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Rabbi Aba tells Rabbi Yosi the meaning of the fifteen days in "The fifteenth day of this seventh month," saying that the first ten belong to the Matron and the next five to the King. On the fifteenth day the moon is full, and the full moon is the secret of Malchut.
Pasook 257. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 35 - The Fifteenth Day.
וּבַחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי וְגוֹ'. ר' יוֹסֵי שָׁאַל לְרִבִּי אַבָּא, אָ"ל, הָנֵי חֲמִשָׁה עֲשַׂר יוֹם, מַאי קָא מַיְירֵי. אָ"ל, וַדַּאי רָזָא יַקִּירָא הוּא. ת"ח, בֵּין לְעֵילָּא בֵּין לְתַתָּא, כָּל חַד וְחַד, בְּאָרְחֵיהּ נַטְלָא. וּבְאָרְחֵיהּ יָתְבָא, וּבְאָרְחֵיהּ אִתְּעַר וְעָבֵיד מַאי דְּעָבֵיד. הַאי עָשׂוֹר מִכְנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל אִינּוּן. וְיוֹמָא עֲשִׁירָאָה, בַּעֲשִׂירָאָה קַיְּימָא. וְעַל דָּא בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה וְיִקְחוּ לָהֶם אִישׁ שֶׂה לְבֵית וְגוֹ'. וְהַאי יוֹמָא, הוּא דִּילָהּ. וַחֲמִשָּׁה יוֹמִין אָחֳרָנִין, דְּמַלְכָּא הוּא. הַהוּא יוֹמָא דְּאָתֵי עָלָהּ. דְּהָא חֲמִשָּׁאָה, בֵּיהּ יָתִיב מַלְכָּא, בְּכוּרְסְיָיא.
"The fifteenth day of this seventh month" (Vayikra 23:34). Rabbi Yosi asked Rabbi Aba. He said to him, What is the meaning of those fifteen days? He said to him, Certainly they are a precious mystery. Come and see, whether above or below, everything journeys in its own way, sits in its own way, and awakens in its own way to do whatever it does. THAT IS, NOTHING RESEMBLES ANYTHING ELSE, BOTH ABOVE AND BELOW. The tenth is from the Congregation of Yisrael, THAT IS, IT ALLUDES TO MALCHUT, since the tenth day is based on the tenth SFIRAH, MALCHUT. Hence IT IS SAID, "On the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers" (Shemot 12:3). FOR THE TENTH IS MALCHUT, AND SINCE THE TEN SFIROT REACHED COMPLETION ON THE TENTH DAY, "THEY SHALL TAKE..." That day, THE TENTH DAY OF THE MONTH, is hers, while the other five days are the King's, ZEIR ANPIN'S. That day comes upon her AND FILLS HER WITH HER LIGHTS. HENCE ON THE FIFTEENTH DAY THE MOON IS FULL, for on the five days, WHEN THE FIVE SFIROT OF ZEIR ANPIN REACH COMPLETION, the King sits on the throne, WHICH IS MALCHUT, THE SECRET OF THE FULL MOON.
A month has 30 days usually. there are 15 days of the moon growing in its light while there are 15 days declining in its light. Yet there is also 3 sets of 10 days which is the first 10 days representing the sharing aspect and the last ten days representing the receiving aspect. The middle 10 days is the central column which has 5 days of each sharing and receiving. The moon is full on the fifteenth day. This is true for all months including tishrai. Since the full moon starts on the 15th it shares that energy through the 7 days of the Holiday of Sukkoth.
Pasook 258. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 35 - The Fifteenth Day.
וּבְכָל אֲתַר בֶּעָשׂוֹר, דְּמַטְרוֹנִיתָא הוּא. חֲמִשָּׁה עָלַיְיהוּ, דְּמַלְכָּא הוּא. הַהוּא יוֹמָא דְּאָתֵי עָלָהּ. בְּג"כ חֲמִשָּׁה יוֹמִין מִיַרְחָא, לְאוֹרַיְיתָא. וְאִי תֵּימָא שְׁבִיעָאָה, בְּזִמְנָא דִּתְרֵין אֲבָהָן מִשְׁתַּכְּחֵי בֵּיהּ, דְּהָא מַלְכָּא בְּהוּ, וּכְדֵין מִתְעַטֵּר בְּכֹלָּא. וְחַד מִלָּה, שְׁבִיעָאָה וַחֲמִשָּׁאָה.
The ten always pertain to the Matron, NAMELY MALCHUT. The five above them are the King's, NAMELY THE FIRST FIVE SFIROT OF ZEIR ANPIN, who is the day that comes upon her, THAT IS ZEIR ANPIN. For that reason, after the five days of the month of Sivan, the Torah IS GIVEN, WHICH INDICATES THE FIVE FIRST SFIROT OF ZEIR ANPIN THAT BESTOWED PLENTY AT THE GIVING OF THE TORAH. You may argue that THE TORAH SHOULD HAVE BEEN GIVEN on the seventh day, NAMELY when the two parents, ABA AND IMA, are CLOTHED in him, IN ZEIR ANPIN. For the King, WHEN HE IS in them, is then adorned with everything AND IS THEN WORTHY TO GIVE THE TORAH. HE ANSWERS, The fifth and the seventh are the same issue.
The 5 are Keter, Chochmah, Binah, Zeir Anpin, and Malchut. The 7 are the seven lower Sefirot ending with Malchut. That is why the 5 and 7 are the same they end with Malchut. The 10 is not since they end in Malchut but after Creation the 6 ends of Zeir Anpin lessened and became dark, thus they are not the same in that context and that is why their are 5 being the same as 7 and not 10.
Pasook 259. from the Zohar Sulam Commentary on the Parasha Emor Section 35 - The Fifteenth Day.
ת"ח, חֲמִשָּׁאָה דִּילֵיהּ הוּא וַדַּאי, כְּמָה דְּאִתְּמַר, וּכְדֵין נָהִיר אַבָּא לְאִימָּא, וְאִתְנְהִירוּ מִנָּהּ חַמְשִׁין תַּרְעִין לְאַנְהָרָא לַחֲמִשָּׁאָה. וְאִי תֵּימָא שְׁבִיעָאָה, בְּגִין דְּמַלְכָּא בִּשְׁלִימוּ דַּאֲבָהָן, וַעֲטָרָה יָרִית מִשְּׁבִיעָאָה, כְּמָה דִּכְתִּיב צְאֶינָה וּרְאֶינָה בְּנוֹת צִיּוֹן. וְעַ"ד בִּשְׁבִיעָאָה הוּא יוֹמָא דִּמְעַטְּרָא מַלְכָּא בְּעִטְרוֹי, וּכְדֵין יָרִית מַלְכָּא לְאַבָּא וְאִימָּא, דְּמִזְדַּוְּוגִין כַּחֲדָא. וְעַ"ד כֹּלָּא בְּחַד תַּלְיָיא.
Come and see, the fifth is surely His, as we said. Aba then shine upon Ima, and from her the fifty gates shine upon the fifth. We may argue that it is the seventh. This is because the King abides in the wholeness of the parents that shine ON HIM, AS HIS FIVE TOGETHER WITH ABA AND IMA AMOUNT TO SEVEN. MOREOVER He receives a crown from BINAH THAT IS CALLED the seventh. IF YOU COUNT FROM YESOD, BINAH IS THE SEVENTH SFIRAH. This is as written, "Go forth, O daughters of Zion, and behold KING SOLOMON WITH THE CROWN WITH WHICH HIS MOTHER CROWNED HIM..." (Shir Hashirim 3:11). Hence, the seventh day is the day when BINAH crowns the King, ZEIR ANPIN, WITH HIS CROWNS. The King ALSO inherits then Aba and Ima that unite AND SHINE INTO HIM together AS WITH HIS OWN FIVE THEY ARE SEVEN. Thus it all depends on the same thing.
see the comment on pasook 258.
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