Rabbi Shalom ben Rabbi Yaakov Yosef HaLevi Rosenfeld of Kaminka (1851) talmid of Rabbi Shlomo Kluger and Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz
Rabbi Moshe Nosson Nota ben Rabbi Menachem Mendel Lemberger, the Makover Rov (1982) Talmid of Rabbi Sholom Eliezer Halberstam of Ratzfort
Rabbi Avraham ben Yitzchak of Narbonne, author of Sefer HaEshkol, father-in-law of the the Raavad, Rabbi Avraham ben David.
Rabbi Avraham ben David (Ravad II) (1119-1198). Rabbi Avraham lived at the time of Rabbeinu Tam and is mentioned a few times in the Tosafos. He had the merit of having Eliyahu HaNavi appear to him, as claimed by Rabbi Chaim Vital in his introduction to Etz HaChaim. His son was the tzaddik Rabbi Yitzchak Sagi Nahor. According to Yated 2005, author of Sefer HaEshkol
Birth of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura (1820-1883), son of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin
Rabbi Yechezkel, the third Rebbe of Radmosk, known as the Kenesses Yechezkel of Radomsk (1864-1910)
Rabbi Moshe Lemberger, the Makava Rav of Kfar Ata (1982)
Rabbi Mordechai Sharabi (1912-1984). Born in Taiz, Yemen to Rav Yehuda and Miriam Taizi, his father was niftar before he was born, and his mother passed away just 4 years later. He was raised by his grandfather, Rav Yefes Avraham, Rav in Sharab. Rav Mordechai’s other grandfather was Rav Salom Sharabi, the Rashash. In 1931, shortly after he married, Rav Mordechai moved to Eretz Yisrael and settled in Yerushalayim. He later founded Yeshivat Nahar Shalom in the Machane Yehuda section of the city. Although they never had children, tens of boys of the neighborhood had their meals with them and grew to become Roshei Yeshiva and Roshei Kollel. It is related that in the week of Rav Mordechai’s petira, the Baba Sali experienced a frightening premonition that much Jewish blood would be spilled, including children. He davened the entire day and fasted despite being over 90 years of age. The next morning, he announced that the gezeira was lifted, and that one of the tzadikim gave his life away for the generation. At the time, the Baba Sali was not aware that Rav Mordechai was ill. Indeed, the tzadik was niftar that week.
Rabbi Mordechai Leib Zuckerman, author of Meir Einei Yisrael (1912-2003). Born in Samagron, a city near Vilna. In 1931, he moved to Radin to learn with the Chafetz Chaim. After the petirah of the Chafetz Chaim, Rabbi Mordechai Leib stayed in Radin for eight more years. During the war, he arrived in the Kovna ghetto, where he acted as shamash for Rabbi Avraham Grodzinsky, the mashgiach of Slabodka. As Rabbi Avraham's talmid muvhak, he transcribed his mentor's discourses and studied with him privately bechavrusa when Rabbi Avraham was hospitalized. Subsequently, the Nazis burned down that hospital and Rabbi Mordechai Leib was the last person to have seen Rabbi Avraham alive. When the Nazis decided to liquidate the entire ghetto, Rabbi Mordechai Leib was saved by a miracle when he hid in a pit with a few others. In 1948, he moved to Yerushalayim. When he settled in Givat Shaul, he accepted the positions of rav of the Perushim shul and the head of Kollel Chevron there. He occupied those positions for over 50 years.
Rabbi Betzalel ben Rabbi Avraham Stern (1988), great posek in Australia and author of Betzel Hachochma, brother of the Rabbi Moshe Stern, the Debreciner Rav
Rabbi Yichya Halevi Alshich, head of Teimani (Yemenite) community (1996)
Rabbi Elezar HaCohen of Sochotchov.
Rabbi David ben Zimra, the Radbaz (1480-1573). Arriving in Tzefas as a child after the Spanish expulsion, he emigrated to Egypt in 1514. Shortly thereafter, he was recognized as chief rabbi of Egypt, a post he held for 40 years. His income, however, came through business, from which he became quite wealthy. Among his talmidim in Cairo were Rabbi Yitzchak Luiria (the Ari) and Rabbi Betazelel Azhkenazi, the Shita Mekubetzes. In 1553, he returned to Eretz Yisrael, settling in Tzefas.
Rabbi Avraham Azulai, Kabbalist, author of Chessed L’Avraham Born in Fez, Morocco, 1569 or 1570, and died in Hevron, Eretz Yisrael in 1643. According to some, his yahrtzeit is 24 Cheshvan. Rabbi Avraham was born in the same year that Rabbi Moshe Cordovero died. He was the great, great-grandfather of the Chida. Rabbi Avraham, a master Kabbalist of both the Ari and Cordovero system of Kabbalah, wrote an extraordinary book entitled Chesed L'Avraham, This text is one of the all time compendium of Kabbalistic teachings. He arranged a text of almost encyclopedic proportion and covers many topics other Kabbalists never discuss. He wrote many other important books, and is also one of the few Kabbalists that have put into writing many teachings that were only passed down orally. In 1609 he moved to Chevron, Israel, and became the holy city’s Chief Rabbi.
On his way from Morocco to Israel, R' Avraham Azulai's boat was sunk while being anchored in Greece, by a fierce storm. Most of his holy manuscripts at that time were in the boat and were not recovered. R' Azulai was very thankful to God for not being on the boat at the time. From that time and on, his signature resembled the shape of a boat, which is often quoted in the writings of the Ari HaKodesh.bOne of his famous statements is "The Kabbalah must be sold in the Suk (Marketplace)!".
Rabbi David Shlomo Eibshitz of Soroka (1755-1813), author of Levushei Serad (on halacha) and Arvei Nachal (a Torah commentary with Chasidic philosophy). In 1809, he settled in Tzefat, Israel, where he died and is buried.
Rabbi Yissacher Ber of Podheitz, son of the Pnei Yehoshua (1844)
Rabbi Elazar HaKohen of Poltusk (1881)
Rabbi Moshe of Shitchelnik (1912)
Rabbi Ezriel Ben Rabbbi Dov Halevi Horowitz of Lublin, the "Eizener Kop". Opposed the Chozeh when the latter arrived in Lublin.
Rabbi David Shlomo ben Rabbi Yeruchim Eibishutz (1813) author of many seforim including Levushei Serad, Arvei Nachal and Neos Deshe. Talmid of talmidim of the Mezritcher Magid. Settled in Eretz Yisroel
Rabbi Yissachor Dov ben Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach of Belz (1926)
Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach, the third Belzer rebbe (1854-1926)
Rabbi Moshe Lima, author of Chelkas Mechokek. Early in the 17th century, he was hired by the city of Slonim to be its first Rav. While there, he was considered the highest authority in halacha in all of Lithuania. He later served as Rav in Brisk and Vilna.
Harav Uriel Davidi (2005). The 14th of 14 children, 9 of whom died in childhood (while 3 others died in early adulthood). His mother, Serach, “demanded” a healthy son, talmid chacham. Rav Uriel had a photographic memory and great analytic ability, despite having had only four years of structured schooling. He lived with and learned from sheiks, which helped later during the Iranian revolution. Rav Uriel lost his father at 17, and married his first cousin at 18. He became an expert in Tanach & Midrash, and wrote a Hebrew-Persian dictionary. He became a mohel, a shochet, then became a teacher. He had a large library and owned one of only three sets of Shas in Iran. Rav Uriel moved to Tehran and became one of the two main rabbis of the city. He was personally responsible for keeping shops closed on Shabbos and provided kosher food for Jews in army. When he escaped Iran in 1994, two thousand sefarim had to be left behind; only his Torah Temima was taken to Israel.
Rabbi Aharon Katzenellenbogen of Brisk, author of Minchas Aharon (1854)
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Yaakov Leib Midner (1929), a talmid of the Slonimer Rebbes. He was known as a Baal Ruach HaKodesh. Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman would stand up for him out of respect. He put together the sefer Toras Avos, which contains Torah from the Rebbes of Lechovitch, Kobrin and Slonim.
Rabbi Yehosef ben R' Tzvi Rottenberg of Koson (1911 some say 1912) son-in-law of Rabbi Meshulam Feivish of Tosh
Rabbi Tzvi Aryeh (Hirsh Leib) ben Rabbi Ahron Betzalel Lippel (1979) One of the Ziknei Breslov. While living in Uman, he was part of a group that would rise nightly at midnight, immerse in the river (including when they needed to break the ice to do so) and then spend hours in the field in hisbodedus. He was allowed to leave Ukraine and moved to Eretz Yosroel in 1934. He was known for his intense prayer and kedusha, but despite this he was able to speak with anyone and understood everything.
Rabbi Moshe Midner (Minder) of Slonim-Baranowitz, a grandson of the Yesod Ha'avodah and a talmid of Rabbi Chaim Brisker Soloveitchik. He was mashgiach of Yeshivas Toras Chessed. The chsaidim of Slonim used to say of him ““From Moses of Midian up until Moses Midner, there was none like Moses.”
Binyamin HaTzadik ben Yaakov Avinu (according to many - others say it is the 11th of Cheshvan with his Mother Rachel Imeinu) (1554 B.C.E.)
Rabbi Hillel Moshe ben Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Mashel (1907) talmid of the Kotzker and Chidushei HaRim. Settled in Eretz Yisroel
Rabbi Avraham Azulai (1670-1744). Born in Fez to Rav Mordechai Azulai. In 1700, he fulfilled his life’s dream and boarded a ship for Eretz Yisrael. The only possessions he took him were the many manuscripts of his chiddushim. These were all lost at sea during a storm. In Chevron, Rabbi Avraham wrote his major work on Kabbalah, entitled Kiryat Arba. It is based on the teachings of the four great kabbalists: the Ramak, the Arizal, Rav Chaim Vital and Rav Avraham Galanti. Later, in Aza (Gaza), Rabbi Avraham composed three more sefarim: Baalei Bris Avraham, a commentary on the twenty-four books of the Tanach, and Chessed l'Avraham, which contains kabbalistic drashos. In addition to this, he wrote Kanaf Renanim, a summary of the kavanos of the prayers according to the Arizal; Ma'aseh Chosheiv, a summary of the kavanos of the Arizal on the mitzvos; Ahavah BaTa'anugim on the Mishnah, and Hagahos l'Sefer HaLevush on the Shulchan Aruch. His great grandson was Rav Chaim Yosef Dovid Azulai, the Chida. [According to Hamodia 2006, he was born ~1570 and was niftar on this date in 1643, and his grandfather, Rav Avraham Azulai Hazaken settled in Fez after being expelled from Castille, Spain, in 1492.]. One of his famous teachings is "The Kabbalah must be sold in the Suk (Marketplace). This is explained by many to mean that the Kabbalah must compete with other wisdom's that men and women are attracted to, that take them away from the spiritual and connect them more strongly to the physical. The antidote to this mistake is the Wisdom of the Kabbalah!
Rabbi Gedaliah of Zalkaa (1763).
Rabbi Raphael Kohen ben Rabbi Yekusiel Ziskind of Hamburg (1722-1803). Rosh yeshiva in Minsk at the age of 19, Rabbi Raphael became Rav of Pinsk in 1763. In 1776, he became Rav of the joint community of Altoona, Hamburg, and Wandsbek (AHU). He is the author of Toras Yekusiel. Learned by the Shaagas Aryeh and Vilna Gaon. He was a Rebbe of R' Chaim of Volozhin. He became close with the Mezritcher Magid (some have the Hilula as 26 Cheshvan)
Rabbi Chaim Yosef Brukstein of Pistin (1864).
Rabbi David Twersky of Makarov (1902). Makarov is located in Kievskaya, 28 km from Kiev. The earliest known Jewish community was 1765. 1897 Hasidic population (census) was 3953. The Twersky Chasidic dynasty began in Makarov with a Nachum Twersky (1805-1851). Decimated in the Holocaust, Makarov is an offshoot of the Chernobyl dynasty.
Rabbi Hillel Moshe Meshel Gelbstein (1834-1904 or 1907), born in Bialystok, his mother was a 12th generation descendent of the Shlah HaKodesh. At the age of 15, he traveled to Kotzk and became of chassid of the Kotzker Rebbe. After the Kotzker passed away, Rabbi Meshel adopted the Chidushei HaRim as his rebbe. On the 23rd of Adar of 1867, the Chidushei HaRim was nifter, and on the 13th of Nissan that same year, the Tzemach Tzedek was niftar. Considering himself orphaned, Rabbi Meshel moved to Eretz Yisrael and settled in Yerushalayim – he would never again sleep outside the walls of the city. His sefarims included Mishkenos Le’abir Yaakov, Ohr Leyesharim, and Ohr Zarua Latzadik.
Rabbi Raphael David Auerbach, Rosh Yeshiva of Shaar Shomayim (1869-1945)(some say 1987), Rosh Yeshiva of Shaar Shomayi
Rabbi Gedalya Moshe Goldman of Zvhil (1888-1949), son of Rabbi Shlomo (Reb Shlomke) of Zhvil. When the Soviets rose to power, he was sent to Siberia and after eight years of exile managed, in 1936, to flee to Eretz Yisrael, where he also concealed his greatness. He served as an Admor for only five years, for he died when he was only 61.
Rabbi Nachum Dov HaKohen Kreisman (1923-2004). Born in the town of Rakishok in Lithuania's Ponovezh District from a famous line of rabbonim who served in the Rakishok rabbinate for nine consecutive generations, ending with HaRav Betzalel Yalovetzky. As a bochur he went to Yeshivas Telz, where he studied under Rabbi Eliyahu Meir Bloch. He settled in Baltimore and enrolled at Ner Yisrael, where he studied under Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak Ruderman. When Rav Aharon Kotler came to Baltimore, Rabbi Ruderman sent two bochurim to the train station to meet him: Nachum Dov and Shmuel Kamenetsky. Noting the high caliber of the two young men Rav Kotler took them back with him to New York in preparation for starting Yeshivas Lakewood. In 1954, Rav Kreisman moved to Eretz Yisrael and married, and in 1967, he was chosen to serve as a dayan by Rabbi Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Rabbi Betzalel Zolti, the Rav of Yerushalayim, and Rabbi Shlomo Shimshon Karelitz.
Rabbi Avraham ben Rabbi Shlomo Zalman, brother of the Vilna Gaon, author of Ma'alos Hatorah (1807)
Rabbi Naftali ben Rabbi Elazar of Lizhensk (1838), grandson of the Noam Elimelech, talmid of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kosov
Rabbi Mordechai Rokeach of Bilgoraya (1949) ben R' Yissachor Dov of Belz (1949)
Rabbi Mordechai ben Rabbi Yissachar Dov of Belz, Rokeach, Rav of Bilgoria (Bilgoraya) (1949). The 4th Admor of Belz, after Rav Yissacher Ber Rokeach and before Rav Yissacher Ber Rokeach.
Rabbi Elya Yurkanski (1908-2005). Born in Minsk, he and two brothers were smuggled over the order to Poland, on a recommendation by the Chafetz Chaim; Reb Elya was not yet a Bar Mitzvah, and he would never again see his parents. He spent almost 10 years in Baranovich with Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman before leaving for Mir in 1929. He traveled with the yeshiva to Shanghai and eventually join the yeshiva in New York, where he remained his entire life. He was a Rosh Yeshiva with Mir for over 55 years.
Rabbi Simcha ben Rabbi Yosef Dov HaLevi Soloveitchik, buried in Mt. Judah Cemetery in Queens, NY. son of the Bais Halevi (1941)
Rabbi Abba ben Rabbi Yitzchok Abuchatzeira (1935) grandson of the Abir Yaakov
Rabbi Shlomo Segal, Av Beis Din Polna’ah and Lvov, he authored MiBeis Levi (1638 some say 1637) [Hamodia 2007 lists his family name as Charif,]
Rabbi Raphael Hoken of Hamburg (1723-1803). Born in Liphland to Rabbi Yekusiel Ziskind, the Rav of the town, Rabbi Raphael was taken to learn with the Shaagas Aryeh, a relative of theirs, in Minsk, at the age of 12. At the age of 19, Rabbi Raphael replaced his rebbi as Rosh Yeshiva in Minsk. Four years later, he was chosen as Rav of Rakow, and later of Smilowitz. In 1763, he became Rav in Pinsk. There he wrote Toras Yekusiel on Yoreh Deah, with an appendix of halachos pertaining to agunos. Leter he became Rav in Posen, and in 1776 of the three kehillos of Atuna, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck (AH”U). He also authored Sheilos Hakohanim Torah on the avodah of the kohanim, Sh’Ut Veshav Hakohen, Mapei Lahon on the issur of lashon harah, and Daas Kedoshim.
Rav Aryeh Mordechai Halberstam of Shinova (1930)
Rabbi Elya Juransky, Rosh Yeshiva in Mir, Brooklyn (2005)
Rabbi Mordechai Zimmerman, renown mohel (1913-2005). Born in New York to Rabbi Yosef Yehoshua and Shaina Rochel Zimmerman, he attended Torah Vodaas, which his father help found. He and his two brothers were sent to Mir and Grodna in Europe. While in Europe, he met with the Chafetz Chaim. He received his ksav semicha from Rabbi Shimon Shkop. After his marriage, he settled in Dubuque, Iowa for 5 years, then settled in the Bronx. In the mid-1980s, he moved to Boro Park, where he became a prominent member of the Mirrer minyon. He is survived by 2 sons, a daughter, and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
Flood ends (2104 BCE)
On the 27th of Cheshvan of the year 1657 from creation (2104 BCE) "the earth dried" (Genesis 8:14) completing the 365-day duration of the great flood that wiped out all life on earth save for the eight human beings and and the animals (two of each species) in Noah's ark; on this day G-d commanded Noah to "Come out of the ark" and repopulate, settle and civilize the earth.
Rabbi Yaakov ben Rabbi David Yitzchok Leizer of Antwerp, Pshevorsker Rebbe (1998) son-in-law of Rabbi Itzikil Gewirtzman of Pshevorsk
Rabbi Yaakov Leizer, the Pshevorsker Rebbe, also known as RebYankele of Antwerp (1907-1999). Born in Galicia, he became a follower of the Koloshitzer Rebbe, Rabbi Chuna Halberstam, in 1926. He and his family were shipped to Siberia until the end of WW2. After the war, he traveled to America, Paris, and Antwerp.
Rabbeinu Yonah (ben Avraham) of Gerondi, France (1200 -1263). The Ramban's mother and Rabbeinu Yonah’s father were siblings. Many years later, the Ramban’s son, Rav Shlomo, married the daughter of Rabbeinu Yonah. Thus, the two great rishonim were mechutanim as well as first cousins. He was a student of Rav Shlomo ben Avraham Min Ha'Har. When King Louis XIV of France, "Saint" Louis,” burnt all the copies of the Talmud in Paris in the Square of the Louvre, Rabbeinu Yonah, one of the Rambam’s main detractors, felt that the events in Paris were a sign that he and the other opponents of the Rambam were seriously wrong. He then composed his work Shaarei Teshuvah, in which he outlined the methods of doing Teshuvah, and he traveled from place to place preaching about the need to back away from matters which cause division among the Jewish People. Among his talmidim are the Rashba and Ra’ah. [Others cite his yahrtzeit as 1, 8, or 11 Cheshvan]
Rabbi Zev Wold, Rav of Salik, author of Nachlas Binyomin (1686).
Rabbi Eliezer Lieber of Berditchev (1770)
Rabbi Shalom Eisen. Moreh Tzedek in the Beis Din of the Aida Hachareidis in Yerushalayim for over 50 years, he was a talmid of Rav Isser Zalmen Meltzer. He was considered an expert on esrogim.
Rabbi Gavriel Noach and Rivki Holtzberg and the Mumbai Kedoshim have their Hilula on 28th of Cheshvan. This Rabbinical couple lost their lives during the Mumbai attach on November 28 2008. They died Kiddush HaShem (For the Holyness of HaShem). They died because they are Jews. They are considered Tzadikim for this reason. There is much to be found on the web about them.
Rabbi Chaim ben Rabbi Dov Berish HaKohen Rappaport, author of Mayim Chaim
Rabbi Yitzchak Eizik Chover, author of Responsa Binyan Olam and Si’ach Yitzchak. One of his talmidim, HaRav Yitzchak Kahane, wrote Toldos Yitzchak (1852)
Rabbi Avraham Abish Kanner, the Tchechover Rebbe of Haifa (1983)
In most years Cheshvan has only 29 days. When this occurs the Hilula from the 30th is celebrated on the 29th.
Rabbi Yaakov Betzalel Zolty, Rav of Yerushalayim
Rabbi Tzvi Hersh Hakohen of Rimanov (1778-1846). From the age of fifteen, Tzvi Hersh began traveling to the court of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Rimanov. He became one of the Rebbe’s closest chassisdim and his personal attendant; he thus became know as Rabbi Tzvi Hersh Meshares. After the petira of Rabbi Naftali of Ropshitz (another of the closest chassidim of Rabbi Menachem Mendel), Rabbi Tzvi Hersh returned to Rimanov to accept the mantle of leadership of the chassidim. His divrei Torah were compiled and published by his son, Rabbi Yosef, under then name Be’eiros Hamayim. It is comprised of several sefarim, all beginning with the word Be’er. For example, the sefer Be’er Lechai Roi, contains his drushim on Chumash and the Yomim Tovim. Other teachings of his can be found in the sefer Mevasser Tov His Hilula falls on the thirtieth of Cheshvan, but since Cheshvan more often has only 29 days, it is generally commemorated on the 29th.
Rabbi Asher (Oscar) Fasman (1908-2003). Born in Chicago, he served as Rabbi in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and Ottowa, Canada, before returning to Chicago. He developed Hebrew Theological College from an afternoon only school to a full-time yeshiva, bringing gedolei Torah as Roshei Yeshiva. He was president of the yeshiva from 1946 to 1964, and also served as president of the Chicago Rabbinical Council and Rabbi of Congregation Yehuda Moshe in Lincolnwood, Illinois. His son, Rabbi Chaim Fasman, is Rosh Kollel in Los Angeles.
Rabbi Eliezer Yehudah Waldenberg (1914- 2006). He was born in Yerushalayim to Rabbi Yaakov Gedalyahu who came to Eretz Yisrael from Kovno in the early 1900s. He learned in the Eitz Chaim Yeshiva and developed a very warm bond with Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer. Rabbi Waldenberg wrote his first sefer, Dvar Eliezer, when he was only 19. Upon the passing of his mother and later his father both in the 1960s, he published two separate sefarim on the halachos of mourning. Rabbi Waldenberg got involved with medical ethics during the period that he served as rabbi of a shul adjacent to the old location of Sha'arei Tzedek Hospital in downtown Yerushalayim. Among those who attended was Professor Avraham Steinberg, a pediatric neurologist and head of the Medical Ethics Center at Sha'arei Tzedek, as well as the editor of the Talmudic Encyclopedia. "Doctors who prayed at the synagogue, myself included, started asking him questions. Eventually, he began teaching a weekly medical ethics class for doctors and nurses." His teshuvos were compiled in his magnum opus, a 21-volume set of responsa entitled Tzitz Eliezer. The first volume of Tzitz Eliezer was published in 1945, when he was not yet 30. In addition, he authored a book on the laws of sea travel on Shabbat called Shvisa b'Yam, a book on mourning laws called Ein Ya'acov and a book on legal issues in the modern state called Hilchos Medina. He was also a member on the Beis Din Hagadol where he sat together for many years with Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv. Rabbi and Rebbetzin Waldenberg merited to have one child, a son, Rabbi Simcha Bunim Waldenberg. Rabbi Simcha Bunim became a dayan in the Eidah Hachareidis and served as its appointed Rov of the neighborhood of Ezras Torah. He himself was known as a posek muvhak. Tragically, Rav Simcha Bunim passed away about two years ago.
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