Zohar Commentary on Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

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Zohar Commentary of the Zohar PORTION called Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well


Rabbi Yehuda tells us that Moses, Aaron and Miriam, through their merit, gave Yisrael the manna, the clouds of glory and the well, and that all of these celestial gifts are attached above. He emphasizes that there were seven clouds of glory, and that after Aaron died the clouds were gone and Yisrael was no longer protected by them. Rabbi Aba says that whoever excludes himself from the shadow of Faith as represented by those clouds is worthy only of being a servant to servants of servants, yet whoever dwells under the shadow of Faith bequeaths freedom to all his descendants forever.

Pasook 260. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

וּבַחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר יוֹם, ר' יְהוּדָה פָּתַח, וַיִּשְׁמַע הַכְּנַעֲנִי מֶלֶךְ עֲרָד. תָּנֵינָן, ג' מַתְּנָן עִלָּאִין, אִזְדְּמָנוּ לְהוּ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, ע"י תְּלָתָא אָחִין: מֹשֶׁה, אַהֲרֹן, וּמִרְיָם. מָן, בִּזְכוּת מֹשֶׁה. עֲנָנֵי כָּבוֹד, בִּזְכוּת אַהֲרֹן. בְּאֵר, בִּזְכוּת מִרְיָם. וְכֻלְּהוּ אֲחִידָן לְעֵילָּא. מָן בִּזְכוּת מֹשֶׁה, דִּכְתִּיב הִנְנִי מַמְטִיר לָכֶם לֶחֶם מִן הַשָּׁמַיִם מִן הַשָּׁמַיִם, דָּא מֹשֶׁה. 260(2). עֲנָנֵי כָּבוֹד בִּזְכוּת אַהֲרֹן, דִּכְתִּיב אֲשֶׁר עַיִן בְּעַיִן נִרְאָה אַתָּה יְיָ' וְגוֹ', וּכְתִיב וְכִסָּה עֲנַן הַקְּטֹרֶת. מַה לְהַלָּן, שִׁבְעָה. אַף כָּאן נָמֵי שִׁבְעָה. דְּהָא בַּקְּטֹרֶת שִׁבְעָה עֲנָנִין מִתְקַשְּׁרָן כַּחֲדָא. וְאַהֲרֹן רֵישָׁא לְכָל שִׁבְעָה עֲנָנִין הוּא וְהוּא קָשִׁיר לְשִׁית אָחֳרָנִין בֵּיהּ בְּכָל יוֹמָא.

The fifteenth day" (Vayikra 23:34). Rabbi Yehuda opened the discussion with, "And when the Canaanite, the king of Arad" (Bemidbar 21:1). We learned that three celestial gifts were given to Yisrael by the three siblings, Moses, Aaron and Miriam ...“ the manna through the merit of Moses, the clouds of glory through the merit of Aaron and the well through the merit of Miriam. They are all attached above. The manna is by the merit of Moses, as written, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you" (Shemot 16:4). "from heaven" refers to Moses, NAMELY THE CHARIOT TO ZEIR ANPIN CALLED MOSES AND ALSO CALLED HEAVEN.The clouds of glory are by merit of Aaron, A CHARIOT TO CHESED, as written, "that You Hashem are seen face to face..." (Bemidbar 14:14), and, "the cloud of the incense may cover" (Vayikra 16:13). As on the other verse, IN RELATION TO INCENSE, there are seven CLOUDS, so in the former, IN, "YOUR CLOUD STANDS OVER THEM" (BEMIDBAR 14:14), there are also seven CLOUDS. For there were seven clouds of incense joined together, and Aaron is the uppermost of the seven clouds. FOR THE SEVEN CLOUDS ARE THE SECRET OF CHESED, GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD, YESOD AND MALCHUT. AARON, WHO IS A CHARIOT TO CHESED, IS THE FIRST SFIRAH, and he is daily connected through it to the six other clouds, GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD, YESOD AND MALCHUT. THE CLOUDS ARE THEREFORE CONSIDERED TO COME BY THE MERIT OF AARON, AS HE IS THE ASPECT OF CHESED, THE TOP CLOUD, WHICH INCLUDES THEM.

chanoch's Commentary

Aaron - from other teachers of Kabbalah represents the chariot of Hod while here it is telling us he is Chesed. This is is the aspect of relativity. Each person when one has completed their Tikune will reach to the level of Chesed. Some can reach to the level of Binah - Actually the level that Samson reached when he died by killing all of the Philistines. He actually reached a lower level then Aaron since Samson reached Binah of Yesod. Remember Aaron and Moshe had a very close relationship as brothers. When Moshe grew to be connected to Da'at Aaron grew to be connected to chesed just slightly below Moshe. That is why and how we can understand this apparent issue.

Pasook 261. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

בְּאֵר בִּזְכוּת מִרְיָם, דְּהָא הִיא וַדַּאי בְּאֵר אִתְקְרֵי. וּבְסִפְרָא דְּאַגַּדְתָּא, וַתֵּתַצַּב אֲחוֹתוֹ מֵרָחוֹק לְדֵעָה וְגוֹ'. דָּא הוּא בְּאֵר מַיִם חַיִּים, וְכֹלָּא קִשּׁוּרָא חַד. מֵתָה מִרְיָם, אִסְתַּלָּק בְּאֵר. דִּכְתִּיב, וְלֹא הָיָה מַיִם לָעֵדָה. וּבְהַהִיא שַׁעֲתָא בָּעָאת בְּאֵר אָחֳרָא לְאִסְתַּלְּקָא, דַּהֲוָה שְׁכִיחַ עִמְּהוֹן דְּיִשְׂרָאֵל. כַּד חָמָאת שִׁיתָּא עֲנָנִין דַּהֲווֹ קְשִׁירִין עָלָהּ, אִתְקַשְּׁרַת הִיא בְּהוּ.

The well comes by merit of Miriam, WHO WAS A CHARIOT TO MALCHUT, since she is surely called a well. In the book of Agadah, WE LEARNED, "And his sister stood afar off, to know..." (Shemot 2:4). This is a well of living water, NAMELY MALCHUT, and all was bound into one, SINCE MIRIAM WAS CONNECTED TO MALCHUT. When Miriam died, the well was gone, as written, "And there was no water for the congregation" (Bemidbar 20:2). At that time, another well wished to depart, MALCHUT, that was with Yisrael, BUT when it saw the six clouds, CHESED, GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD AND YESOD, that were connected to it, TO THE CLOUD OF MALCHUT, HER OWN ASPECT, MALCHUT became connected to them.

chanoch's Commentary

There is much wisdom and code words in this Pasook. Miriam is connected to Malchut and used vision to connect to the Zeir Anpin Sefirot. vision is Chochmah. Malchut needs to be elevated by wisdom to reach unity with Zeir Anpin.

Pasook 262. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

מִית אַהֲרֹן, אִסְתְּלָקוּ אִינּוּן עֲנָנִין, וְאִסְתַּלָּק עֲנָנָא דְּבֵירָא עִמְּהוֹן. אָתָא מֹשֶׁה, אַהְדָּר לְהוּ. הה"ד, עָלִיתָ לַמָּרוֹם שָׁבִיתָ שֶּׁבִי לָקַחְתָּ מַתָּנוֹת בָּאָדָם. לָקַחְתָּ מַתָּנוֹת וַדַּאי, אִינּוּן מַתָּנוֹת דַּהֲווֹ בְּקַדְמֵיתָא בְּאֵר וַעֲנָנִין.

When Aaron died, the clouds of glory were gone, and with them was gone the SEVENTH cloud, TO WHICH the well, MALCHUT, WAS ATTACHED. Moses returned them to them, as written, "You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive. You have received gifts from men" (Tehilim 68:19). Surely, "You have received gifts from men," the presents that were there before, NAMELY, the well and the clouds.

chanoch's Commentary

Did you ask why Moshe did not return the Clouds of Glory only the Well from Miriam? This is a meaningful question. We need to realize that Moshe could not have connected the clouds since the Malchut or well could be connected to Yesod but Chesed could not be returned to Binah since Moshe was not connected at that level.

Pasook 263. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

בְּאֵר, דָּא בְּאֵר דְּיִצְחָק. עֲנָנִים, אִלֵּין עֲנָנִים דְּאַהֲרֹן. א"ר יִצְחָק, מִפְּנֵי מַה זָכָה אַהֲרֹן לְדָא, בְּגִין דְּאִיהוּ קָשִׁיר בַּעֲנָנִים. וְהוּא אַקְשִׁיר כָּל יוֹמָא וְיוֹמָא לְכֻלְּהוּ כַּחֲדָא, דְּמִתְבָּרְכָאן כֻּלְּהוּ עַל יְדוֹי.


chanoch's Commentary

Aaron is a chariot to Chesed of Zeir Anpin since He is the Brother of Moshe who grows to the level of Da'at which includes Zeir Anpin in total. Brotherhood is the Hebrew word Ach אח. when one opens the door and attaches it to brotherhood one creates Echad or Unity אחד.

Pasook 264. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

תָּא חֲזֵי, עַל כָּל חֶסֶד דְּעָבֵד קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל. קָשִׁיר עִמְּהוֹן ז' עֲנָנֵי יַקִירָן, וְקָשִׁיר לְהוּ בִּכְנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, דְּהָא עֲנָנָא דִּילָהּ אִתְקְשַׁר בְּשִׁיתָא אָחֳרָנִין. וּבְכֻלְּהוּ שִׁבְעָה, אַזְלוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּמַדְבְּרָא. מַאי טַעֲמָא, בְּגִין דְּכֻלְּהוּ קִשְׁרָא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא נִינְהוּ וְעַל דָּא בַּסֻּכּוֹת תֵּשְׁבוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים. מַאי קָא מַיְירֵי. בְּגִין דִּכְתִּיב, בְּצִלּוֹ חִמַּדְתִּי וְיָשַׁבְתִּי וּפִרְיוֹ מָתוֹק לְחִכִּי. וּבָעֵי בַּר נָשׁ לְאַחֲזָאָה גַּרְמֵיהּ, דְּיָתִיב תְּחוֹת צִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא.

Come and see, whatever kindness (Chesed) the Holy One, blessed be He, did to Yisrael, He attached the seven clouds of glory to it, WHICH CORRESPOND TO CHESED, GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD, YESOD AND MALCHUT. And He connected them to the Congregation of Yisrael, WHICH IS MALCHUT, since her cloud was connected to the others six, CHESED, GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD AND YESOD. Thus Yisrael walked in the desert with all seven clouds. The reason is that they were all the bonds of Faith, ATTACHED TO MALCHUT THAT IS CALLED FAITH. In relation to that SCRIPTURE SAYS, "You shall dwell in booths seven days" (Vayikra 23:42), THE SECRET OF THE SEVEN CLOUDS OF GLORY THAT WENT WITH YISRAEL IN THE DESERT. What does that teach us? HE ANSWERS, It is written, "I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste" (Shir Hashirim 2:3), THE SECRET OF THE SHADOW OF THE CLOUDS OF GLORY AND THE SECRET OF THE SHADOW OF THE SUKKAH. Man should display himself sitting under the shadow of Faith.

chanoch's Commentary

One needs to learn about certainty from the Holiday and Mitzvah of Sukkoth.

Pasook 265. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

ת"ח, כָּל אִינּוּן שְׁנִין דְּקָאֵים אַהֲרֹן, הֲווֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּצִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא, תְּחוֹת אִלֵּין עֲנָנִין. בָּתַר דְּמִית אַהֲרֹן, אִסְתַּלָּק עֲנָנָא חַד, דְּהוּא יְמִינָא דְּכֹלָּא. וְכַד הַאי אִסְתַּלָּק, אִסְתְּלָקוּ כָּל שְׁאָר עִמֵּיהּ וְאִתְחֲזִיאוּ כֻּלְּהוּ בִּגְרִיעוּתָא. וְהָא אוּקְמוּהָ, דִּכְתִּיב וַיִּרְאוּ כָּל הָעֵדָה כִּי גָוַע אַהֲרֹן. אַל תִּקְרֵי וַיִּרְאוּ, אֶלָּא וַיֵירָאוּ. מִיַּד וַיִּשְׁמַע הַכְּנַעֲנִי מֶלֶךְ עֲרָד יוֹשֵׁב הַנֶּגֶב כִּי בָא יִשְׂרָאֵל דֶּרֶךְ הָאֲתָּרִים. שְׁמַע דְּאִסְתָּלָקוּ אִינּוּן עֲנָנִים, וּמִית תַּיָירָא רַבְרְבָא דְּכָל אִינּוּן עֲנָנִים אִתְקְשָּׁרוּ בֵּיהּ.

Come and see, throughout Aaron's life Yisrael were under the shadow of Faith, under these SEVEN clouds. After Aaron died, one cloud was gone, WHICH IS CHESED OF THE CLOUDS, HIS OWN ATTRIBUTE, the one most to the right. When that was gone, the other clouds were gone with it, THE SIX SFIROT INCLUDED IN IT. Everyone OF YISRAEL were seen lacking. We explained the verse, "And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead" (Bemidbar 20:29). Do not pronounce it 'saw (Heb. vayir'u)' but 'were seen (Heb. vayera'u)', WHICH MEANS THAT THE CLOUDS' SHADOW DISAPPEARED FROM THEM AND THEY WERE EXPOSED. Immediately, "And when the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the Negev, heard that Yisrael came by the way of Atarim" (Bemidbar 21:1), he heard that the clouds of glory were gone and the great guide died, to whom all the clouds were attached.

chanoch's Commentary

This Pasook is teaching all of us that once we loose our connection to LOving Kindness or Chesed we lose our protection shield and will wander in the desert. This is an important lesson to learn and once learned it helps to control our negative attributes of anger and hatred.

Pasook 266. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

א"ר יִצְחָק, הַכְּנַעֲנִי מֶלֶךְ עֲרָד יוֹשֵׁב הַנֶּגֶב וַדַּאי. וְכַד אָתוּ אִינּוּן מְאַלְּלִין דְּשָׁדַר מֹשֶׁה, אַמְרוּ עֲמָלֵק יוֹשֵׁב בְּאֶרֶץ הַנֶּגֶב, בְּגִין לְתַּבְרָא לִבַּיְיהוּ. דְּהָא בַּעֲמָלֵק אַתְּבַּר חֵילֵיהוֹן בְּקַדְמֵיתָא.

Rabbi Yitzchak said, Surely it was "the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the Negev." When the spies Moses sent returned, they said, "Amalek dwells in the land of the Negev" (Bemidbar 13:29), in order to break their heart, since their strength was first broken by Amalek.

chanoch's Commentary

The people were afraid of Amalek since they realized how close the battle with Amalek is each and every time doubts come into your life. We must strengthen our certainty and overcome any doubt.

Pasook 267. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

א"ר אַבָּא, וַיִּשְׁמַע הַכְּנַעֲנִי, מַאי קָא מַיְירֵי הָכָא. בָּתַר דְּאִסְתְּלָקוּ אִינּוּן עֲנָנִים. אֶלָּא כְּנַעַן כְּתִיב בֵּיהּ, וַיֹּאמֶר אָרוּר כְּנָעַן עֶבֶד עֲבָדִים יִהְיֶה לְאֶחָיו. הָכָא אוֹלִיפְנָא, מַאן דְּאַפִּיק גַּרְמֵיהּ מִצִּלָא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא, אִתְחֲזֵי לְמֶהֱוֵי עֶבֶד לְעַבְדֵּי עַבְדִּין, הה"ד וַיִּלָּחֶם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִשְׁבְּ מִמֶּנּוּ שֶׁבִי. הוּא נָטַל עַבְדִּין מִיִשְׂרָאֵל לְגַרְמֵיהּ.

Rabbi Aba said, "the Canaanite... heard." Why is THE CANAANITE MENTIONED here, COMING after the clouds were gone? AND HE ANSWERS, It is written of Canaan, "Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brethren" (Beresheet 9:25). We learned here FROM THE VERSE, "THE CANAANITE... HEARD," that whoever excludes himself from the shadow of Faith is worthy of being a servant to servants of servants, NAMELY TO CANAANITES. This is the meaning of, "he fought against Yisrael, and took some of them prisoners" (Bemidbar 21:1), taking himself servants from among Yisrael.

chanoch's Commentary

Faith in the Creator - is belief. It is better to have some belief in the Creator than none at all. This is the teaching of this pasook. If you have a touch of faith you can grow it to certainty. If you have no faith there is nothing to connect to and keep you from falling further and further into doubts.

Pasook 268. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

וְעַל דָּא כְּתִיב, כָּל הָאֶזְרָח בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשְׁבוּ בַּסוּכּוֹת. כָּל מַאן דְּאִיהוּ מִשָׁרְשָׁא וְגִזְעָא קַדִּישָׁא דְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, יֵשְׁבוּ בַּסֻּכּוֹת, תְּחוֹת צִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא. וּמַאן דְּלֵיתֵיהּ מִגִּזְעָא וְשׁוֹרְשָׁא קַדִּישָׁא דְּיִשְׂרָאֵל, לָא יְתִיב בְּהוּ, וְיִפּוּק גַּרְמֵיהּ מִתְּחוֹת צִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא.

It is therefore written, "all that are home born in Yisrael shall dwell in booths" (Vayikra 23:42), for whoever is from the root and holy stock of Yisrael shall dwell in booths under the shadow of Faith. Whoever is not from the holy stock and root of Yisrael shall not dwell in them, but excludes himself from under the shadow of Faith.

chanoch's Commentary

Many believe this pasook relates to the idea of a marrage must be between two Jews. This is not a valid teaching. This Pasook is talking about a Jewish Soul that can never totally remove itself from belief in the Creator.

Pasook 269. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

כְּתִיב כְּנַעַן בְּיָדוֹ מֹאזְנֵי מִרְמָה, דָּא אֱלִיעֶזֶר עֶבֶד אַבְרָהָם. ות"ח, כְּתִיב אָרוּר כְּנַעַן וּבְגִין דְּזָכָה כְּנַעַן דָּא, לְשַׁמְּשָׁא לְאַבְרָהָם, כֵּיוָן דְּשִׁמֵּשׁ לְאַבְרָהָם, יְתִיב תְּחוֹת צִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא, זָכָה לְמֵיפַּק מֵהַהוּא לָטְיָיא דְּאִתְלַטְּיָיא, וְלֹא עוֹד אֶלָּא דִּכְתִּיב בֵּיהּ בְּרָכָה. דִּכְתִּיב, וַיֹאמֶר בֹּא בְּרוּךְ יְיָ'. מַאי קָא מַיְירֵי. דְּכָל מַאן דְּיֵתִיב תְּחוֹת צִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא, אַחֲסִין חֵירוּ לֵיהּ וְלִבְנוֹי לְעָלְמִין, וְאִתְבְּרַךְ בִּרְכָתָא עִלָּאָה, וּמַאן דְּאַפִּיק גַּרְמֵיהּ מְצִלָּא דִּמְהֵימְנוּתָא, אַחֲסִין גָּלוּתָא לֵיהּ וְלִבְנוֹי, דִּכְתִּיב וַיִּלָּחֶם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּשְׁבְּ מִמֶּנּוּ שֶׁבִי.

It is written, "As for the merchant (also: 'the Canaanite'), the balances of deceit are in his hand" (Hoshea 12:8). This refers to Eliezer, Abraham's servant. Come and see, it is written, "Cursed be Canaan." Since this Canaan, ELIEZER, merited to serve Abraham and since he did serve Abraham and dwelt under the shadow of Faith, he was worthy of being excluded from the curse he was cursed with. Furthermore, a blessing is written about him, as written, "And he said, Come in, you blessed of Hashem" (Beresheet 24:31). This teaches us that whoever dwells under the shadow of Faith bequeaths freedom for himself and for his descendants for ever, and is blessed with a celestial blessing. Whoever excludes himself from the shadow of Faith bequeaths exile for himself and for his descendants, as written, "he fought against Yisrael, and took some of them prisoners."

chanoch's Commentary

i am sure this pasook and its language are clear.

Pasook 270. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 36 - Manna - Clouds of Glory - The Well

בַּסֻּכּוֹת תֵּשְׁבוּ חָסֵר, וְדָא עֲנָנָא חַד, דְּכֻלְּהוּ קְשִׁירִין בֵּיהּ. דִּכְתִּיב, כִּי עֲנַן יְיָ' עֲלֵיהֶם יוֹמָם. וּכְתִיב, וּבְעַמּוּד עָנָן אַתָּה הוֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵיהֶם יוֹמָם. דָּא הוּא עֲנָנָא דְּאַהֲרֹן, דְּאִקְרֵי יוֹמָם, דִּכְתִּיב יוֹמָם יְצַוֶּה יְיָ' חַסְדּוֹ. עֲנָנָא חַד, נָטִיל עִמֵּיהּ חָמֵשׁ אָחֳרָנִין, וְאִינּוּן שִׁית. וַעֲנָנָא אָחֳרָא, דִּכְתִּיב וּבְעַמּוּד אֵשׁ לָיְלָה, דָּא נָהֲרָא לְהוּ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, מִנְהִירוּ דְּאִינּוּן שִׁית.

"You shall dwell in booths (Heb. Sukkot)." SUKKOT IS SPELLED WITHOUT VAV, because THIS SUKKOT ALLUDES to one cloud only, WHICH IS CHESED, to which all SIX CLOUDS are attached. HENCE THERE ARE SEVEN DAYS, as written, "And the cloud of Hashem was upon them by day" (Bemidbar 10:34), and, "and that You go before them by day time in a pillar of cloud" (Bemidbar 14:14), which is Aaron's cloud, WHICH IS CHESED that is called "by day," as written, "Yet Hashem will command His Chesed in the daytime" (Tehilim 42:9). One cloud, WHICH IS CHESED, receives with it five other clouds, WHICH ARE GVURAH, TIFERET, NETZACH, HOD AND YESOD, so they are six. Another cloud, of which is written, "and in a pillar of fire by night" (Bemidbar 14:14), WHICH IS MALCHUT, shines on Yisrael from the illumination of the six CLOUDS.

chanoch's Commentary

The moon reflects what the sun shares with her. This is a truly important teaching to understand the way the spiritual worlds work.