Zohar Behar Section 2 - Then Shall the Land Keep a Shabbat to HaShem

It is recommended to study the section prior to reading the Synopsis.

Zohar Section 2 Commentary on Parasha BEHAR


We are told that when Yisrael entered the land there were no lower judgments and everything was peaceful. Rabbi Elazar talks about the Sabbatical Year that is total rest for the spirit and body.

Pasook 5. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Behar

ת"ח, כֵּיוָן דְּעָאלוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל לְאַרְעָא, לָא אִשְׁתְּכָחוּ בָּהּ דִּינִין תַּתָּאִין, וכ"י הֲוַת בָּהּ בְּנַיְיחָא, עַל כַּנְפֵי דִּכְרוּבִים. כְּמָה דְּאִתְּמַר, דִּכְתִּיב, צֶדֶק יָלִין בָּהּ. כְּדֵין הֲוַת לָהּ נַיְיחָא מִכֹּלָּא. דְּהָא יִשְׂרָאֵל לָא נַיְימִין, עַד דִּמְקָרְבֵי קָרְבְּנָא דְּבֵין הָעַרְבַּיִם, וְאִסְתְּלִיקוּ דִּינִין. וְעוֹלָה הֲוָה אִתּוֹקַד עַל מַדְבְּחָא, וּכְדֵין הֲוָה לָהּ נַיְיחָא מִכֹּלָּא, וְלָא אִשְׁתְּכַח אֶלָּא אִתְּתָא בְּבַעְלָהּ, הה"ד כִּי תָּבֹאוּ וְגוֹ' וְשָׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ, נַיְיחָא וַדַּאי. וְשָׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ שַׁבָּת לַיְיָ', שַׁבָּת לַיְיָ’ מַמָּשׁ.

Come and behold: when Yisrael entered the land, there were no lower Judgments, JUDGMENTS OF THE FEMALE, found in it, and the Congregation of Yisrael, BEING MALCHUT, was resting upon the wings of the Cherubs as they said, "righteousness lodged in it" (Yeshayah 1:21). Then she had respite from all, for Yisrael did not sleep until they offered the twilight sacrifice and the Judgments were dismissed. The burnt offering was consumed upon the altar. Then she had respite from all, and there was only a wife with her husband. This is the essence of, "When you come to the land... then shall the land keep a Shabbat" (Vayikra 25:2). Then the land will rest; true rest WITHOUT JUDGMENTS "...then shall the land keep a Shabbat to Hashem," MEANING a Shabbat to Hashem literally, WITHOUT ANY JUDGMENTS.

chanoch's Commentary

What does it mean that there are no judgments. It means there is no bread of shame associated with this essence. Has we have learned about the Sabbatical it is about certainty and Mind Over Matter. Judgments and Bread of Shame relate to the world of process and tikune. A world without judgments represent the world of effect unless it is a code word for the Ain Sof - the endless world. What do you think?

Pasook 6. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Behar

תּוּ פָּתַח רִבִּי אֶלְעָזָר, כִּי תִקְנֶה עֶבֶד עִבְרִי שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים יַעֲבוֹד וְגוֹ'. בְּגִין דְּכָל בַּר יִשְׂרָאֵל דְּאִתְגְּזַר, דְּאִית בֵּיהּ רְשִׁימָא קַדִּישָׁא, אִית לֵיהּ נַיְיחָא בִּשְׁמִטָּה. דְּהָא דִּילֵיהּ הוּא הַהוּא שְׁמִטָּה, לְנַיְיחָא בֵּיהּ. וְדָא אִקְרֵי שַׁבַּת הָאָרֶץ, וַדַּאי חֵירוּ אִית בָּהּ. נַיְיחָא בָּהּ, כְּמָה דְּשַׁבָּת נַיְיחָא הוּא דְּכֹלָּא, הָכִי נָמֵי שְׁמִטָּה נַיְיחָא דְּכֹלָּא, נַיְיחָא הוּא דְּרוּחָא וְגוּפָא.

Again, Rabbi Elazar commenced: "If you buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve..." (Shemot 21:2) as every son of Yisrael who is circumcised possesses a holy mark, has rest on the Sabbatical Year. This Sabbatical Year is his, DENOTING MALCHUT; it is his to rest in it. It is referred to as the Shabbat of the land, and surely contains freedom FROM THE KLIPOT. In it, there is rest FROM JUDGMENTS; just as Shabbat is rest for all, so the Sabbatical Year is total rest ...“ rest for the spirit and body. THEREFORE, IT IS WRITTEN, "SIX YEARS HE SHALL SERVE: AND IN THE SEVENTH HE SHALL GO OUT FREE."

chanoch's Commentary

The Zohar is connecting the idea of time to location to slavery as described in my email commentary on Parasha Behar 5774. Please read it on the yeshshem website.

Pasook 7. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Behar

ת"ח, ה' נַיְיחָא הוּא דְּעִלָאֵי וְתַתָּאֵי. בְּג"כ, ה' עִלָּאָה, ה' תַּתָּאָה. נַיְיחָא דְּעִלָּאִין, נַיְיחָא דְּתַּתָּאִין. ה' עִלָּאָה, שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים. ה' תַּתָּאָה, שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים בִּלְחוֹדַיְיהוּ. דָּא שְׁמִטָּה, וְדָא יוֹבְלָא.

Come and behold: Hei refers to rest of those on high and those lower. Thus, THERE IS the upper Hei OF YUD HEI VAV HEI, DENOTING BINAH, and the lower Hei OF YUD HEI VAV HEI, REFLECTING MALCHUT. THE UPPER HEI POINTS TO rest for the supernal beings, while THE LOWER HEI REFERS TO rest for those below. The upper Hei IS THE SECRET OF seven years seven times, MEANING 49 GATES OF BINAH; the lower Hei is THE SECRET OF merely the seven years. The LOWER IS CALLED 'The Sabbatical Year' and the UPPER is called 'Jubilee'.

chanoch adds: This verse is relating to the Name of HaShem and explaining the relationship of the Yovel and the Sabatical Years.

Pasook 8. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Behar

וְכַד מִסְתַּכְּלִין מִלֵּי כֹּלָּא חַד. בְּג"כ וְשָׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ, בְּהַהוּא נַיְיחָא דְּאַרְעָא, אִצְטְרִיכוּ עַבְדִּין נַיְיחָא. ובג"כ, וּבַשְּׁבִיעִית יֵצֵא לַחָפְשִׁי חִנָּם. חִנָּם, מַהוּ חִנָּם. דְּלָא יָהִיב לְמָארֵיהּ כְּלוּם.

When one looks at these things they all the same, BECAUSE THE MOCHIN OF JUBILEE, WHICH IS BINAH, ILLUMINATES WITHIN THE SABBATICAL YEAR, WHICH IS MALCHUT. Therefore, IT IS WRITTEN, "then shall the land keep a Shabbat" (Vayikra 25:1), for when the land is at rest, the servants SHOULD BE at rest. This is why, "in the seventh he shall go out free." What is "free"? It means that he pays his master nothing.

chanoch adds: "Paying his Master nothing relates to HaShem. It means that the service or the cause of something happening during the Shimitta and Yovel years has already occurred.