zu [This people] which I have fashioned for Myself, yesaperu [they shall declare] My praise” [Isaiah 43:21] pertains to them. In other words: The people for whom I created zu [numerical value: 13] rows of hair in the beard, so that the beard may be My glory, it is what will declare [yesaperu, which also means “to shave”].
Nevertheless, despite these harsh reprimands, he expressed great admiration for the Jewish people, “Israel, in whom I glory” [Isaiah 49:3]. “The Children of Israel are above the wings of the Shechinah, and they shine in exile. In darkness we have seen a light. The idol-worshippers humiliate them, and this holy people accords no importance to their faith. He who is wise of heart, let him open his eyes to fully understand their unity, for the Children of Israel are alert, even in times of trouble, and therefore absolute unity is the truth.”
Rabbi Yehonatan Eibeshutz was a prolific writer. He left behind 98 works, most of which are still in manuscript form and can be found in various libraries around the world.
Besides his greatness in Torah, Rabbi Yehonatan was also versed in the sciences and respected by prominent non-Jews for his riddles, vast intelligence, and great insight.
The Jewish People Live Forever
Numerous communities had the chance of having him as their Rav. In each place that he served as Rav, Rabbi Yehonatan elevated the Torah and encouraged those who were faithful to Torah and mitzvot. Thus for example, it is said that a Bishop once enacted a decree expelling Jews from the city of Metz. When Rabbi Yehonatan learned of it, he went to find the Bishop and asked him to annul the decree. The Bishop read a phrase from a non-Jewish book to him, and said that he would not annul the decree unless the Rav gave him the correct answers to the following questions:
“How many words are in the phrase that I just read to you?”
“Seventeen words,” replied the Rav, “the same number of letters as in the saying: ‘The Jewish people live forever.’ ”
Stunned by this response, the Bishop continued:“How many Jews live in this city?”
“Forty-five thousand, seven hundred, and sixty.”
The Bishop lowered his head and said, “You are known for your amazing amulets. Take some parchment paper, the size of that found in a mezuzah at the entrance of your homes. On it, write the expression that you just mentioned the same number of times as the Jews who live in this city. If you show me this parchment within the hour, I will annul the decree!”
Rabbi Yehonatan answered him with certitude: “The G-d of Israel can do anything! The number of letters in this expression is also 17!”
In fact Rabbi Yehonatan left, and within an hour he brought the Bishop a parchment the size of a mezuzah. On it was the expression, “The Jewish people live forever.”
For several minutes, the Bishop carefully thought about what was written, and then he rescinded his expulsion order. It is said that for an entire year, he described the number of ways to read “the Jewish people live forever” on the amulet, to the point that he believed that Rabbi Yehonatan was right!
During the time that he served as the Rav of Prague, a prohibition was enacted against the printing of the Talmud. It also prohibited the importing of the Talmud from abroad. It once happened that a certain Jew was caught secretly bringing in eight Gemaras with the commentary of the Rif. The books were ordered burned, and the man was sentenced to clean the streets of the city for an entire year, all while in chains. Since the honor of Rabbi Yehonatan was dear to all the civil and religious leaders of Prague, he succeeded in obtaining permission to print the Talmud, something that wasn’t easy to do. In his wisdom, he dismissed the numerous arguments of the Bishops against the Talmud. The Bishops, however, placed a condition on the printing of the Talmud, namely that every teaching it contained which shamed their religious should be suppressed, and that the name “Talmud” should not appear in it. Thus tractate Berachot was printed under the name of “Hilchot Berachot” along with the Rosh, the Maharshal and the Maharsha, and the commentaries of the Rambam [Prague 5477]. These deletions were authorized by Beit Din of Prague, which was headed by Rabbi David Oppenheim.
Rav Yaakov HaLevi ben Moshe Moellin (the Maharil). Born in Mainz, Germany, in 1365 which is 5125 - קכה in the Hebrew Calendar. He was the primary disciple of Rav Shalom of Neustadt. The Maharil authored Minhagei Maharil, the primary source of Minhagei Ashkenaz, cited frequently by the Rema in Shulchan Aruch. The Maharil lived through the mass slaughter of Jews in Austria in 1420 and the Hussite wars in 1421, which brought suffering to the Jews of Bavaria and the Rhine. His year of Hilula is 1427 which is 5187 - קפז in the Hebrew calendar. The energy of this year is that of a gizzard or goiter. Some say his Hilula is on the 22nd of Elul.
Rav Baruch Yitzchak Levine He was born in 1910 which is 5678 - תרע in the Hebrew Calendar. -1988). His paternal grandfather was Rav Menachem Nachum, who was very close to the Chafetz Chaim and was a talmidim of Rav Nachum of Horodna, the Chafetz Chaim’s mentor. His maternal grandfather was Rav Yehuda Leib Dovidson, a talmid of Rav Yisrael Salanter, who served as Rav in Des Moines, Iowa, and later in Ohio and Los Angeles. Shortly after his Bar Mitzvah, Rav Baruch Yitzchak went to learn in Grodna under Rav Shimon Shkop, then to Baranovich to learn under Rav Elchonon Wasserman for 3 years. He moved to Eretz Yisrael in 1938 and headed for the Lomza Yeshiva in Petach Tikva. Within a few months, he married the daughter of Rav Avraham Yitzchak Tikochinsky. Shortly thereafter, he became Rav of the Mekor Chaim suburb of Yerushalayim and started a yeshiva there with the assistance of Rav Eizek Sher of Slobodka. HIs year of Hilulah is 1988 which is 5748 - תשמח in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energy of Simcha or happiness and joy.
Rav Yaakov HaLevi ben Moshe Moellin (the Maharil). Born in Mainz, Germany, in 1365 which is 5125 - קכה in the Hebrew Calendar. He was the primary disciple of Rav Shalom of Neustadt. The Maharil authored Minhagei Maharil, the primary source of Minhagei Ashkenaz, cited frequently by the Rema in Shulchan Aruch. The Maharil lived through the mass slaughter of Jews in Austria in 1420 and the Hussite wars in 1421, which brought suffering to the Jews of Bavaria and the Rhine. His year of Hilula is 1427 which is 5187 - קפז in the Hebrew calendar. The energy of this year is that of a gizzard or goiter. Some say his Hilula is on the 21st of Elul.
Rabbi Mordechai Dov Twerski of Hornesteipel ben Rabbi Meshulam Zusia Ytzchok. He was a descendant, ben avcher ben, from the Rebbe, Reb Zusia of Anipoli. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, the Cherkasser Rebbe after his father died, so he adopted the family name, Twerski.
Rav Mordechai Dov Ber of Hornesteipel He is the grandson of the Mitteler Rebbe, and the author of Haemek Sheelah His year of Hilula is 1903 which is 5663 - תרסג in the Hebrew Calendar.
This is the true Yartzeit for the victims and heros of the 9/11 terrorist attack.
Rabbi Yisroel of Pikov ben Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev His year of Hilula is 1818 which is 5578 - תקעח in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Uri, the Seraph of Strelisk, He is the author of Imrei Kodesh. (1826). He is a disciple of Rav Shlomo of Karlin and of Rav Mordechai of Neshchiz, and he was the brother-in-law of Rav Menachem Mendel of Kosov. His main disciple was Rav Yehuda Zvi Hirsch, the first of the Stretyn dynasty. His year of Hilula is 1826 which is 5586 - תקפו in the Hebrew Calendar. The Year of His Hilula has the essence of "His assault or His attack."
Rav Meir Yehudah Getz, He was Rav of the Kotel and Rosh Yeshivas Beit El. He was born in 1924 which is 5684 - תרפד in the Hebrew Calendar. After one of his sons, a paratrooper, was killed in the battle for Jerusalem during the 1967 Six Day War, Rav Getz moved to the Old City and settled in the Jewish Quarter. He established a yeshiva there, and took up the duties he held until his death. In July 1981 Rav Getz was constructing a new synagogue behind the Wall that would face the Temple Mount. While the construction was going on, workers accidentally discovered Warren's Gate and an open area behind it that they believed to be from the First Temple period. The year of his Hilulah is 1995 which is 5755 - תשנה in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has many different essences. Here is a partial list: to repeat; to reiterate; to study; to learn; to change; to teach; to be different; to repeat; to recur; to alter.
Rabbi Yitzchak Menachem Mendel Danziger (1942), the Alexander Rebbe, He was killed in Treblinka with eight of his children HY"D. He was the son of Rabbi Shmuel Tzvi of Alexander. His year of Hilulah is 1942 which is 5702 - תשב in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energyof waiting or sitting.
Rav Nachman Dovid Dubinky (1911-2006). He was Born in The Old City of Yerushalayim in 1911 which is 5671 - תרעא in the Hebrew Calendar. His father came to Yerushalayim before his birth, after leaving Russia, as a Breslaver chossid. His father was niftar when Rav Nachman was 16 years old. He learned in Yeshivas Eitz Chaim for decades. There, he heard shiurim from Rav Issur Zalman, Rav Aharon Kotler, as well as the Gidulei Shmuel, Rav Shmuel Gedalya Neiman, and the Darkei Dovid, Rav Mordechai Dovid Levine. Rav Nachman lived in Bais Yisrael and a few other places, before settling in Botei Machsa when he and his Rebbetzin got married in 1932, after which they moved to Botei Natan where he lived for the next 70 years. Rav Nachman's occupation through the years was sitting and learning Torah. His year of Hilula is 2006 which is 5766 - תשסו in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of his year of Hilula is about "his plundering"; "his pillaging'; and "his instigation".
Chabakuk Hanavi (c. 480 B.C.E. which is 3280 - גרפ in the Hebrew Calendar). The Year of his Hilula has the energy of poppy seeds.
Rabbi Yisrael Meir ben Rabbi Aryeh Zev HaKohen Kagan , the Chofetz ChaimHe was born in 1838 which is 5598 - תקצח in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of that year is the essence of "end".1933). As a 9-year-old boy, he entered the yeshiva in Vilna. After marrying at 17 years of age, he continued his Torah studies, in spite of extreme poverty, spending every waking moment engrossed in the holy books. The Chafetz Chaim who refused to accept a post as rabbi, opened a general store. His wife, insisting that he continue his Torah studies, managed the store. In 1869 he founded the Yeshivah of Radin. When he was 35 (1873) he published his first book, Chafetz Chaim, a compilation of the laws concerning leshon hara - spreading gossip and slander. He ultimately published over 20 books, including Ahavas Chesed, on the mitzvah of lending money, Machaneh Yisrael for Jews serving in non-Jewish armies, and Nidchei Yisrael for Jews who moved to places where there were few religious Jews, particularly America. Probably the most important book he wrote was the Mishna Berurah, a six volume commentary on Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, which deals with the general laws of daily conduct, such as prayers, tefillin, blessings, Shabbat, and Festivals. It consists of 6 volumes and took 25 years to complete. His year of Hilulah is 1933 which is 5693 - תרצג in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Yechezkel Abramsky, He was born in 1886 which is 5646 - תרמו in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of his year of birth is "his throwing" or "his deception". He became Dayan in Slutsk and also London, and Chief Dayan of the British Empire. He learned at the Beis Yosef yeshivah of Novardok under the Alter, Rav Yoizel Horowitz, as well as at Telz, Mir and Slabodka. He eventually became a close talmid of Rav Chaim Soloveitchik of Brisk. Rav Yechezkel spent the first half of his life serving as a rav or dayan in various communities, and in 1924, he became rav of the Slutsk, with a kehillah of over ten thousand Jews. After the Russian revolution, Rav Yechezkel fought desperately against the Communist decrees to destroy religion, and he was sentenced to five years in Siberia, in 1929. In 1931, he was released, and the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire, Rabbi Joseph H. Hertz, persuaded him to serve as Av Beis Din in London. In 1951, Rav Yechezkel moved from London to Eretz Yisrael, where Rav Eizik Sher invited him to give regular shiurim in Slabodka in Bnei Brak. Rav Yechezkel wrote twenty-five seforim in his lifetime, the best known being his monumental Chazon Yechezkel, a commentary on the entire Tosefta. The year of his Hilulah is 1976 which is 5736 - תשלו in the Hebrew Calenar. The essence of the year of His death is tranquility and calmness.
Rav Uziel, first Chief Sephardic Rabbi of Israel His year of HIlulah is 1953 which is 5713 - תשיג in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilulah has many varied essences. Some of them are: to reach; to overtake; to achieve; to comprehend; to criticize; to question.
Rav Yitzchak Flusberg (1941-2004). He was born in Tel Aviv, in 1941 which is 5701 - תשא which has the energy of elevation within it. He learned at the Chevron Yeshiva In Yerushalayim under Rav Meir Chadash. For a number of years, he served as Rosh Yeshiva at Tiferes Hakarmel in Chaifa. He was among the founders of Gerrer shtieblech in Golders Green in London and in Toronto, and he was one of the primary founders of the Mifal Chessed organization of Ger in Eretz Yisrael.
This is Day 1 (Echad) of Creation
Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Shimon bar YochaiRabbi Elazar is well featured in the Zohar as he reveals many secrets along with his father. He is also the cause of many of Rabbi Shimon's revelations by asking questions of his father. In addition there is a story told in the Talmud that many people do not understand the meaning behind this story. It says in the Talmud that Rabbi Elazar was a very large (some would say obese) man. The story continues describing that he was taken into a tiled room and given a sleeping draught after which his stomach was cut open and a large amount of fat was taken from his body. Was this the first liposuction? The other questions one might ask - was the sleeping draught an anesthetic? Was the tiled room to prevent infection? The year of his Hilula is 102 in the Common Era which is 3862 - תתסב in the Hebrew Calendar. Some say his Hilula is in 123 and some say the date is the 9th of Tishrai.
Rav Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov, (1721-1786). He is the son of Rabbi Yitzchak of Drohovitch. He was born in 1721 which is 5481 - תפא in the Hebrew Calendar. He was introduced by his father to the Baal Shem Tov at a young age. He was also a student of the Maggid of Mezritch. Many of his teachings are collected in Mayim Rabim. His disciples included Rav Yehoshua Heshel of Apta. The Zlotschover Maggid also had five sons, each of whom became Rebbe in a different place. They were Rabbi Yosef of Yampola, Rabbi Mordechai of Kremnitz, Rabbi Yitzchak of Radvil, Rabbi Binyomin of Zbariz and Rabbi Moshe of Zvhil, the first Zvhiller Rebbe. The year of his Hilula is 1786 which is 5546 - תקמו in the Hebrew Calendar. Also known as the "year of his vengeance."
Rabbi Aharon ben Rabbi Yaakov Abuchatzera. The year of his Hilula is 1901 which is 5661 - תרסא in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energy of being imprisoned.
Rav Avraham Horowitz, He was born in 1925 which is 5685 - תרפה in the Hebrew Calendar. He is talmid muvhak of the Steipler Gaon. He learned at Novardok Yeshiva in Tel Aviv, then at Etz Chaim in Yerushalayim. When he was 18, he married the daughter of Rav Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach, father of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach. He became the chavrusa of the Steipler Gaon for decades and wrote a sefer called Orchos Rabbeinu detailing the customs and daily life of the Steipler and the Chazon Ish (with whom he was also very close). He also authored a set of halachic sefarim called Devar Halacha. The year of his Hilula is 2004 which is 5764 ־ תשסד in the Hebrew Calendar.
Barry CommonerHe passed on this day in the year 5772. He ran for president in the year 1980 on the Citizens Party Ticket. He also founded the Citizen's Party. His purpose in running was to raise world wide consciousness related to the environment.
He developed the four laws of ecology:
(Mr. Commoner is not recognized by the Jewish World as a Tzadik yet. In my opinion the above 4 laws are also not yet complete. For example No 4 we can control nature when we control ourselves and these environmental issues will eventually be solved when we live again by the Laws of the Torah as expressed by a modern society.)
Born in Brooklyn, NY, in 1917, Commoner held degrees from Columbia and Harvard. He served as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy during World War II and began his professional academic career at Washington University in St. Louis, MO.
By the late 1950s, Commoner was a known activist in the anti-nuclear movement and was part of the scientific team that demonstrated the pernicious effects of nuclear fallout by highlighting the presence of Strontium 90 in children’s teeth.
By 1970 he was involved in the greater environmental movement and helped to develop the above 4 laws. Unique among the environmentalists of his time, Commoner believed that a restructuring of the country’s capitalist economy was the key to solving ecological issues (as opposed to controlling “over population”).
After Commoner’s run for president, he moved his Center for the Biology of Natural Systems from St. Louis to Queens College in New York. He remained its director until 2000, when, at the age of 82, he chose to focus on new projects.
He was 95 when he passed. The area of his work. The public posture of a third party candidate (passion and humility). And, the date of his passing all indicate that he reached a level of Tikune completion. It is for these reasons that i expect eventually that he will be recognized by the Jewish World as a Tzadik and belongs on these pages.
This is the second day of Creation. Do you know what was created this day?
Rabbi Elyakim Getz of Ostroh (1824 which is 5584 - תקפד in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Reb Yaakov Yosef ( Reb Yeivei) He printed the seforim of his illustrious father. He was known for his devotion to providing for the destitute. The year of his Hilula has the energy of deprivation and impatience.
Rav Chaim Pinto of Mogador (1758-1845 which is 5605 - תרה in the Hebrew Calendar). The famous Pinto family was dispersed worldwide – primarily to Morocco, the Ottoman Empire, and Holland -- after 1497 when Portugal expelled its Jews. Rav Shlomo Pinto married his second wife, Chiyuna Beneviste, and moved to Agadir, Morocco. In 1758, Chiyuna gave birth to their son, Rav Chaim, whom they named after Rav Chaim Vital. Ten years later, Rav Shlomo passed away, leaving his son an orphan. The Sultan of Morocco, Sidi Mohammed, closed down the port of Agadir, replacing it with the new port of Mogador (or Essaquira) that he had completed 1765, far south on Morocco's west coast. Mogador's thriving businesses were jumpstarted by thirteen businessmen known as the toujiar el Sultan (the traders of the Sultan) - ten of them Jews and three of them Moslems - and thanks to them and others, Mogador helped open Morocco to Europe. Within twenty years, the Mogador Jews would comprise half or more of the town's 6,000 residents. Young Chaim moved to Mogador and learned in the yeshiva headed by the av beis din, Rav Yaakov Bibas. Over time, Rav Chaim became an accomplished mekubal and renowned for his ruach hakodesh. Rav Chaim was survived by his four distinguished sons, Rav Yehuda, Rav Yosef, Rav Yoshiyahu, and Rav Yaakov. The year of his Hilula has the energy of touring.
Rav Shmuel Abba Zikelinsky of Zichlin (1810-1879 which is 5639 - תרלט in the Hebrew Calendar). He is an important disciple of Rav Simcha Bunim of Pshischah, and subsequently a Rebbe in his own right.
Rav Eliyahu Tzarfati, He is the author of Eliyahu Zuta . His year of Hilula is 1805 which is 5565 - תקסה in the Hebrew Calendar. His year of birth reveals an energy of inference or conclusion. Also it is a powerful energy relating to "light a fire".
This is the third day of Creation. Do you know what was created this day?
Rabbi Noson Adler, HaCohen Rebbe of the Chasam Sofer. He is the author of Mishnah DiRabi Nasan. His year of Hilulah is(1800 - which is 5560 - תקס in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rabbi Sholom ben Rabbi Elazar Rokeach (1855), the first Belzer Rebbe, known as the Sar SholomHe was born in Brody and orphaned at a young age, he was brought up by his uncle, Rav Yissochar Ber, Rav of Skol (Sokohl). He was nurtured by his mentors, the Chozeh of Lublin and Rav Shlomo Lutzker, the Divras Shlomo. In 1817, he was appointed Rav of Belz, and he in 1843, the famed Belz Beis Hamedrash was completed. (It was entirely destroyed during World War II, but a replica was built in Yerushalayim years later). Among his early students was Rav Shlomo Kluger of Brody. Since the beginnings of the movement, the misnagdim had accused chasidim of devoting too much time to joyous celebrations in fellowship with their rebbes, at the expense of Torah study. By stressing the overriding importance of in-depth Torah study, the Belzer Rebbe removed the stigma of superficiality that had plagued Chasidism. He was succeeded by his son, Rav Yehoshua. In the 1940s, the Nazis all but wiped out the splendor that was Belz. After the war, the remnants of Belzer Chasidus - under the leadership of the surviving scion of the Belz dynasty, the young Rabbi Yisachar Dov - miraculously restored the former grandeur of Belz. Today the glorious new Belzer yeshivah building graces the Jerusalem skyline. Some of his teachings are recorded in the sefer, Dover Shalom. His year of Hilulah is 1855 which is 5615 - תרטו in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Moshe Segal of Levov, known as Rosh Hagolah Umanhig Hamedinah. His year of Hilulah is 1719 which is 5479 - תעט in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Yitzchak Chiyus (Chayes), Rav in Skolya (1726 which is 5486 - תפו in the Hebrew Calendar). He is author of of the Mishnah commentary, Zera Yitzchak.
Rav Yaakov Leib of Kvahl The year of his Hilulah is 1833 which is 5593 - תצג in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Binyamin Tzvi Auerbach (or Tzvi Binyamin Auerbach) (1808-1873). Born to Rav Avraham, a mohel in Strasburg, in France, he served as a rabbi in Darmstadt for ten years after earning semicha as well as a PhD in philosophy and Semitic languages. While living in Frankfurt, Rav Auerbach wrote the sefer Bris Avraham in memory of his father. He also spent much of his time editing the sefer Ha'Eshkol, written by the Raavad of Norvona. Years later, when he became the Rav of Halberstat, he published his work as a commentary named Nachal Eshkol. HIs year of Hilulah is 1873 which is 5633 - תרלג in the Hebrew Calendar. This year has the energy of "Leg" which is a Kabbalistic code for manifestation.
Rav Moshe Nota Yungreis, the Menuchas Asher (1889 is reported as his year of Hilulah but this may be an error. Asher Anshel Jungreisz is the mechanber (author) of Menuchas Asher.
This is the fourth day of Creation. Do you know what was created this day?
Shaul Hamelech and his three sons (including Jonathan Ben Shaul HaMelech Special Friend of David HaMelech) died in Gilboa 4 months after Shmuel Hanavi's death. The year of thier Hilula is 878 B.C.E which is 2882 - תתב in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of their Hilula is a year of installation.
Rav Sa’adya, father-in-law of Rav Chaim Vital 1574 which is 5334 - שלד in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energy of a framework.
Rav Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach, co-founder and rosh yeshiva of Shaar Hashomayim. He is the father of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach .(1954). The yeshiva came to occupy its current premises on Rechov Rashi in the Mekor Boruch neighborhood. Among the yeshiva's first talmidim in the Old City was Rav Tzvi Pesach Frank. It remained there until 1948, when fighting broke out prior to the departure of the British. Haganah fighters took up a position on the roof of the yeshiva from where they were able to fire on the Jordanians. When the Old City fell to the Jordanians shortly thereafter, the conquering Jordanians set fire to the building with all the seforim and furniture inside. One of Rav Chaim Leib's sons, Rav Raphael Auerbach, assumed leadership of the yeshiva after his father's petira. Rav Chaim was also author of Chacham Lev. His year of Hilula is 1954 which is 5714 - תשיד in the Hebrew Calendar. The year of his Hilula has the energyof threshing and also trampling.
Rav Aryeh Carmell (1917-2006) He was born in England in 1917 which is 5677 - תרעז in the Hebrew Calendar. At the age of 16 Aryeh was sent to study under Rav Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler and became his talmid muvhak. Rav Carmell began to compile Rav Dessler's teachings under his guidance. After the war he married, making his home in London. He would spend the morning hours learning bechavrusa with some of London's leading rabbanim. In the afternoon he would go to his office to work for a few hours, setting aside time every day to organize chessed and outreach activities. He was among the first to become involved in Jewish outreach over 50 years ago. Following Rav Dessler's petirah he started Yad Eliyahu in London, where children who studied at public schools were taught ahavas Torah and yiras Shomayim. He published Michtav MeEliyohu, a compilation of Rav Dessler's teachings. The first three volumes were edited with Rav Alter Halperin and Rav Chaim Friedlander, while Rav Carmell edited the fourth and fifth volumes by himself. He also adapted parts of the work into a book in English called Strive for Truth. He also co-edited Challenge: Torah Views on Science and its Problems and wrote an important booklet called Aid to Talmud Study. When the wave of Russian aliya began he wrote a book called Masterplan. Based on Rav Shamshon Raphael Hirsch's Chorev, it also presented reasons behind the mitzvos. Moving to Eretz Yisrael in 1972, Carmell settled in Jerusalem's Bayit Vegan neighborhood and helped Rav Boruch Horowitz found Yeshivas Dvar Yerushalayim, Jerusalem's first yeshiva for baalei teshuvoh. He gave shiurim on gemora, hashkofoh and Mussar. His year of Hilula is 2006 which is 5766 - תשסו in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of this year is to plunder and pillage as well as to instigate.
Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Leib ben Rabbi Avraham Dov Auerbach (1954 which is 5714 - תשיד in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Rosh Yeshiva Sha'ar Hashomayim, and father of Rabbi Shlomo Zalman.
This is Erev Rosh HaShana and the fifth day of Creation. Do you know what was created this day?
Rabbi Yaakov Halevi Lipschutz He was secretary of Rav Yitzchok Elchonon Spector and author of Zichron Yaakov. His year of Hilula is 1922 which is 5682 - תרפב in the Hebrew Calendar. Within this year is the energy of the Euphrates River.
Rav Naftali Hertz, Rav of Pintchov. His year of Hilula is 1733 which is 5493 - תצג in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rav Raphael Landau, He is the son of Rav Avraham of Tchechenov. His year of Hilula is 1894 which is 5654 - תרנד in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of his year of Hilula is "Vow."
Rav Yerachmiel Yeshaya Minzberg, He was Rav of Likova The year of his Hilula is 1905 which is 5665 - תרסה in the Hebrew Calendar. The energy of the year of Hilula is that of a shield.
Rav Eliezer Deutsch of Bonihad [or Bonyhad] (1914 which is 5674 - תרעד in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of P’ri Hasadeh, Duda-ei Hasadeh. Bonihad is a small town in Tolna County in Hungary. The first document on the Jews of Bonyhád is a tax conscritption from 1741, although on the testimony of a few tombstones in the cemetery, Jews had already settled earlier, in the first decades of the century. 1802, there were 400 Jewish families and an impressive synagogue and yeshivah. The population of about 6,500 in 1930 consisted of about 15% Jews, the largest number of Jews in Tolna County. With the German occupation in 1944, 1,180 Jews were deported to Pecs and then to Auschwitz. All but 50 perished. In 1963, 4 Jewish families remain in Bonyhad. His year of Hilula has the energy of shaking and quaking.
Rav Yisrael Rabinowitz of Skolya-Kishinev (1975 which is 5735 - תשלה in the Hebrew Calendar.) His year of Hilula concealed the energy of Plunder as well as "to be Tranquill and at ease."
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