It is recommended to study the section prior to reading the Synopsis.
We learn that when God commanded the people to purify themselves He made the same admonition to the priests, the sons of Aaron. Rabbi Yehuda speaks about the light of God that is stored up for the righteous in the World to Come, but that is hidden from the wicked. We are told about how difficult it is for the soul to leave the body at the time of death and about why the body must not be left unburied for very long. Rabbi Yehuda talks about the possibility of immediate reincarnation and the body of light. He tells us about the flow of holy ointment that is drawn down upon the priest.
Pasook 1. of Zohar Commentary Section 1 on the Parasha Emor
וַיֹּאמֶר יְיָ' אֶל מֹשֶׁה אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם לְנֶפֶשׁ לֹא יִטַּמָּא בְּעַמָּיו. א"ר יוֹסֵי, מ"ט דָּא לָקֳבֵל דָּא, דִּכְתִּיב לְעֵילָּא, וְאִישׁ אוֹ אִשָּׁה כִּי יִהְיֶה בָהֶם אוֹב אוֹ יִדְּעוֹנִי מוֹת יוּמָתוּ, וְסָמִיךְ לֵיהּ אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים. אֶלָּא כֵּיוָן דְּאַזְהַר לְהוּ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, לְקַדְּשָׁא לְהוּ בְּכֹלָּא, אַזְהַר לְהוּ לְכַהֲנֵי לְקַדְּשָׁא לוֹן, וְכֵן לַלְוִיִּם. לְכַהֲנֵי מִנַּיִן. דִּכְתִּיב אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים. לְלֵוָאֵי מִנַּיִן. דִּכְתִּיב וְאֶל הַלְוִיִּם תְּדַבֵּר וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם. בְּגִין דְּיִשְׁתַּכְּחוּן כֻּלְּהוּ זַכָּאִין קַדִּישִׁין דַּכְיָין.
"And Hashem said to Moses, Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and say to them, There shall none be defiled for the dead among his people" (Vayikra 21:1). Rabbi Yosi said, what is the reason that this corresponds with that which is said before, "A man also or woman that is a medium or a wizard, shall surely be put to death" (Vayikra 20:27), so that THE VERSE, "Speak to the priests" is adjacent to it? HE REPLIES: once admonishing Yisrael to sanctify themselves in every manner, it also admonished the priests to sanctify themselves and the Levites as well. How do we know it admonished the priests? From the words, "Speak to the priests." And as for the Levites, it says, "Thus speak to the Levites, and say to them" (Bemidbar 18:26). Thus they will all be righteous, holy and pure.
The term righteous refers to the central column of the Tree of Life specificially the Sefira of Tiferet. Holy refers to the right column specifically the Sefira of Chesed. Pure is left column specifically the Sefira of Gevurah. Always remember the relationship of the Fathers Abraham Issac and Jacob/Israel to the sefirot. Also realize that the question being asked in the pasook is a good one that most people do not ask because they do not think in terms of unity from one verse to the next. There is always something to learn from these relationships of space/location within the Torah. We just need to create the vessel by asking the questions.
Pasook 2. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Emor.
אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן, מ"ט הָכָא בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן, וְכִי לָא יְדַעְנָא דִּבְנֵי אַהֲרֹן נִינְהוּ. אֶלָּא בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן, וְלָא בְּנֵי לֵוִי, דְּאַהֲרֹן דְּהוּא שֵׁירוּתָא דְּכָל כַּהֲנֵי דְּעָלְמָא, דְּבֵיהּ אִתְרְעֵי קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא מִכֹּלָּא, בְּגִין לְמֶעְבַּד שְׁלָמָא בְּעָלְמָא, וּבְגִין דְּאַהֲרֹן אָרְחוֹי סַלִיקוּ לֵיהּ לְהַאי, דְּכָל יוֹמוֹי דְּאַהֲרֹן הֲוָה מִשְׁתָּדַּל לְאַסְגָּאָה שְׁלָמָא בְּעָלְמָא. וּבְגִין דְּאוֹרְחוֹי כַּךְ, סָלִיק לֵיהּ קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא לְהַאי, לְמֵיעַל שְׁלָמָא בְּפָמַלְיָא דִּלְעֵילָּא, וּבְגִין כַּךְ אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן.
"Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron": HE ASKS, what is the reason it is written here, "the sons of Aaron"? Do I not know they are the sons of Aaron? AND HE ANSWERS, THIS TEACHES US they are "the sons of Aaron" rather than 'the sons of Levi', because Aaron is the first of all the priests. For it is him that the Holy One, blessed be He, had chosen above everyone, so as to make peace in the world, and because Aaron's practices have brought him up to this. For Aaron strove throughout his life to increase peace in the world. Since these were his ways, the Holy One, blessed be He, raised him TO PRIESTHOOD, to introduce peace among the celestial retinue, FOR THROUGH HIS WORSHIP HE BRINGS ABOUT THE UNION OF THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE AND HIS SHECHINAH, WHICH BRINGS PEACE THROUGHOUT THE WORLDS. Hence, "Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron."
chanoch adds: Does this answer satisfy you? It does not satisfy me. I could learn this from the midrash or in some other Pasook. Why specifically do i need to learn here that the Priests are the sons of Aaron? In my opinion telling us the sons of Aaron explains the relationship of the sefirot of Chesed to Gevurah. We do not learn that specifically from other verses. Yet i do not know the Torah that well that i can say with certainty that we do not learn that Chesed comes before Gevurah in other earlier verses.
Pasook 3. from the Zohar Commentary on Parasha Emor
אֱמוֹר אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם. ר' יְהוּדָה פָּתַח, מָה רַב טוּבְךָ אֲשֶׁר צָפַנְתָּ לִּירֵאֶיךָ וְגוֹ'. מַה רַב טוּבְךָ, כַּמָה עִלָּאָה וְיַקִּירָא, הַהוּא נְהוֹרָא עִלָּאָה דְּאִקְרֵי טוֹב, דִּכְתִּיב וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת הָאוֹר כִּי טוֹב. וְדָא הוּא אוֹר הַגָנוּז, דְּבֵיהּ עָבֵיד קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא טַב בְּעָלְמָא, וְלָא מָנַע לֵיהּ בְּכָל יוֹמָא, בְּגִין דְּבֵיהּ מִתְקַיֵּים עָלְמָא, וְקָאֵים עָלֵיהּ. אֲשֶׁר צָפַנְתָּ לִירֵאֶיךָ, דִּתְנָן, נְהוֹרָא עִלָּאָה עָבֵד קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא כַּד בָּרָא עָלְמָא, וְגָנִיז לֵיהּ לְצַדִּיקַיָּא לְזִמְנָא דְּאָתֵי. הה"ד, אֲשֶׁר צָפַנְתָּ לִירֵאֶיךָ.
"Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and say to them." Rabbi Yehuda opened with the verse, "O how great is Your goodness, which You have laid up for those who fear You..." (Tehilim 31:20). "O how great is Your goodness": how superior and precious is that lofty light that is called good, as written, "And Elohim saw the light, that it was good" (Beresheet 1:4). This is the treasured light with which the Holy One, blessed be He, does good in the world. He does not withhold it any day, and the world is maintained and supported by it. "Which You have laid up for those who fear You": for we have learned that the Holy One, blessed be He, made a lofty light when He created the world, and treasured it for the righteous for the future to come. This is the meaning of, "which You have laid up for those who fear You, which You have performed for those who trust in You."
Why is the Zohar bringing the concept of the concealed Light - Ohr Ganuz at this point? It is telling us that the idea of the Priests and the sons of Aaron is part of our duties and responsibilities as spiritual people. strive to become a Priest to someone else. Priest is the word Cohen in Hebrew which can be translated as "Like them". When we strive to be like someone we can become a Priest and serve them. The effect will be a revelation of the Ohr Ganuz in our life both in this world and the world that is coming.
Pasook 4. from the Zohar Commentary on the Parasha Emor
פָּעַלְתָּ לַחוֹסִים בָּךְ. פָּעַלְתָּ, בְּזִמְנָא דְּאִתְבְּרֵי עָלְמָא, הַהוּא נְהוֹרָא הֲוָה קָאֵים וְנָהִיר מֵרֵישָׁא דְּעָלְמָא לְסַיְיפֵי דְּעָלְמָא. כַּד אִסְתָּכַּל קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא, לְאִינּוּן חַיָּיבִין דִּזְמִינִין לְקַיְּימָא בְּעָלְמָא, גָּנִיז לֵיהּ לְהַהוּא נְהוֹרָא, דִּכְתִּיב וְיִמָּנַע מֵרְשָׁעִים אוֹרָם. וְזַמִּין לְאַנְהָרָא לְצַדִּיקַיָּיא לְעָלְמָא דְּאָתֵי, וְדָא הוּא אֲשֶׁר צָפַנְתָּ לִּירֵאֶיךָ, וּכְתִיב וְזָרְחָה לָכֶם יִרְאֵי שְׁמִי שֶׁמֶשׁ צְדָקָה וּמַרְפֵּא בִּכְנָפֶיהָ.
"Performed for those who trust in You" (Ibid.): for when the world was created, this light was shining from the beginning of the world to its end. When the Holy One, blessed be He, saw the wicked that will live in the world, He concealed that light. This is the meaning of, "And from the wicked their light is withheld" (Iyov 38:15). THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE, will shine it upon the righteous in the World to Come, so, "which You have laid up for those who fear You, WHICH YOU HAVE PERFORMED FOR THOSE WHO TRUST IN YOU." "PERFORMED" ALLUDES TO THE ACTION OF CONCEALMENT. It is also written, "But to you who fear My name the sun of righteousness shall arise with healing in its wings" (Malachi 3:20).
When one strives to become a Priest to someone. To think and feel like they do then one is unifying between Malchut and Zeir Anpin. That is when we receive our effect of these positive actions and enjoy the fulfillment of the world that is coming in this world.
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