Per the sages, it is good just to say the Name of a Tzadik. Of course the more one learns about each individual Tzadik strenghtens one's connection to that Tzadik and assists in the Channel of connection between you and he/she. As we develop more information about a particular Tzadik his or her name will appear as a Link. Otherwise it will just be listed below the date.
During the 3 weeks period, here is the link for the meditations recommended by the ARI
Here is a link to a discussion about Tammuz and the protection of the eyes during this month.
Please realize that the Hebrew day begins the evening before. thus Rosh Chodesh Tammuz Aleph begins June 18 2023 in the evening while the date in our matrix is June 19 representing the daylight hours of that day.
|Days of the month of Tammuz תמוז|
|Rosh Chodesh Tammuz Aleph -June 19||Rosh Chodesh Tammuz Bet -June 20||Tammuz 2 - ג June 21||Tammuz 3 - ד -June 22||Tammuz 4 - ה - June 23||Tammuz 5 - ו - June 24||Tammuz 6 - ז - June 25||Tammuz 7 - ח - June 26||Tammuz 8 - ט - June 27||Tammuz 9 - י - June 28|
|Tammuz 10 - י - June 29||Tammuz 11 - אי - July 30||Tammuz 12 -יב - July 1||Tammuz 13 -יג July 2||Tammuz 14 - יד July 3||Tammuz 15 - טו July 4||Tammuz 16 - טז July 5||Tammuz 17 - יז July 6||Tammuz 18 - יח July 7||Tammuz 19 - יט July 8||Tammuz 20 - כ July 9|
|Tammuz 21 - כ July 10||Tammuz 22 - אכ - July 11||Tammuz 23 - כב - July 12||Tammuz 24 - כג - July 13||Tammuz 25 - כד - July 14||Tammuz 26 - כה - July 15||Tammuz 27 - כו - July 16||Tammuz 28 - כז - July 17||Tammuz 29 - כח - July 18||Rosh Chodesh Av - א - July 19||2 Av- ב-July 20|
The day of 30th of Sivan/ June19 2023 is Rosh Chodesh Aleph .
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Levi Najara (1580 which is 5340 - השמ in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a talmid of the Arizal who wrote Lekach Tov on Rashi. He is also the father of Rabbi Yisroel Najara (See below on Rosh Chodesh Bet Tammuz . The energy of the year of his Hilula connects directly with THE NAME - HaShem.
Rabbi Chaim ben R' Yitzchok Kitza (1849 which is 5609 - תרט in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the Av Beis Din of Irsha, one of the great tzadikim of Hungary
Rabbi Shlomo Kluger (1869 which is 5629 - תרכט in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Yuda Ahron, Rov of Brod, author of Chochmas Shlomo and many other seforim. He was raised by the Dubno Magid.
Rabbi Meir Rosenbaum of Kretchnif (1908 which is 5668 - תרסח in the Hebrew Calendar) known as a great Baal Mofes and writer of kameyas He was the son of Rabbi Mordechai of Nadvorna. His year of Hilula has the energy of "being lessened".
Rabbi Kalonymus Kalman ben Rabbi Ahron Halevi Epstein of Krakow (1823 which is 5583 - תקפג in the Hebrew Calendar) was a talmid of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizensk. He was the first to spread chassidus in Krakow. His sefer, Meor V'shemesh, is one of the essential and most used seforim of chassidut.
Rabbi Shlomo ben Rabbi Meir Noson Halberstam, the first Bobover Rebbe (1905 which is 5665 - תרסה in the Hebrew Calendar).This year is connected to a shield by erecting a shutter.
Rabbi Yisrael ben Rabbi Moshe Najara He is a talmid of Arizal and wrote the famous Friday night song, Koh Ribbon Olam. He also wrote sefer Lekach Tov. (There seems to be some confusion between him and his father, who was listed yesterday. It does not hurt to include both Tzadikim on both days since the Rosh Chodesh energy is across both days.
Rabbi Shmuel ben Rabbi Yechiel of Cologne HY"D (1096 which is 4856 - תתנו or נוף in the Hebrew Calendar). He was killed by the crusaders.The year of his Hilula has the energy of recounting as well as to mourn. Had this information been available in his generation, perhaps fewer people would have been slaughtered by the crusaders? (comment by chanoch). The energy coming from Nof was not active and is considered background from the Hebrew word Nof.
Rabbi Nachman Horedenker ben Rabbi Yitzchok (1761 which is 5521 - תקנא in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a Talmid of the Baal Shem Tov and grandfather of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov. The year of his Hilula connects to the energy of zealousness or the negative aspect of this - Jealousy.
Rabbi Avraham Twersky, the Trisker Magid (1889 which is 5649 - תרמט in the Hebrew Calendar). He wrote Magen Avraham and was the son of Rabbi Mordechai of Chernobyl. His year of Hilula was a year of concealment.
Rabbi Dr. Bernard (Yissochar Dov) Illowy was born 1814 in Kolin, Bohemia and left on June 22, 1871 (which is 5631 - תרלא in the Hebrew Calendar) in Cincinnati, Ohio as the result of an accident on his farm there. He was one of the great Rabbonim who came to the USA in the 1800's. He was known for his oratory ability, and many of his English sermons and addresses were published. He was reportedly an accomplished linguist, and besides a thorough knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, spoke fluent German, English, French, and Italian. Unable to secure a position in the rabbinate in Europe due to his opposition to the Habsburg Empire, he therefore emigrated to the United States where he had an easier time finding a position as a rabbi. He was rabbi in New York City, Syracuse, Philadelphia, Baltimore, St. Louis and New Orleans, and finally Cincinnati, where he retired. Throughout his tenure in the United States, he was an ardent opponent of the spread of the Reform movement, eloquently and somewhat successfully challenging the movement’s religious innovations and leadership in the press in the United States and Germany. Rabbi Illowy’s political views regarding the Civil War were reflective of Confederate citizens of the day, agreeing in principle to the South’s right of secession and the right to hold slaves.
Rabbi Yaakov HaLevi Sapir, Rav in Saana, Yemen, author of Even Sapir
Rabbi Yosef Chaim Shneur ben R' Ahron Kotler, Lakewood Rosh Yeshiva (1982 which is 5742 - תשמב in the Hebrew Calendar). This year of Hilula is a year of movement and also connects to the 42 Letter name in a weak manner.
Rabbi Menachem Mendel ben Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Schneerson (1994 which is 5754 - תשנד in the Hebrew Calendar), the Seventh Lubavitcher Rebbe. He was born in 1902 to Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson and the Kabbalist Rabbi Levi Yitzchak Schneerson, and became the son-in-law of R Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson. He and his father-in-law are buried right next to each other in Queens, NY, minutes away from JFK Airport. These are probably the most visited kevarim outside of Eretz Yisrael and are accessible 24 hours a day. There is a visitor's center adjacent to the Ohel with a Shul and place for people to sit and have refreshments. Directions are available on the website www.chabad.org. For those that live too far away you can send a kvitel through their website.
He became the seventh Rebbe of the Chabad dynasty after his father-in-law, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, passed away in Brooklyn on 10 Shevat 1950. He initially resisted accepting the position but then decided to accept. He is widely acknowledged as the greatest Jewish leader of the second half of the 20th century. Although a dominant scholar in both the revealed and hidden aspects of Torah and fluent in many languages and scientific subjects, the Rebbe is best known for his extraordinary love and concern for every Jew on the planet. His emissaries around the globe dedicated to strengthening Judaism number in the thousands. Hundreds of volumes of his teachings have been printed, as well as dozens of English renditions. For those interested they can learn more at the Chabad website at www.chabad.org.
Rabbeinu Tam, Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir (1100-1171 which is 4931 תתקלג in the Hebrew Calendar). The Rabbeinu Tam is the grandson of Rashi. He disagreed with his grandfather in a number of areas. The most famous has to do with the order of the passages used in Tefillin. Today there are 2 recognized standards for the Tefillin. One is from Rashi and the other from Rabeinu Tam. The accepted custom is for a married man to start to wear both types of Tefillin.
Rabbi Pinchas Halevi Horowitz of Frankfurt (1730-1805 which is 5565 - תקסה in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch of Chortkov. One of the great talmidim of the Magid of Mezrich, together with his brother, the Rebbe Reb Shmelke of Nikolsberg. He wrote Sefer Haflah, Sefer Hamkeneh and Panim Yofos and was the Rebbe of the Chasam Sofer.
Rabbi Yisrael Ezriel Hildesheimer (1820-1899 which is 5531 - תקלא in the Hebrew Calendar), Rov in Germany, talmid of the Aruch La'ner.
Rabbi Eliyahu Lupas (1938 which is 5698 - תרצח in the Hebrew Calendar), Rov in Yeshiva Porat Yosef, wrote Sefer Imrei Pi and Ben Avichayal.
Rabbi Chaim Moshe Mandel, mekubal in Bnei Brak (1996 which is 5766 תשסו in the Hebrew Calendar).
Rabbi Bentzion ShemTov, born in Russia in 1902 CE (5662 in the Hebrew calendar), has been described as an extraordinary person, an outstanding example of a true Lubavitcher chossid. He learned in his youth in the Tomchei Temimim yeshivah in the town of Lubavitch. In later years he was banished to jails and prison camps in Siberia for teaching Judaism to children. While there his toes were frostbitten because of the severe Siberian cold, and for the rest of his life he had to wear specially made boots. This did not stop him walking thousands of miles to teach Judaism. In spite of discomfort he was always cheerful and constantly saw the bright side of things. For example, his daughter Frieda (Sudak) was once criticizing his Siberian exile, denouncing the Soviet authorities for their cruelty. Rabbi Shemtov rebuked her. He pointed out that the cold weather was good for his asthma! In any case, he continued, Siberia was preferable to being called up to serve in the Russian Army. In 1947 CE (5707 in the Hebrew calendar) he and his wife and family were free to emigrate to England. His wife, Golda, was also said to be a wonderful person, who voluntarily accompanied her husband into exile. She was a woman of great and simple faith. Together they had four sons and two daughters.
Immediately on arrival in the UK the Rabbi started the first Lubavitch Institution in London: a “school” with an enrollment of three pupils that operated out of his personal residence. That humble beginning was the foundation of the Lubavitch Empire in Great Britain today. Rabbi Shemtov traveled extensively on behalf of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, to spread and support Torah in North and South America and in Eretz Yisroel, working for klal Yisroel (the Jewish people). In 1975 CE (5735 in the Hebrew calendar) he went to Kfar Chabad, Israel, to set up a printing and book-binding cooperative for Russian immigrants. Tragically, he was struck by a car there, and passed on. He suffered no pain and no long illness, and was not a burden to anyone. That is what Rabbi Shemtov preferred. He died in the Land of Israel and was buried in the Holy City of Jerusalem.
Events from History that indicate the energy of the day
Ezekiel's Vision of the "Chariot" (429 BCE)
On the 5th of Tammuz of the year 3332 from creation (429 BCE), Ezekiel, the only one of the Prophets to prophesy outside of the Holy Land, beheld a vision of the Divine "Chariot" representing the spiritual infrastructure of creation.
This indicates a potential connection of unity to the Energy of the Day.
Rabbi Chaim De la Rosa (1786 which is 5546 - תקמו in the Hebrew Calendar), Talmid of the Rashash and author of Toras Chochom. The year of Hilula is "the year of His vengeance."
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Yaakov Shimshon of Kosov (1855 - 1925 which is 5685 - תרפה in the Hebrew Calendar) He is the author of Leket Ani. The year of his Hilulah has the energy of weakness.
Rabbi Shmuel Majar (1848 which is 5608 - תרח in the Hebrew calendar). He was the Av Beit Din in Yerushalayim and Rosh Yeshiva of Chasidei Beis El. The year of his Hilulah has the energy of Terach the father of Abraham Avinu. This means that it has the energy of Idol Worship as well as Teshuvah for Idol Worship. In Hebrew Terach is used as a colloquial expression of "an old and foolish man." This is also included in the energy of this year.
Rabbi Yisrael Yaakov Algazi (1756 which is 5516 - תקיו in the Hebrew Calendar).He is a Great Mekubal who lived in Turkey and Eretz Yisrael. He was the Rosh Yeshivah of Neveh Sholom Bris Avrohom and Beis El and was Rov of Yerushalyim. The essence of the hear of his Hilula is to sever the Male or His severing.
Rabbi Boruch Frankel-Tumim (1828 which is 5888 - תקפח in the Hebrew Calendar), He is the author of Boruch Taam, and also father-in-law of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz. The essence of the year of his Hilula is deprivation and striking and beating.
Rabbi Gedalya Schorr (1979 which is 5739 - תשלט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Rosh Yeshiva in Torah Vodaas, and also the author of Ohr Gedalyahu. The year of his Hilula has the essence of contrrol and command. Also there is an aspect of domination.
Rabbi Simcha Bunim Alter of Ger, the Lev Simcha (1992 which is 5752 in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the son of Rabbi Avraham Mordechai, the Imrei Emes. He became Rebbe after his brother, the Beis Yisroel, passed away on the 2nd of Adar.
Rabbi Shlomo ben Rabbi Yehudah HaKohen (1827 which is 5587 - תקפז in the Hebrew Calendar). He is considered a Great Mekubal who wrote Yafeh Sha'ah
Rabbi Meir ben Rabbi Eliezer Horowitz of Dzikov (1877 which is 5637 - תקלז in the Hebrew Calendar)He wrote the Sefer Imrei Noam.
Rabbi Eliyahu Manni (1899 which is 5531 - תקלא in the Hebrew Calendar). He is considered a Great Mekubal who was Rav of Chevron and wrote Zichronos Eliyahu.
People who Passed by Showa(1946 which is the year תשז which has the meaning of "weak 7"). Here is a written memory regarding a particular family who left a survivor who remembers eight.
Yesterday was the 8th of Tammuz. 68 years ago on that date, my grandmother, along with her parents and 6 siblings, arrived on a train at Auschwitz, stuffed into cattle cars so tightly that they could barely breath.
My grandmother was the oldest of the 7 siblings - 5 boys and 2 girls. When they got off the train, they were sent to be sorted. There sitting at the table was the monster they called "The Angel of Death" - Dr. Mengele. It was too much effort for him to even lift his finger and point. He merely rested his hand on the table and just twitched his finger to one side as each person walked by.
My grandmother and the next oldest sibling, a brother, were sent to one side. Her parents and other siblings were sent to the other side. That was the last time she ever saw them. A few minutes later, she and her brother were separated - she went with the other girls, he went with the boys. That was the last time she'd ever see his face.
One thing she did notice was that her brother was given a very distinct-looking pair of shoes. A few weeks later she was walking near the fence separating the boys and girls. On the bottom she saw those shoes walking by on the other side of the fence. She never knew if it was her brother or someone else who took them from his dead body.
68 years is a long time. My grandmother now has 4 children, 17 grandchildren, many more great-grandchildren (she told me she lost count already), and one great-great-grandchild. Imagine if her family had survived how much larger the family would be!
It's said that all victims of the Holocaust went straight up to Gan Eden to the special place for those who died al kiddush HaShem. Do they need a zchus from me for an aliyas neshama? They're already at amazing heights! I just hope that I don't disappoint them and that I'm a source of pride for them.
Lipa Eliezer ben Shlomo
Breindel bas Moshe
Mordechai ben Lipa Eliezer
Avraham ben Lipa Eliezer
Gitel bas Lipa Eliezer
Berel ben Lipa Eliezer
Gedaliah ben Lipa Eliezer
Yaakov ben Lipa Eliezer
Rabbi Yekusiel Yehuda ben Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Halberstam, the Klausenberger Rebbe, (1994 which is 5754 - תשנד in the Hebrew Calendar). The Klausenberger Rebbe moved to Israel in 1990. He spent much effort in visiting the Kivrai (burial sites) of many Tzadikim prior to his death. There are many stories told about these visits.
Rabbi David Lifshitz (1993 which is 5753 - תשנג in the Hebrew Calendar). He was known as the Suvalker Rov.
Rabbi Yosef Shlomo Dayan (1985 which is 5745 - תשמה in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a Talmid of Rabbi Mordechai Sharabi a great Sephardi Sage of the 20th Century.
Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin (1966 which is 5726 - תשכו in the Hebrew Calendar). He is known as the Lutzker Rav and wrote Oznaim L'Torah. the year of his Hilula was a year of calmness and subsiding of excitement.
Rabbi Moshe Chevroni (1975 which is 5735 - תשלה in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Rosh Yeshiva of Chevron Yeshiva, Talmid of the Chofetz Chaim and wrote Masaas Moshe. His year of Hilula concealed the energy of Plunder as well as "to be Tranquil and at ease".
Rabbi Eliezer of Neustadt ben Rabbi Tzvi Halevi Horowitz (1843 which is 5603 - תרג in the Hebrew Calendar) grandson of the Chozeh of Lublin. The year of his Hilula has the energy of conversion.
Reb Zalman Schachter-Shalomi z"l He was assigned outreach by the Chabad Rebbe. His life was spent in motivating Jews to become Chozer Teshuvah - Return to HaShem.
Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch of Zhidachov ben Rabbi Yitzchok Issac Eichenstein was born in Sambor, Ukraine, in 1763, and left June 22, 1831 which is 5591 - תקצא in the Hebrew Calendar, in Zidichov, Galicia. He was a famous Hasidic Rebbe, a noted Talmudist, Kabbalist and author of novellae on Torah and Responsa. He founded the Zidichov Hasidic dynasty. Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch is the oldest of 5 brothers - all of whom were great Rabbis. He was a talmid of the Chozeh of Lublin, Reb Moshe Leib of Sassov, Magid of Kozhnitz and Reb Mendel of Rimanov. He was very involved in the study of kabalah and wrote seforim on kabalah and the revealed Torah. His many seforim including Ateres Tzvi on Zohar (he is known by the name of this sefer) and Bais Yisroel on Torah.
It is related in Israel Berger, Eser Kedushot (Piotrkow, 1906), Maarekhet Moharaza Mi-Zidachov, p. 39, that Rabbi Zvi Hirsch of Zhidachov said to his brother Rabbi Moses of Sambor that in one of his transmigrations he had been the Riba (Rabbi Ishmael ben Elisha), the High Priest.
There is a story told about his father Rabbi Yitzchok Issac Eichenstein who, sighed a great sigh. When asked what that was about by his wife, he replied that he was worried about how they (he and his wife) would go to Gan (garden) Eden? His wife replied with 2 words from the Parasha Chukat. They are בַּמְסִלָּה נַעֲלֶה, (Numbers Chapter 20 Verse 19) on the highway we will go up. What she really meant by these words was: נַעֲלֶה we will go up to Gan Eden - בַּמְסִלָּה has the first letters of their son's names: Beirish, Moshe, Sender, Lipa and Hirsh. Through the merit of our great sons we will merit Gan Eden.
Rabbi Yaakov ben Rabbi Asher, Baal HaTurim (1270 -1340, which is 5030 to 5100 in the Hebrew Calendar) son of the Rosh. He wrote a major work named Tur. The author is simply known as "Baal Haturim" meaning "Author of the Turim". The Baal HaTurim revealed many secrets from the Torah in the Gematria of words, acrostics, forming of letters, word patterns within the Scriptures, and he revealed many novel Torah understandings from similar words used in other parts of the Tanach. Rabbi Jacob ben Asher was born. His illustrious father, Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel, famous as the ROSH, was one of the greatest Talmudists of his day. He was a disciple of the famous Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg, leader of German Jewry, who was imprisoned by the German government and held for ransom. Count Meinhard of Goitz, then head of the government, would have none but Rabbi Asher as surety for the raising of the ransom money. Rabbi Meir, however, forbade his people to ransom him, in order not to encourage the governors of other places to imprison Jewish scholars and leaders for ransom. While Rabbi Asher and the Count negotiated for the release of Rabbi Meir, and Rabbi Asher tried to raise the huge sum from the various Jewish communities in Germany, Rabbi Meir died in prison. Rabbi Asher now considered the negotiations as null and void, but the governor still demanded the ransom money and held Rabbi Asher responsible for it. Rabbi Asher, therefore, had to flee from Germany, and he successfully made his escape together with his family, among whom was Rabbi Jacob, then still a young boy. For many years before this happened, German Jewry had suffered terrible persecution and massacres, with. the result that the great Talmud academies were slowly being destroyed. With the departure of Rabbi Asher from that country, a great period of Talmudic study in Germany came to an end, but it began to flourish anew in Spain, where Rabbi Asher finally settled. The Jewish community of Toledo accepted the German refugee as its chief rabbi. He immediately set up a Yeshivah there, and he, with his children after him, exerted a strong influence upon Jewish life and scholarship in Spain, as well as elsewhere.The year of his birth has the essence of teaching with in it. The year of his Hilula has the energy of a monkey within it.
Rabbi Eliyahu Yosef ben Rabbi Aryeh Leib Rivlin (1805 which is 5565 - תקסה --- his year of birth - 1865 which is 5625 - תרכה in the Hebrew Calendar) He taught Chabad Chassidus in Yerushalayim, wrote Ohalei Yosef. His year of birth reveals an energy of inference or conclusion. Also, it is a powerful energy relating to "light a fire." His Hilula reveals the energy of "becoming soft or tender."
Today is the birthday of the Sixth Chabad Rebbe - R. YOSEF YITZCHAK OF LUBAVITCH BORN 1880 - This is also the day he was liberated from the Soviet gulag and exile. He is one of two Tzadikim buried in the United States of America. This is in the New York area. The seventh Rebbe Rabbi Schneerson would visit his kever quite often in his early years of being "the Rebbe".
Rabbi Elchanan Bunim HY"D (1941 which is 5701 - תשא in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Naftali Beinish Wasserman. The year of his Hilula is considered a year of elevation. He was a talmid of the Chofetz Chaim and was Rosh Yeshiva of
Baranovitch. His seforim are widely used in Yeshivas and include Kovetz Heoros, Kovetz Shiurim, Kovetz Maamarim and Ikvasa D'Meshicha.
Reb Elchonon was murdered in cold blood together with many other Jews, when the Nazi army entered Lithuania. Reb Ephraim Oshry, who became a Rav on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, was 27 years old at that time. He was one of the few that managed to escape. He related over the following about the last thing Reb Elchonon told them.
When they saw the end was near Rabbi Elchanan got up and spoke to them. He spoke the same way he always did; he was calm and there was no indication of panic.
He said the following:
"In Heaven it seems that they deem us to be tzadikim, because we have been chosen to be korbonos for Klal Yisroel. Therefore, we must do teshuvah now. We don't have much time. We must keep in mind that we will be better korbonos if we do teshuvah. In this way we will save the Yidden in America. Let no foreign thought enter our minds, Chas V'Shalom, as that will make us pigul, an unfit korban. We are now fulfilling the greatest mitzvah; Yerushalayim was destroyed with fire and will be rebuilt with fire. The same fire that will consume our bodies will one day rebuild Klal Yisroel."
Rabbi Aryeh Leib ben Rabbi Mordechai Halevi Epstein (1775 which is 5535 - תקלה in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Hapardes. This year of Hilula has within it the essence of burning or roasting. It also has the idea of an obstacle and malfunction. Also the energy of disgrace. While these energies seem negative, remember this Rav chose this year to leave in order to help you overcome the obstacles in your life.
Rabbi Chaim HaCohen Rappaport Rav of Lvov
Rabbi Mordechai of Kremnitz (1820 which is 5580 - תקף in the Hebrew Calendar ) ben Rabbi Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov This year of Hilula has the energy of validity as well as the essence of forcing and overpowering.
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Naftali Hirsch Rivkash (1671 which is 5431 - תלא in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of Be'er Hagolah a commentary on Shulchan Aruch. The year of Hilula has the essence of active Godliness and also a curse.
Rabbi Chanoch Henoch Dov ben Elazer Rubin (1920 which is 5680 - תרף in the Hebrew Calendar). He was called the Sassover Rebbe of London. The year of his Hilula has the energy of Nakedness and Weakness.
Rabbi Yosef ben Rabbi Moshe Trani, Maharit (1639 which is 5399 - שצט in the Hebrew Calendar).
Rabbi Mordechai Attiah (1978 which is 5738 - תשלח in the Hebrew Calendar). He is considered a Great Sephardic Rosh Yeshiva in Yerushalyim. This year of Hilula has the energy of sending away or divorcing. It also includes the energy of stretching or extending oneself.
Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchok ben Yehudah Leib HaLevi Ruderman (1987 which is 5747 - תשמז in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the Founder and Rosh Yeshiva of Ner Yisroel of Baltimore, and also talmid of the Alter of Slabodka.
Rabbi Yitzchok Isaac Rosenbaum, Zutchka Rebbe (2000 which is 5760 - תשס in the Hebrew Calendar). He is a son of Rabbi Isamar of Nadvorna. His year of Hilulah is mentioned in the Sefer Chesed Avraham by Rabbi Avraham Azulai as the year for the beginning of Techiat HaMaytim (the resurrection of the dead). Some modern Kabbalists teach that after this year no one HAS to die. Now it is free choice to die or not.
Rabbi Chaim ben Rabbi Moshe Ibn Atar, the Ohr HaChaim HaKodosh (1743 which is 5503 - תקג in the Hebrew Calendar).
Rabbi Chayim ben Attar, known as “the Ohr HaChayim Hakadosh (holy)”, devoted his life to Torah study, Kabbalah and writing his commentaries. He earned a living as a weaver, who specialized in gold embroidery, with unparalleled workmanship, and in the few hours a day that he was willing to devote to his trade, he earned enough money to support his family, as well as see to the needs of many poor Torah scholars in his city.
Eventually, he became the rabbi of a city in Morocco called Sali. It was his custom every Friday, to slaughter an animal in honor of the Shabbos meal, and after providing for his family, he would distribute meat from the animal he slaughtered to poor Torah scholars in the city.
It happened one Friday that a number of animals were slaughtered by the local shochet in town were all found to be treife (unfit), with the sole exception of the Ohr HaChayim’s animal. As he was giving a portion to a poor but well-respected Torah scholar, a rich member of the community, who had not been able to purchase meat due to the shortage, demanded that the poor scholar sell him his meat for Shabbos.
On being refused, the man started cursing and abusing the Torah scholar. All those present, including the Ohr HaChayim himself, were stunned into silence by the outburst of the wealthy and influential community leader. They did not wish to get involved.
That night, the Ohr HaChayim had a dream in which he was chastised for standing idly by while a Torah scholar was being abused. As a result, he was ordered by Heavenly decree to go into exile for atonement. The Ohr HaChayim accepted his fate and with the conclusion of Shabbos, took up his walking staff and began wandering along the coast of Morocco. He walked for the next six days, stopping in old dusty synagogues to pray and often to sleep for the night. He ate little and studied much Torah.
By the following Friday, the day before the Shabbat of the Torah portion of Bechukotai (Levit. 26:3-27:34) was to be read, he sat down in a random Beis Medrash and wrote down his original insights into that weekly reading. That day, the Ohr HaChayim recorded 42 explanations on the first three words of the opening verse, “Eem bechukotai- teileichu -- “If you will walk in My statutes and keep My commandments.” Till today, one who studies the commentary of the Ohr HaChayim on this verse is awestruck at the proficiency with which he transcribed his prolific holy thoughts.
Friday night, after Kabolas Shabbos, one of the locals kindly invited the unknown visitor to stay with him over Shabbos. R’ Chayim kept his identity secret. After the meal, the host and his guest went to visit the local sage, who had a reputation as a Kabbalist, capable of repeating Torah thoughts as they were being discussed in Heaven.
The sage announced that he was going to say 14 explanations on the first verse, which were now being said in Heaven in the name of the Ohr HaChayim Hakadosh, Rabbeinu (“our Rabbi”) Chaim ben Attar. Suddenly from the back of the room, a voice was heard. “Chaim ibn Attar,” shouted the unknown visitor, omitting the title “our Rabbi”!
The sage did not look pleased at the slight to the honor of the great Ohr HaChayim but carried on, not wanting to make a fuss. The next day, the same thing happened after lunch. The Kabbalist sage recited another 14 explanations being discussed in heaven in the name of Rabbeinu Chaim ben Attar, and once again, the stranger shouted, “Chayim ibn Attar,” again intentionally omitting “Rebbeinu.”
When it happened a third time at the Third Meal, the Kabbalist as well as the local townspeople, lost patience with the visitor. They took him and put him in a community lockup.
Suddenly, and without warning, a powerful storm arose, the likes of which had never been seen in that region. The lights went out and the buildings rocked. The people were terrified -- they had never experienced such a ferocious wind.
The sage recognized that something was amiss and proceeded to make a " she’elat chalom" (“a dream inquiry” to heaven). The answer came back: Over Shabbos, the souls of those in Gehinnom (Purgatory) are released to spend Shabbos in heaven. Unfortunately, now that Shabbos is over, these tortured souls cannot return to their place as the holy Ohr HaChayim is locked in your jail!The sage realized what had happened and who their illustrious guest is, and quickly released the great tzadik. The Ohr HaChayim was thus informed that his exile was over, as he had suffered the same abuse that he had witnessed in silence
Rabbi Aryeh Leib ben Rabbi Asher Ginzberg, the Shagas Aryeh (1695 which is 5455 - תנה -1785 which is 5545 - תקמה in the Hebrew Calendar ).He is considered one of the greatest minds of his time. The Vilna Gaon said that the Shagas Aryeh was greater than him in nigleh (revealed Torah), but not in nistar (concealed Torah).This year of his birth has the energy of narrating or telling a story, while the year of Hilula is "the year of vengeance."
Rabbi Amram Blau, He was head of Neturei Karta in Yerushalayim (1974 which is 5734 - תשלד in the Hebrew Calendar). There are more than one Neturei Karta in Yerushalayim. The shita of this "Neturei Karta" was basically the same as that of the Satmar Rebbe. He fought against the desecration of Shabbos in Eretz Yisroel and was respected by the Chazon Ish and many other gedolim of the time. His brother was Rabbi Moshe Blau of Agudas Yisroel.
Chur, son of Kalev and Miriam (1309 B.C.E. which is 2451 - תנא in the Hebrew Calendar). He was killed trying to prevent the making of the Eigel. Chur did his Tikune in allowing himself to be killed by the Erev Rav while this was the mistake that Aaron made in not allowing himself to be killed. Aaron saw the death of Chur and thought that he did not have to do the same action for his Tikune (correction).
Rabbi Yitzchok Leonini Azulai, grandson of the Chida
Rabbi Aharon Yosef Bakst, Rav of Shavel, HY"D(1941 which is 5701 תשא in the Hebrew Calendar). The year of his Hilula is considered a year of elevation.
Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heschel ben Rabbi Yitzchok Meir, Kapitchnitzer Rebbe (1967 which is 5727 - תשכז in the Hebrew Calendar).
The 17th of Tammuz is a Morning to Evening Fast. The purpose of the Fast is to begin to remember the Spiritual Cause of the Destruction of the Walls of Jerusalem as one step in the Process of the Destruction of the Temple. This day should have been a day of Happiness but we built the Golden Calf. Use this fast to do Teshuvah around the mistake called Idol Worship.
Rabbi Yehuda ben Rabbi Asher, He is the son of the Rosh, a Talmudic Sage.
Rabbi Shmuel Yaakov Weinberg, Rosh Yeshiva of Ner Yisroel (1999 which is 5759 - תשנט in the Hebrew Calendar).
Rabbi Chaim Meir Yechiel ben Rabbi Dov Beirish Shapiro (2007 which is 5767 - תשסז in the Hebrew Calendar). He is known as the Naroler Rav who passed away just shy of his 100th birthday.
Rabbi Yitzchok Isaac ben Rabbi Yoel Leib Halevi Herzog was born December 3, 1888 (Kislev 29, 5649) in Łomża, Poland. He became Chief Rabbi of Ireland and later Israel (1888-1959). His father, Rav Yoel Leib Herzog (1865-1933) was Chief Rabbi of Paris. From his birth until his 16th birthday, Reb Yitzchak studied at the feet of his father. He was given smicha by Rav Yaakov Willowski (the Ridbaz, author of a peyrush on the Yerushalmi). In 1916, he was named Chief Rabbi of Belfast, Ireland. Later he served in the same post in Dublin, and later he became Chief Rabbi of all of Ireland. Following the passing of Rav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook in 1935, Rav Herzog was invited to become Eretz Yisrael’s second Ashkenazi chief rabbi. He served in that capacity from 1933 until his petira in 1959 (5719 - תשיט in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the author of the Heichal Yitzchok. The year of his Hilulah has the energy of sailing within it.
Rabbi Eliezer Yehuda ben Rabbi Nosson Tzvi Finkel, He was Rosh Yeshiva of Mir (1965 which is 5725 - תשכה in the Hebrew Calendar). His father was the Alter of Slabodka. The year of his Hilula has the energy of calming down and subsiding.
Rabbi Zalman Schacter-Shalomi, was one of the founders of the Jewish Renewal movement, which describes itself as a way to practice Judaism with a focus on spiritual practice and a personal relationship with God. This movement emerged from the counterculture of the 1960s and ’70s as a New Age expression of Judaism. “They connect with young Jews who are seekers, disaffected with suburban Judaism, but quite certain that Judaism needs to be revitalized,” said Jonathan Sarna, a historian at Brandeis University. Shachter-Shalomi, affectionately known by his followers as Reb Zalman, reinvigorated prayer by introducing chants, dance, and meditation into services. In our generation a person becomes a Tzadik when he does a Mitzvah or good deed. One aspect of Reb Zalman's teaching is that when when he does a negative action he loses the status of a Tzadik, but he can regain that status with the next Mitzvah. While the Renewal movement has been controversial, and disparaged by many Jews for its inclusion of yoga and the use of hallucinogenic drugs at one point, and other "non-Jewish" practices, the movement as a whole continues to be active and evolving.
Schachter-Shalomi was born in Poland in 1924, and his family moved to Vienna to work. They fled from there to Belgium in 1938 and then continued from Antwerp to Marseilles and then Spain, Algeria, Morocco, Senegal, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico before finally landing in New York in 1943. Young Zalman encountered some Lubavitchers during his time in Antwerp, and in Marseilles he met Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the man who would become the seventh Lubavitcher Rebbe and one of Schachter-Shalomi’s most important spiritual teachers. Some of his relatives couldn’t get out of Poland. Schachter-Shalomi’s own brother Akiva had decided not to go west with the rest of the family; he remained in Oświęcim, Poland, where he and his family were among the first to be gassed in the town the Germans renamed Auschwitz.
Into his early twenties, Schachter-Shalomi was a Lubavitcher, ordained a rabbi by this group, and believed passionately in that way of life. Once he married, he was sent off on shlichut to New Bedford, Mass. While in Massachusetts, he did coursework at Boston University for a Ph.D. in religion with Howard Thurman, an African-American Christian. Of this experience, he recounted “From that time on, I couldn’t see that reading or exchanging ideas with goyim was wrong. It was possible to know them as sincere servants of God, and I could learn from them.” The website of Aleph, the Alliance for Jewish Renewal, defines the movement as a “joyful, creative, deeply spiritual, and relevant approach to Judaism.” Much of the movement is not affiliated with other denominations, yet rabbis of all liberal denominations have taken classes at Renewal retreat centers and from Renewal teachers. Many of Schachter-Shalomi’s ideas have thus permeated more mainstream Jewish life. Schachter-Shalomi died July 5, 2014, in Boulder, CO.
Rabbi Yona Stenzel, initiator of Halacha and Mishnah Yomi
Rabbi Bentzion Abba Shaul ben Rabbi Eliyahu (1998 which is 5758 - תשנח in the Hebrew Calendar), He was Rosh Yeshiva of Porat Yosef, Great Sephardic tzadik who was recognized as one of the greatest halachic authorites of his time. His year of Hilula has the essence of comfort within it.
Rabbi Nosson Nota Hanover HY"D (1683 which is 5443 - תמג in the Hebrew Calendar) ben Rabbi Moshe was a talmid of the Maharshal and author of Yaven Metzula and Shaarei Tzion, a very popular kabalistic sefer of tefilos and minhagim. He was killed by a stray bullet. (Kabbalah teaches there are no stray bullets). The year of His Hilula has the energy of a dimple.
Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Bloch HY"D ben Rabbi Yosef Leib. He was Telzer Rosh Yeshiva (1941 which is 5701 - תשא in the Hebrew Calendar). He was killed by the Nazis. The year of his Hilula is considered a year of elevation.
Rabbi Avraham Chaim Noeh (1954 which is 5714 - תשיד in the Hebrew Calendar) He was one of the leading poskim in Eretz Yisroel. His "shiurim" for units of measure are among the most well known, even by those that don't use them. He is the author of Ketzos HaShulchon, Shiurei Torah and Gesher HaChaim. The year of his Hilula has the energy of threshing and also trampling.
Rabbi Chaim Shaul Karelitz (2001 which is 5761 ־ תשסא in the Hebrew Calendar), He is the nephew of the Chazon Ish, and also Mashgiach Ruchni of Yeshiva Beis Meir and Talmud Torah Tashbar.
Rabbi Shlomo Machlama, He is the author of Merkaves HaMisheneh on Rambam.
Rabbi Avraham Mattisyahu ben Rabbi Menachem Nochum Friedman of Shtefanesht (1933 which is 5693 - תרצג in the Hebrew Calendar)
Rabbi Shlomo HaLevi of Karlin HY"D (1792 which is 5552 - תקנב in the Hebrew Calendar) ben RabbiMeir. He was a talmid of the Magid of Mezritch and Rabbi Ahron HaGadol of Karlin, who he succeeded as Rebbe. After his passing Rabbi Ahron HaGadol's son, Reb Asher, became Rebbe.
Rabbi Avraham Grodzinksi HY"D (1942 which is 5702 - תשב in the Hebrew Calendar ), He was Mashgiach Ruchni of the Slabodka Yeshiva. The year of his Hilula has the energy of waiting or sitting.
Rabbi Levi Yitzchak ben Rabbi Avraham Noach Bender(1989 which is 5749 - תשמט in the Hebrew Calendar). He was a talmid of Rabbi Avraham Chazan and was one of the great Breslov leaders of his time. The Hebrew Shoresh for this Hilula year indicates "to leave fallow" or 'to drop."
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Yaakov Cordovero, the Ramak (1570 which is 5330 - של in the Hebrew Calendar). He was one of the most famous mekubalim. He studied nigleh (revealed Torah) under Rabbo Yosef Caro and Kabala under his brother-in-law, Rabbi Shlomo Alkabetz. He wrote several seforim, including Pardes Rimonim and Tomer Devorah. The Satmar Rebbe had a kabala (receiving) from the Divrei Chaim of Sanz that the sefer Tomer Devorah is a segula for the "known disease" – may HaShem save us, and if one isn't able to learn it himself, he should have someone read it in front of him. (It is available in English translation). The energy of this year of Hilula includes the energy of an error as well as "belonging to." There is a story told about his burial. When he was about to be buried 2 different towns were striving for the right to bury him. He had told his student that the one who could "see" the fire when he was buried would be the next teacher and the whole world would follow his method. At the buriel the only person who could see the fire was the ARI who was new in town.
Rabbi Gedalia Ahron ben Rabbi Elazar Mordechai Kenig (1980 which is 5740 - תשם in the Hebrew Calendar). This year of Hilula includes the essence of life called breathing. He is one of the leaders of Breslov movement. And was a talmid muvhak of Rabbi Avraham Sternhartz, who encouraged him to establish Kiryat Breslov in Tzefas. His son, Rabbi Elazar Mordechai Shlita, is the current leader of the community. Rabbi Gedalia wrote Chayei Nefesh, on Rabbi Chaim Volozhiner's Nefesh HaChaim, proving that there is no argument between Chassidim and Misnagdim on the principles and foundations of Yidishkeit, as they are beyond dispute. Parts have been translated into English by Rabbis Dovid Sears and Dovid Zeitlin, of The Breslov Center.
Rabbi Yechezkel Katzenellenbogen, the Knesses Yechezkel (1749 which is 5509 - תשט in the Hebrew Calendar).
Rabbi Shaul Moshe Zilberman, the Rav of Viereshov, author of Pardes Shaul.
Rabbi Yaakov Yosef ben Rabbi Dov (1902 which is 5662 - תרסב in the Hebrew Calendar). He is the first and only Chief Rabbi of New York. He was a talmid of the Volozhiner Yeshiva and was known as "Reb Yaakov Charif" because of his sharp mind. He is buried in Queens, NY at Union Field Cemetery. Large crowds go to daven there on the yartzeit, and the cemetery opens earlier and closes later on the yartzeit. The Satmar Rebbe encouraged people to go to his kever. People also go there throughout the year to daven for yeshuos.
Rabbi Meir HaLevi of Apta ben Rabbi Shmuel (1827 which is 5587 - תקפז in the Hebrew Calendar), author of Ohr LaShomayim. He was the Rav of Apta after the Ohev Yisroel, who moved to Mezibuz, after sensing that Rabbi Meir was supposed to become Rav of Apta. He was a talmid muvhak of the Chozeh of Lublin. One of his most famous talmidim is the Tiferes Shlomo of Radomsk.
Rabbi Ahron Brachya of Modina, author of Maavar Yabok
Rabbi Yehoshua Ben Rabbi Yoseph He is a Sephardic Sage. He was the Av Bet Din of קראקה . His year of Hilula is 5408 which is 1648 in the Georgian Calendar. This was the year of the Chelminki Massacres for the Ashkenazi.
Rabbi Yehuda Moshe Patia. He is the author of the Sefer Bet Lechem Yehuda. He is a Sefardic Sage. His year of Hilula is 5702 which is 1942. The year of his Hilula has the energy of waiting or sitting.
Rabbi Raphael Otana from Taberias. He is the author of the Sefer Merea HaYeladim. His year of HIlulim is 5662 which is 1902. The essence of this year of Hilula is to turn aside or deviate.
Yoseph HaTzadik Head of the Tribe. Read about Yoseph in the Book of Beraishit (Genesis) starting with the Parasha of Vayishlach and continuing through the last Verses of the Book.
There will be a late night study to connect with Joseph HaTzadik the evening of _________. The teleconference will begin at -------- PM Pacific time. The phone number is 1-712-832-8330; The pincode is 911904#. The conference is recorded and you must agree to be recorded by pushing 1.
Rabbi Shmuel Rozovsky, Rosh Yeshiva in Ponovezh
Rabbi Elazar AbuhatzeiraHe was assasinated by a deranged individual in the year 5711. He was born in the year 5708. His Hebrew name was Elazar Ben Meir. He was known to be "a miracle worker" because his blessing manifested in this world. The man who killed him, by stabbing, had received many blessings from him that manifested. When he requested a blessing for Shalom Bayit that did not seem to work he (in his deranged mind) blamed Rabbi Elazar.
Rabbi Elazar of Lizhensk (1806 which is 5566 - תקסו in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the oldest son of the Rebbe Reb Elimelech of Lizensk. He put together his father's sefer, Noam Elimelech, which has several letters of Rabbi Elazar in the back. His sons were Rabbi Naftali of Lizensk and Rabbi Mendel Ber of Pshevorsk and his son-in-law was Rabbi Chaim Meir Yechiel Shapira of Moglenitz.
Rabbi Moshe ben Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Teitelbaum of Uhel (1841 which is 5601 - תרא in the Hebrew Calendar), author of Yismach Moshe, was a talmid of the Chozeh of Lublin. He said he remembers himself in a previous gilgul in Mitzraim and could even describe what the house that he stayed in looked like. He said that when the machlokes of Korach took place he didn't take any sides; he stayed in his tent until the machlokes ended and only then came out, when it was determined who was correct. Rabbi Meshulam Igra said on him: "Moshe Emes v'Toraso Emes." The Sighet and Satmar dynasties descend from him.
Rabbi Shlomo ben Yosef Ganzfried (1886 which is 5646 - תרמו in the Hebrew Calendar), author of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch.
Rabbi Nachman ben Rabbi Chaim Aryeh HaKohen Kahana (1904 which is 5664 - תרסד in the Hebrew Calendar). He was the Av Beis Din of Spinka. He was the son-in-law of the first Spinka Rebbe, the Imrei Yosef. He wrote sefer Orchos Chaim on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim.
Rabbi Yaakov Shaul Elishar (1906 which is 5666 - תרסו in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Eretz Yisroel. The Givat Shaul neighborhood in Yerushalayim is named after him.
Rabbi Chaim Friedlander (1986 which is 5746 - תשמו in the Hebrew Calendar). He was Mashgiach in Ponovezh and also the author of Sifsei Chaim.
Rabbi Yochonan Hasandler, Tanna
Rashi - רשי, Rabbi Shlomo ben Rabbi Yitzchok lived from 22 February 1040 to 13 July 1105, 4800 - 4865 in the Hebrew calendar. Interestingly, he was 33 generations from R' Yochanan Hasandlar, whose yartzeit is the same day. He was generally known as Rashi, and is said to have been a descendant of David, although he himself made no such claim at all. Rashi was born in the town of Troyes in northern France. His father Yitzchak was a great scholar, but very poor. He made a meager living from the sale of wine.
Rashi was still a youngster when he left his home town and went to Worms and other towns that were known for their great Torah scholars. With great zeal Rashi learnt Torah and Talmud, and after some eight years of ardent study, he returned to his home town again. He was then about 25 years of age, and continued to study on his own. Rashi began to write his famous commentary on the Tanach and Talmud at an early age. The Tanach was very difficult to understand properly, and the Talmud was even more difficult. Rashi decided to write a commentary in simple language that would make it easy for every one to learn and understand the Torah. But he was very modest, and even after he had become famous far and wide, he hesitated to come out into the open with his commentary. So what did he do? He wrote his commentaries on slips of parchment and set out on a two years' journey, visiting the various Torah academies of those days. He went 'incognito,' never disclosing his identity. Rashi came to a Yeshivah and sat down to listen to the lecture of the Dean of the Yeshivah. There came a difficult passage in the Talmud which the Rabbi struggled to explain to his students; but did not succeed very well. When Rashi was left alone, he took the slip with his commentary, in which that passage of the Talmud was explained simply and clearly, and put it into the Gemora of the head of the academy. On the following morning, when the Rabbi opened his Gemora he found a mysterious slip of parchment in which the passage of the Talmud was so clearly and simply explained that he was amazed. He told his students about it, and they all decided it must have been sent from heaven. Rashi listened to their praises of his commentary and was very happy to know how useful it was to the students, but he did not say that it was his. And so Rashi went on visiting various academies of the Torah in various lands and cities, and everywhere he planted his slips of commentaries secretly. The way these slips were received, made Rashi realize more and more how needed they were, and he continued to write his commentaries on the entire Chumash, Prophets, and all the tractates of the vast 'Sea of the Talmud.' These "mysterious" slips of parchment were copied and widely circulated throughout all the academies of the Torah, but nobody knew who the author was. Once Rashi was discovered planting a slip of his commentary anonymously in the usual manner, the secret was out. Immediately he was acclaimed by all as the great author of that wonderful commentary. Rashi's name became known throughout the world. Soon he became known as a very great scholar, and thousands of students and scholars flocked to him, to learn from him. Rashi was elected Rabbi of his town, Troyes, but he did not accept any wages, and made his living from the sale of wine, like his father used to do. On the 29th day of Tammuz, in the year 4865, Rashi passed away at 65 years of age, and was buried in Troyes. The year of his Hilula has the energy of a stonemason. Reb Sholom of Belz says that whoever learns and completes Rashi on the Parasha each week is assured that he will be able to sit in the Mesivta of Rashi in Olam Habah. The Rebbe of Pinsk-Karlin told over the following story:
There were a group of students traveling to Meron, and they flipped over, causing the death of 3 of them. The chavrusa of one of these students was extremely saddened by the death of his dear friend. One night this dead friend came to him in a dream and said: “Don’t be sorrowful. Remember how we used to learn Chumash and Rashi, every week, with great diligence. Now, when I came to the Upper World, they judged that I should be admitted into the chamber of Rashi in Gan Eden, and therefore there is no need for you to be in sorrow”.
There is much written about Rashi on the web.
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